Here's a quick tip for how to tell the difference between two similar words.
For example, how could you find the difference between 선택하다 and 고르다, or 쓰다 and 이용하다?
Note that this video is not about the differences between these two words, but is instead about how to find the differences between these sorts of similar words and others.
The post 선택하다 vs 고르다 (Sino Korean vs Pure Korean) | Korean FAQ appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.—
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Despite being a relatively simple video course (and free), you might be surprised that using only what we've learned so far there's actually a lot of sentences we can make. In this episode we'll learn how to order food at a restaurant, as well as some other useful phrases. Also you'll learn about several of the most important Korean holidays.
There are only 2 more episodes left in this series! Remember that everything goes in order. If you're watching this lesson and wondering how you could make these sentences yourself, start this series from the beginning and you can work your way up to here.
The post Billy Go’s Beginner Korean Course | #98: At the Restaurant appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.—
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In this article, we’ll be discussing how to say grandma in Korean.
Have you already managed to get through and learn all of the family vocabularies? How does your Korean friend refer to their grandma? Would you like to learn how to say “grandma” in Korean with us today? You do? Great, then let’s begin learning!
“Grandma” in Korean
There are a few ways to say grandma or grandmother in Korean. Most of them are very rare and academic, so you will do fine learning just one word with us today. The most common word you’ll hear for grandma in Korean is 할머니 (halmeoni). This specifically means grandma in English. Thus, you would most often use it to refer to your own grandma.
When you want to be more formal and say grandmother instead of grandma, the correct word to use is 할머님 (halmeonim). Super easy to remember since it only comes with one extra syllable! 님 (nim) in general is a formal attachment to someone’s name. However, in the case of grandmother, it is not that often used, and you will do great with just using 할머니.
You can use 할머니 whether you’re talking about your grandma from your father’s side or your mother’s side. In a technical sense, the word 외할머니 (oehalmeoni) specifically means your grandma from your mother’s side. However, you do not need to worry about using it in everyday situations.
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Sample Sentences Standard
우리 할머니는 시골에서 살고 계셔요. → Our grandma lives in the countryside.
(uri halmeonineun sigoreseo salgo gyesyeoyo.)
할머니, 파이를 조금 더 먹어도 되요? → Grandma, is it okay to have some more pie?
(halmeoni, paireul jogeum deo meogeodo doeyo?)Informal
매주말 할머니 댁에 방문하시로 가. → I go visit my grandma every weekend.
(maejumal halmeoni daege bangmunhasiro ga.)
Congratulations! You know now how to say grandma in Korean, and can even use it as a pet name for your own grandma! How about you tell us something simple about your grandma using your new Korean skills in the comments?
Want more Korean phrases? Go to our Korean Phrases Page for a complete list!
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I’m sure you’ve seen the Manja – 만자 several times when you’ve visited a Korean Buddhist temple. In the West, this symbol is known as a swastika, and it has a more ominous meaning to it, unfortunately. It’s now come to be synonymous with Nazism, Hitler, and the Third Reich.
However, while the Nazi use of the swastika stands for racism and hatred, the Buddhist idea of the swastika is meant to symbolize good fortune and auspiciousness. It’s a head-spinning world of difference. So let’s take a closer look at the history of the swastika, what it symbolizes, and why you can find it at a Korean Buddhist temple.The Nazis appropriated the swastika for hatred (Courtesy of Wikipedia). The left-facing swastika typically found at Korean Buddhist temples. This one is from Jangansa Temple’s Cheonwangmun Gate in Gijang-gun, Busan. Design
A swastika is a cross-like symbol with four arms of equal length. At the end of each of these four arms, they have a bend in them at a right angle. There are right-facing/clockwise swastikas – 卐, and there are left-facing/counter clockwise swastikas – 卍. The first use of the swastika dates all the way back to the Indus Valley civilization that existed some five thousand years ago. The swastika can be found worldwide in the art of multiple cultures like the Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Native Americans, Persians, and East Asians. Religiously, it can be found in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. In Korean Buddhism, the swastika, which is known as a Manja, is predominantly left-facing, while the Nazi swastika is right- facing.Meaning of the Manja/Swastika
The word “swastika” is a transliteration of the Sanskrit word “svastika.” The word is a compound word. “Su/sv” means “good or auspicious” in English, while “asti” means “it is.” And “ka” is simply a diminutive suffix.” So put together, swastika means “it is good” or “all is well” in English.
It’s common to see the swastika at the beginning of Buddhist texts much like in Hinduism. In Buddhist texts, this symbol is meant to represent universal harmony, prosperity, good luck, the dharma, long life, and the eternal. Different forms of Buddhism throughout the world have different meanings associated with the swastika symbol. It’s common to find a left-facing swastika imprinted on the chest, feet, or palms of the Buddha. It’s synonymous with the dharma wheel and the turning of the wheel. More generally, the shape symbolizes the eternal cycle of Samsara which is a core tenet of Buddhism.The Daeung-jeon Hall at Daewonsa Temple in Sancheong, Gyeongsangnam-do. The Manja adorning the Daeung-jeon Hall at Samgwangsa Temple in Busanjin-gu, Busan.
The word for the swastika in Korean is Manja – 만자. The Manja is commonly used to represent the whole of creation, and the word literally means “The character for ten thousand.” Why is the number ten thousand so important? Well, “Man – 만” is a transliteration of the Chinese Character for “wàn” in Mandarin. This character variant, which is known as Hanja in Korean, has the meaning of “myriad, “all” or “eternity.” So “Man” is a homonym for both “ten thousand” and “myriad;” and hence the connection between the two words is formed.
In Sanskrit, Manja is referred to as Srivatsalksana. And while there are four different ways that this word can be expressed in Sanskrit, the most common is Srivatsa. Srivatsa, or Gilsanghuiseon (길상희선) or Gilsanghaeun (길상해운) in Korean, refers to one of the Samsipisang (삼십이상). The Samsipisang are the thirty-two marks of excellence that could be found on Seokgamoni-bul’s (The Historical Buddha) body. From his head to his toes, the Buddha was covered in these thirty-two marks of distinction.Thousands of colourful lanterns during Buddha’s Birthday Celebrations at Samgwangsa Temple. Korean Temples
So where exactly can you find the Manja at a Korean Buddhist temple or hermitage? Well, you can find them pretty much everywhere. In fact, when you’re looking to find a temple or hermitage on a Korean map, the map symbol that demarcates a temple say from a museum is a Manja. As for the temple itself, you can find a Manja pretty much anywhere and everywhere, including temple shrine halls and Buddhist artwork. Some of the more common places to find a Manja is the ornamental painting atop the roof of a main hall. Another place you can find the Manja is adorning the chest of a painting dedicated to the Buddha or in the clothes that a Bodhisattva might be wearing.Manja Examples
There are a countless amount of great examples of the Manja throughout the Korean peninsula. The Manja is especially prominent during Buddha’s Birthday celebrations in Korea. Here are just a few specific examples that you can find of the Manja at Korean Buddhist temples. The roof of the Daeung-jeon Hall at Samgwangsa Temple in Busanjin-gu, Busan, and the Daeung-jeon Hall at Daewonsa Temple in Sancheong, Gyeongsangnam-do. There’s also a large Manja on the ceiling of the Cheonwangmun Gate as you pass through the entry gate at Jangansa Temple in Gijang-gun, Busan. There’s a beautiful white Manja that adorns the chest of Jeseok-bul in the centre of the Chilseong (Seven Stars) mural at Naewonsa Temple in Sancheong, Gyeongsangnam-do. And the Manja symbol can be found on the feet of the large bronze statue of the Reclining Buddha at Manbulsa Temple in Yeongcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do. As you can see, the architectural and artistic examples are nearly limitless.The Manja on the chest of Jeseok-bul in the Chilseong (Seven Star) mural inside the Samseong-gak Hall at Naewonsa Temple in Sancheong, Gyeongsangnam-do. The copper feet of the Reclining Buddha at Manbulsa Temple in Yeongcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do. Conclusion
So the next time you’re looking for a temple on a map, or you’re in fact at a Korean Buddhist temple and looking around at the architecture and artwork, you’ll know that the Manja has nothing to do with the Nazis. Context is everything! In fact, when you see a Manja at a Korean Buddhist temple, you’ll now know that it’s meant to be a symbol for good fortune and auspiciousness. So while the symbol of the swastika has been associated for too long with hate and the Nazis; hopefully, slowly but surely, it’ll be reclaimed for something far more beautiful and peaceful. And perhaps one of those vehicles for change towards peace and beauty can start at a Korean Buddhist temple.
In this lesson we'll learn some useful information related to making a phone call in Korean. If you visit Korea for an extended amount of time, you'll probably want to make a phone call somewhere once or twice.
There will be 100 episodes in this series, so we're now already at 97% completion.
Remember that this course goes in order, so I recommend starting from the first episode - even if you've already learned a few of these lessons already. Everything is designed to let you follow from one lesson to another, without any learning gaps.
The post Billy Go’s Beginner Korean Course | #97: Making a Phone Call appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.—
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Sunday I did an Advanced lesson about a few grammar forms.
We learned about 법이다, 기 (or 게) 마련이다, and how they're different. These are both Advanced Level forms in that they can compliment other advanced level sentences, although they're not difficult to conjugate or use.—
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This posts contains affiliate links. I receive a percentage of sales, if you purchase the item after clicking on an advertising link at no expense to you. This will help keep the website running. Thanks, as always, for your support!Temple History
Borisa Temple is located on the northeast side of Mt. Namsan (494 m) in the historic town of Gyeongju. The name of the temple means “Awakening Enlightenment Temple” or “Bodhi Temple” in English. It’s believed that the temple was first established in 886 A.D., during the 12th year of King Heongang of Silla’s reign (875-886 A.D.). The founder of the temple is unknown. Not only is Borisa Temple the largest Buddhist temple on Mt. Namsan, but it also falls administratively under the famed Bulguksa Temple.
In fact, Borisa Temple is mentioned in the historic Samguk Yusa (Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms). The 13th century text discusses the location of the tombs of King Heongang of Silla and King Jeonggang of Silla (r. 886-887 A.D.) in proximity to Borisa Temple, when it states that the tombs are on the “southeast side of Borisa Temple.” This further highlights the rich and long history of the Silla-era temple.
Beyond this, unfortunately, not much of the temple history is known. And for a long time, Borisa Temple was abandoned. It isn’t until the 20th century, in 1911, that the temple was reconstructed by the monk Bak Beok-eum. And in 1932, the temple became a place for nuns under the guidance of Nam Beop-myeong. In 1980, the present Daeung-jeon Hall was constructed.
The temple is home to one Korean Treasure. It’s a bit of a head-scratcher as to why it’s not a National Treasure. It’s the Stone Seated Buddha of Mireuk-gol Valley of Namsan Mountain, Gyeongju, which is Korean Treasure #136.Temple Layout
After passing by the Jong-ru (Bell Pavilion) that stands to your left up a side-winding road, you’ll enter the main temple courtyard at Borisa Temple. Straight ahead of you is the large Daeung-jeon Hall. The main hall is backed by a beautiful, lush forest of twisted red pines and bamboo. And the exterior walls to the Daeung-jeon Hall are adorned with colourful Palsang-do (The Eight Scenes from the Buddha’s Life Murals). As for the interior, there is a beautiful golden altar. And resting on this main altar is a triad centred by Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). This statue is joined on either side by Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power). The triad is then backed by a beautiful golden relief and a large golden canopy overhead. And if you look closely, you’ll notice Bicheon (Flying Heavenly Deities) floating around the golden main altar. To the left of the main altar is a shrine where you’ll find a stunning statue dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). Jijang-bosal is wearing a beautiful golden robe, and he’s backed by a stunning mural of himself in the company of the Siwang (The Ten Kings of the Underworld). And to the right of the main altar you’ll find a vibrant Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural).
In front of the Daeung-jeon Hall is a three-story stone pagoda. To the right of the Daeung-jeon Hall is the temple’s office and dorms. To the left of the main hall, and situated under three large, red pines, is the beautiful Samseong-gak Hall. The exterior walls are adorned with paintings of the Sinseon (Taoist Immortals) and a white tiger. As for the interior, there are three impressive murals inside of the three most popular shaman deities. In the centre hangs a mural dedicated to Chilseong (The Seven Stars). To the right hangs a mural dedicated to Dokseong (The Lonely Saint), and to the left hangs a mural dedicated to Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit). If you take a close enough look at the Sanshin mural, you’ll notice the glowing, golden eyes of the tiger that accompanies the Mountain Spirit in the mural.
Finally, and probably the main reason you’ve traveled to Borisa Temple, there’s the Stone Seated Buddha of Mireuk-gol Valley of Namsan Mountain, Gyeongju. This statue is located to the rear of the Samseong-gak Hall. The total height of the statue is 4.36 metres, with just the Buddha itself being 2.44 metres in height. The face of the Buddha smiles with half-closed eyes. And the clothes that it wears covers his shoulders and hangs down loosely. The right hand is placed on the knee, and the left is placed on the belly, which is reminiscent of the Touching the Earth mudra. The statue is backed by a beautiful nimbus that’s made separately from the statue. It’s adorned with carvings of heavenly flowers and vines. It’s unknown as to the identity of this Buddha statue. It could be Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha), Birojana-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy) or Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). On the back side of the Nimbus, in thin lines, is an image of Yaksayeorae-bul (The Medicine Buddha, and the Buddha of the Eastern Paradise). Overall, the statue is beautifully preserved. The statue is believed to date back to Later Silla (668 – 935 A.D.), and it’s Korean Treasure #136. Again, why it’s not a National Treasure is beyond me.How To Get There
From the Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal, you’ll need to take a taxi. Because the temple is relatively close to the bus terminal, the ride should only cost you about 8,000 won.Overall Rating: 8/10
Without a doubt, the reason you’ve traveled all the way to Borisa Temple is to see the Stone Seated Buddha of Mireuk-gol Valley of Namsan Mountain, Gyeongju. It’s a beautiful example of Later Silla Buddhist artistry at its height. In addition to this Korean Treasure, you can also enjoy the ornate interior of the Daeung-jeon Hall and the golden eyed tiger painted alongside Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit). And the entire temple is surrounded by the lush mountain forest of Mt. Namsan. It’s something not to be missed.The Daeung-jeon Hall at Borisa Temple. The ornate main altar inside the Daeung-jeon Hall. The shrine dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife) to the left of the main altar. The Samseong-gak Hall at Borisa Temple. The Chilseong (Seven Stars) mural inside the Samseong-gak Hall. The golden eyed tiger inside the Sanshin (Mountain Spirit) mural. The amazing Later Silla statue, which is Korean Treasure #136. It’s known as Stone Seated Buddha of Mireuk-gol Valley of Namsan Mountain, Gyeongju. A better look. The backside of the nimbus with the faint image of Yaksayeorae-bul (The Medicine Buddha). And the view that the statue gets to enjoy of Gyeongju.
This is a video for Advanced Level speakers.
What's the strangest, or most uncommon counter word that you know? Most of these are... well, useless in regular speech. But as a teacher I've come across them used before. Some are actually useful at certain times, despite also being very common.
Do you know any others that I missed? Let me know in the comments here or under the video.—
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