Worldbridges Megafeed

Interview - PARASITE translator Darcy Paquet

Koreabridge - Tue, 2020-11-17 09:18


About Darcy: 

Darcy Paquet  is an American film critic, university lecturer, author and actor. In 2011, Paquet was awarded the Korea Film Reporters Association Award at the 15th Busan International Film Festival for his contributions in introducing Korean cinema to the world. In 2014, he created the Wildflower Film Awards to give recognition to Korean indie films. In 2019 he served as translator for the English subtitles of the film Parasite by Bong Joon-ho.




Interview - PARASITE translator Darcy Paquet
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

2020 Liquid Arts Network 72 Hour Film Festival - November 19-22 @ HQ

Koreabridge - Sat, 2020-11-14 02:17

The 2020 Liquid Arts Network 72 Hour Film Festival is now taking submissions from both teams and individuals who’d like to participate. Every year, this always turns out to be a fun event and the HQ Bar hosts the event with great care and flair. No experience necessary. And maybe none is better! Veteran writers, actors, editors, producers, and fashion artists and more can find a way to contribute to a team.

Start your registration by clicking on the event and complete it on November 19th by coming to the bar to pay your team fee of 10 bucks (all money to prizes) and pick up your super secret prompts that you must include in the film.

It’s still not too late in the year to do something fun and creative with great camaraderie. Best and Better.
Facebook Event Page:

 #72hourfilmfestival #72hours #shortfilmfestival #busan #southkorea #lifeinkorea #영화 #liquidartsnetwork #makingmovies #biff #bisff

2020 Liquid Arts Network 72 Hour Film Festival - November 19-22 @ HQ
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Chilseong-gak – The Seven Stars Hall: 칠성각

Koreabridge - Thu, 2020-11-12 23:25
Chilseong-gak – The Seven Stars Hall: 칠성각 Chilseong at Dongnimsa Temple in Gimhae, Gyeongsangnam-do.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Another popular shaman deity that you can find at a Korean Buddhist temple is Chilseong, or “The Seven Stars,” in English. Chilseong is Taoist in origins. Originally, Chilseong governed human affairs and fortunes. Unlike Sanshin who has maintained its shamanic independence, Chilseong has been thoroughly absorbed into Buddhism as each of the seven stars in the constellation have ascended to Bodhisattva status. Even Bukseong, “The North Star,” in English, the figure with the large elongated head that’s usually situated in the top corner of the Chilseong mural, is a Bodhisattva, as well.

Chilseong at Ssanggyesa Temple in Hadong, Gyeongsangnam-do.Chilseong at Jikjisa Temple in Gimcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do.Chilseong at Beopjusa Temple in Boeun, Chungcheongbuk-do.

You can find Chilseong in a few locations at a Korean Buddhist temple. Most commonly, you can find Chilseong inside the Samseong-gak Hall alongside other popular shaman deities like Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit), Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) and/or Yongwang (The Dragon King). Because Chilseong is a celestial deity, Chilseong takes up the central location on the main altar inside a Samseong-gak Hall, which is elevated above the earthly deities like Sanshin and Yongwang. Other places that you can find Chilseong is inside a Chilseong-gak Hall all by itself.

Specifically, Chilseong is prayed to for the birth of a baby, passing a school exam, wealth, long life, and/or the protection of young children. In appearance, Chilseong is known for the magnificent light that radiates forth from every part of its body. Even though it’s one deity, Chilseong appears as seven individual figures. Chilseong’s appearance depends on the artistic goal of the painter, so Chilseong can look shamanic, Buddhist, Taoist, or Confucian. In the centre of the Chilseong mural, you’ll see Jaeseok-cheon, or the “Heaven King Deity,” in English. Jaeseok-cheon is the manager of heaven. Jaeseok-cheon appears surrounded by the seven star figures. And on either side of Jaeseok-cheon you’ll find Ilgwang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Sun) and Wolgwang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Moon). Ilgwang-bosal holds a red orb in its hands, while Wolgwang-bosal holds a white orb in its hands.

The Bukgeuk-jeon Hall at Anyangam Hermitage at Tongdosa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.The signboard and Gwimyeon above the entry of the Bukgeuk-jeon Hall at Anyangam Hermitage.Inside the amazing Bukgeuk-jeon Hall at Anyangam Hermitage.

A great example of Chilseong can be found at Anyangam Hermitage on the Tongdosa Temple grounds. The Chilseong-gak Hall at Anyangam Hermitage was originally the only building at the hermitage when it was first constructed in 1295. At that time it was called the Bukgeuk-jeon Hall. It was only later that Anyangam Hermitage was reconstructed in 1865. During this time, the Geukrak-jeon Hall, the Sanshin/Dokseong-gak Hall and monks’ dorms were built. As for the Chilseong-gak Hall, it has a fierce Gwimyeon (Monster Mask) over the front door scaring off evil spirits. Stepping inside the hall, and above the main altar, you’ll find intricate dragon murals, painted Bicheon (Flying Heavenly Deities) singing the praises of Chilseong, and even more Gwimyeon. But the main highlight of this hall are the modern murals depicting the seven distinct stars of Chilseong. There’s a beautiful juxtaposition between the modern paintings of Chilseong contrasted by the historic hall and the murals that adorn its interior walls.

Other great examples of Chilseong can be found at Beopjusa Temple in Boeun, Chungcheongbuk-do; Dongnimsa Temple in Gimhae, Gyeongsangnam-do; Gunwi Grotto in Gunwi, Gyeongsangbuk-do; Hwaeomsa Temple in Gurye, Jeollanam-do; Jikjisa Temple in Gimcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do; Ssanggyesa Temple in Hadong, Gyeongsangnam-do; Uigoksa Temple in Jinju, Gyeongsangnam-do; and Woljeongsa Temple in Pyeongchang, Gangwon-do.

So if you want to live a long life or to have a child, you should try to find Chilseong at a Korean Buddhist temple. This shaman deity is very popular, so it shouldn’t be too hard to find the seven ornate images of the Seven Stars.

Chilseong at Gunwi Grotto in Gunwi, Gyeongsangbuk-do.Chilseong at Hwaeomsa Temple in Gurye, Jeollanam-do.Chilseong at Uigoksa Temple in Jinju, Gyeongsangnam-do.Chilseong at Woljeongsa Temple in Pyeongchang, Gangwon-do.


Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Liquid Sound Podcast: CeCe Kim

Koreabridge - Tue, 2020-11-10 03:00
Liquid Sound Podcast: CeCe Kim


CeCe Kim, a vocalist and a voice actor currently based out of Seoul, joins host Gino Brann for a wide-ranging conversation about what it’s like to sing in different languages, accidentally stealing from your heroes, tortured artist energy, her career as a voice actor, and lots more. They also listen to her music and perform one of her songs live in the studio.


Songs featured:

• "Cake" by CeCe Kim

• "Poison" by Zelda and the Lions

• "Chocolate (Live)" by CeCe Kim


Find and follow CeCe on these channels:

• Soundcloud:

• Youtube:

• Bandcamp:

• Instagram: @mmmielsauvage


•Created and produced by Gino Brann (@ginobrann)

•Artwork by Jeongmin Lee (@mintheelephant)

•Intro music: "Me? Oui!" by Gino Brann

•Outro music: "Forever" by Jen Sotham


Liquid Sound, in cooperation with the Liquid Arts Network, is recorded at the Liquid Arts Network Studio, Oryukdo, Busan, South Korea.








The Liquid Arts Network seeks to create a global community for artists. Showcasing everything from poetry, art, film, music and performance, Liquid Arts events are a mosaic of blossoming talent. 

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Grading celebrities speaking in Korean

Koreabridge - Mon, 2020-11-09 18:23
Grading celebrities speaking in Korean

Lately it's becoming more and more common to hear celebrities speaking in Korean, in movies or TV shows.

As a Korean teacher, I'm always happy when I come across these sort of clips.

But how good is their Korean really? Are they pronouncing things accurately, and are their sentences grammatically correct?

In this video I dig into the Korean of Jim Carrey, Blackpink's Lisa, and Lupita Nyong'o.

Who else would you like to learn about? Let me know in the comments on the video, or here~

The post Grading celebrities speaking in Korean appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.




Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

LTW: Owner of Samsung Group passes away

Koreabridge - Wed, 2020-10-28 12:49
LTW: Owner of Samsung Group passes away
Good morning,

The richest man in Asia, Samsung CEO Lee Kun-hee faded away at 78 on Oct 25. Born in 1942, he was the third son of Lee Byung-chull who founded Samsung in 1938, and became the CEO of the company in 1987 following his father's death. Kun-hee is credited with transforming tiny Samsung with 10 trillion Won in sales ($8.3B) at the time he inherited the company, into now 400 trillion Won ($335B) mighty Samsung, the largest manufacturing company in Asia ahead of Toyota, representing 20.4% of whole S.Korean GDP in 2018. To instill a quality mind in employees’ heads, he had 150K defect cell phones torched . To have employees change their business attitude, he ordered his managers to “change everything except your wife and kids.” To support his nation to win the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics, he toured the world to persuade many voting IOC members. Lee Kun-hee will be succeeded by his only son, Lee Jay-yong, 52, who has been leading Samsung since Kun-hee went into coma six years ago after myocardial infarction.

While Lee Kun-hee has been successful in new business ventures, he failed miserably in one area; the auto industry. Known car maniac whose hobby is to collect super cars, Lee announced a plan in 1995 to build Samsung Motors with 250K units per year capacity in Busan. The first model, Nissan Maxima based SM5 sedan, began to roll off the line in 1998. Bad luck as it coincided with Asian Crisis, forcing Lee to sell Samsung Motors to Renault at a fire sale price in 2000. Thank God. A Korean woman stopped short of stepping into the fashion industry despite her large collection of Louis Vuitton and Prada handbags. 


Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

American North Korea Policy under the Next President 2: Trump – He will just Drop North Korea

Koreabridge - Sun, 2020-10-25 01:26
American North Korea Policy under the Next President

This is the second part of a series for The National Interest on North Korea policy under the next president. Here is my first essay on Biden and North Korea.

I am of the school that says Trump’s outreach to North Korea was a great big nothingburger. More dovish analysts will tell you that there was a window there for a few years (2018-2019) to forge a deal. I don’t buy that, mostly because of Trump himself – his laziness, disinterest, unwillingness to prepare, and so on.

Instead I think Trump went into this solely for the symbolic imagery and a Nobel Peace Prize. Obama won a Nobel. Trump loathes Obama, so he had to get one too. I think it’s really as simple as that. That’s why there was no deal. The Trump team had not thought through the concessions which would be necessary to strike a deal. The North Koreans were going to ask for way more than just sanctions relief. Trump had nothing greater to offer – and bureaucratic resistance at home would have fought a serious concession like a US drawdown.

So my prediction for Trump and North Korea in a second Trump term is that he will do nothing. Trump has the pictures he wanted. He won’t get a Nobel, and he won’t fight the battles in Washington to offer concessions which NK might actually go for.

The full essay follows the jump:



If Donald Trump is re-elected, the possibilities for his Korea policy are wide open. Were Joe Biden elected, we can expect a fairly establishmentarian approach. Biden has already signaled a traditional hawkishness on North Korea – alliance reassurance, no summits with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, no Trumpian claims to a unique personal relationship with Kim, and so on. With Trump, as so often, unpredictability reigns. I see broad two possibilities:

1. Trump goes a for a deal with his ‘friend’ Kim Jong Un.

Trump and his team have hinted here and there this year that a re-elected Trump would strike a deal with Kim. The logic here is that Trump will be free from re-election pressures and can express himself more fully in a second term. And that Trump wants a deal because he deeply craves the expected adulation, including a Nobel Prize Peace perhaps, and cares little for the Korean peninsula. So he would comfortably sign even a balance-negative deal for the exciting imagery of a breakthrough on a long-standing problem.

A corollary of this approach is that Trump is a nationalist retrencher at heart. He would gladly trade away US Forces Korea for a deal with Kim, and if the South Koreans and US foreign policy community do not like it, well, who cares. Trump does not listen to foreigners or the American Deep State; he defends America First.

This describes a maximalist Trumpism, where Trump genuinely follows through on his transactional foreign policy impulses to abandon US allies as troublesome free-riders and cut deals with dictators whom he somewhat admires for their unchecked authority.

The problem with this scenario is that Trump would run into a wall of bureaucratic resistance in Washington, DC. Official Washington strongly supports the US alliance network. A bad deal with North Korea, particularly one which abandoned South Korea, would spark massive resistance in Congress, the Defense and State Departments, and the wider foreign policy community of think-tanks and analysts focused on East Asia. The criticism on US op-ed pages would be crushing, just as it was throughout 2018 and 2019 when Trump met Kim the first time. Then Trump’s efforts were widely derided as photo-op diplomacy, and in Hanoi in 2019, Trump admitted that he abjured a deal in part because of the domestic criticism he would face.

It is worth recalling that President Jimmy Carter also tried to pull USFK out of South Korea and collided with widespread resistance. In time, he simply gave up and only 3,000 US soldiers were withdrawn. A Trump deal with North Korea – likely burdened by the widespread perception that it is a bad deal struck solely out of Trump’s lust for publicity and a Nobel – would be met with the same fierce resistance. Trump, notorious for his laziness and inability to stay focused on issues over the long term, likely does not have the focus and self-discipline to fight a protracted battle with the rest of Washington.

2. Trump simply ignores Korea as not worth the trouble.

Given that Trump probably does not want to fight alone against the entire Washington establishment over a mid-size issue like Korea – if only because it is too much work for someone who would rather watch TV or surf Twitter – my sense is that he will simply drop the issue as he already has for the last year or so.

Perhaps he will have a summit with Kim, but at this point we know that these are not meaningful. They do not cap a long process of bureaucratic work with a treaty – as, for example, the Camp David Accords of 1978 did. Instead, Trump-Kim summits are better described as made-for-TV visits. So if Trump meets Kim again in 2021, without the requisite preparation yet again (which is likely), that summit will be irrelevant despite the inevitable hyperventilating TV coverage.

In the end, nothing much will happen here, just as nothing much happened here during the first Trump term. For all of Trump’s threats and then blandishments toward North Korea, the empirical situation on the ground in Korea is unchanged, as is US force structure in the region (and that of the two Koreas too). Maybe Trump will actually put some teeth on his Korean sound and fury, but so far, it has signified nothing, and it seems safe to predict that in the future too.

Robert E Kelly
Assistant Professor
Department of Political Science & Diplomacy
Pusan National University



About Me

About this Blog



Terms and Abbreviations

What I am Reading Now




Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Halloween event 2020 from BGN Eye Hospital

Koreabridge - Thu, 2020-10-22 08:21

Halloween 2020 is coming up and BGN Eye Hospital prepared some special treats for you!!

-200.000 KRW DISCOUNT for ReLEx SMILE surgery

-FREE post-surgery eye drops (100.000 KRW worth!)

-FREE eye examination

A Quick ONE DAY Recovery with BGN SMILE! Only 2 mm micro-incision with minimum corneal damage, no flap and the fastest recovery, so you can get back to work and normal life right on the next day! BGN Eye Hospital is equipped with the most advanced technology by the lead manufacturer Zeiss currently used in SMILE surgery. A combination of our technology and highly skilled professionals employed by our clinic has allowed us to claim over 400,000 successful vision correction surgery cases so far.

This is definitely the chance to get your clear vision! Don`t miss this opportunity to get maximum discount for SMILE surgery!

For booking an appointment and free consultation please refer to the following details:

Phone: 010-7670-3995 kakao: eye1004bgnbusan



KakaoTalk_20201015_164341818_01.jpg Halloween event 2020 from BGN Eye Hospital
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

2020 Korean Population and Housing Census

Koreabridge - Thu, 2020-10-15 03:59


What is the Population and Housing Census?

The Population and Housing Census surveys all Koreans and foreigners residing in Korea and also their housing. Similar censuses are conducted in most countries around the world. Foreign nationals having resided in Korea for three months or more are obligated to participate in the Census. The responses you provide will be strictly protected under the law and used solely for statistical purposes.

How to Participate in the Population and Housing Census?

<Online Census>

  • Access 2020 Population and Housing Census website
  • Click the green ‘Participate in the online Census’ button in the bottom
  • Enter the participation code
       *Your participation code will be sent to your home by mails
  • Mobile participation is also available

<Door-to-Door Interview>

  • If you did not or were unable to respond to the census online, census workers will visit your home

When to respond to the Population and Housing Census?

  • Online Census : 15th to 31st of October
  • Door-to-Door Interview : 1st to 18th of November

Is the data protected and kept safe?

Your responses to the census is strictly protected by Article 33(Protection of Secrets) of Statistics Act. Collected data will be used only to produce statistics.

The law ensures that your responses cannot be utilized against you by any government agency or court. Therefore, there will be no penalty imposed on undocumented immigrants for answering.

2020 Population and Housing Census

2020 人口住宅普查

Tổng điều tra dân số và nhà ở năm 2020

Всеобщая перепись населения 2020 года



2020 Korean Population and Housing Census
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

10 Fantastic ESL Games with Baamboozle

Koreabridge - Wed, 2020-10-14 12:19

I share 10 of the most popular activities and games for ESL learners.

Every game is on Baamboozle. These games can be played ONLINE or in REAL class. You can use a projector or play the games with your own resources. Baamboozle is free and a great resource for teachers!



10 Fantastic ESL Games with Baamboozle
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

My Top Seascape Locations in Korea

Koreabridge - Sat, 2020-10-10 05:45
My Top Seascape Locations in Korea

One of the luxuries that I have here in Ulsan is that I am minutes away from the ocean. Coming from Manitoba, Canada I am always amazed at the ocean as the closest thing that I got to it was a very large lake. Even after going to university on the shores of Lake Superior, it didn’t match the feeling that you get standing next to the Pacific Ocean.

Being that Korea is a peninsula, the question often comes up as to where to shoot. This is not as simple of a question as it sounds. Sure, you could just pick up your camera and head out to any spot along the ocean and take a shot. You might get something useful but it is better to go out and be prepared.

This is why I have put together a list of my favourite spots. Now, keep in mind that I live in Ulsan which puts me on the Eastern side of Korea. There are a number of great spots elsewhere in the country but these here are my absolutely favourite places.


I have talked a lot about Gampo recently and even in one of my podcasts but it really is one of my favourite places to go. The reason that this place is great for me is just the relative location to Ulsan and really how nice everything is out there. You have the rugged rocks and the variety of lighthouses as well. Not to mention that it is a short drive to Gyeongju as well.


Have a listen to my podcast about gampo and if you have time, please rate it for me. It really helps get the word out about this new side project.

Haedong Yonggunsa Temple

There is something quite amazing about a seascape with a buddhist temple in the frame. One of the few, if not the only place to see this would be at Haedong Yonggunsa. While it is a full on tourist attraction/ Buddhist temple, it does offer a great view and is perfect for sunrises. Do expect a lot of tourists, even at sunrise as this is a well known sunrise location and also with the Hilton hotel being just around the corner, you will have more people in the area at that time.

With all that being said, it is still a wonderful location to get that iconic view of the temple and the sunrise. This is also a great spot to use something like PhotoPills to see where the sun is rising from. Getting the sun as close to the temple along the water is a nice touch compositionally.


Just down the road from Haedong Yonggunsa is an interesting seaside shrine. Orangdae is easy to get to and provides some great photos for sunrises or throughout the day depending on the weather conditions.

Here, you can park right above the rocky outcropping what the shrine sits on and then all you have to do is just walk down to the shore and start snapping away. It doesn’t get much easier than that.

This is a popular spot with local photographers so you may have them getting a little too close comfort, so just keep your cool. Often a nod and a headshake will work to get them to give you some space. Often if you are set up early here, you might have some photographers set up so close to you that your tripod legs get crossed. Again, just keep your cool gesture for them to give some space.

Gyeongju Juseongjoli

This was an area that I stumbled across working on a travel piece for my other site, Ulsan Online. It is a unique place along the small highway up to Pohang. I feel that they slightly ruined it by adding the giant observatory and making it a “no drone zone” but that doesn’t change the fact that the rocks are really something to see.

Another great thing about this area is that you can walk along the shore and explore other parts of the coast. Further down from the Observatory that overlooks the fan-shaped formation there are tons of other interesting locations.


There are two areas of the same name within a relatively short distance. Both are great spots for seascape shots. However, I would note that the one in Ulsan is the better of the two, if you ask me. The reason being is that you have a little more area to work with and the park around the Ulsan Daewangahm is really quite nice.

The Gyeongju Daewangahm is also a decent area and is located very close to Gampo. It is not a bad location by any stretch of the imagination however, it just lacks a lot of interest for me. If the sky is boring then you are going to struggle with obtaining a lot of interest in the frame.


As you head up the coast there is one spot that I would say is a show stopper for sure. That is the hand statue at Homigot Sunrise Park. This photo works simply because… well it is a giant hand reaching out of the water. The classic shot is to get birds landing on the fingers and to have the sun in between the thumb and the forefinger but really I think that there is no wrong way to shoot this. Just be creative and find some new angles because the truth here is that it has been shot to death.

The bottomline here is that this is only a small portion of the seascape possibilities on just one side of Korea. Taking into account all of the islands and the coastal waters from Incheon down to Mokpo and Busan to Tongyeong, There are endless possibilities for jaw-dropping images.

The post My Top Seascape Locations in Korea appeared first on The Sajin.


Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

American North Korea Policy under the Next President 1: Biden–Traditional Washington Hawkishness

Koreabridge - Sun, 2020-09-27 00:52
American North Korea Policy under the Next President 1: Biden

This is a re-post of an essay I wrote for The National Interest recently. They’re running a good symposium on North Korea policy in the next presidential term: how would Trump and Biden differ? This was my submission on a possible Biden victory. My submission Trump is here.

Biden was the easier one to write. Biden is a pretty establishmentarian guy. He respects the foreign policy community. And as Obama’s vice president, we have his foreign policy thinking from that period too.

So it’s not too hard to predict that Biden will revert to a fairly traditional Washington hawkish approach – no more summits or public praising of Kim; working with allies; emphasizing sanctions enforcement and China. If this sounds really unimaginative – the same kind of old-hat you’ve heard from every hawkish North Korea analyst (including me) for decades – then you are right! It is the same old story, but that’s because our options on North Korea are terrible.

For all of Trump’s threats in 2017 and blandishments in 2018-19, he got nothing out of the North Koreans. Neither has SK President Moon Jae-In’s Sunshine Policy redux. So if it’s back to the future with Biden, I am not opposed to that.

The full essay follows the jump:



The most obvious element of the inter-Korean stand-off is its durability. Our human predilection is to look for change, so we often over-hype inter-Korean meetings, skirmishes on the border, North Korean weapons tests, South Korean elections, the movement of defectors, and so on. All of these things are important of course. They add color and perspective; they enrich our understanding of events and help us better track the choices the two Koreas make.

But the core stand-off is quite stable. North Korea and South Korea station tremendous force near their border, but both are deeply wary of friction igniting a second Korean war. They are, in the language of international relations theory, ‘status quo powers.’ Talks to reduce the stand-off have occurred repeatedly to no avail, and on the flips side, North Korea’s nuclearization in the last decade has not lead it to launch another unification war. North Korea is – somewhat surprisingly – stable, and so is the inter-Korean stand-off.

US President Donald Trump collided with this reality. Despite extremely hawkish rhetoric in 2017, followed by very dovish moves in 2018-2019, he changed nothing. His predecessor Barack Obama confronted this too, as did his predecessor, George W. Bush. In the end, most of them fell back on regional alliances – with South Korea and Japan – to continue the basic, long-running US approach to North Korea: deter, contain, isolate, and sanction. (Trump is dancing around the edges of this with his oblique threats against South Korea and his continuing praise of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, but this seems more Trumpian theatrics than real.) I think it is likely Biden will end up doing the same, particularly as he is a pretty establishmentarian figure.

To be more specific:

1. Biden will not meet Kim Jong Un, as Trump has.

Trump’s substance-free, photo-op diplomacy with Kim has spoiled the value of a face-to-face meeting between Kim and a US president, at least for awhile. At this late date, Trump’s outreach looks an awful lot like self-flattery and appeasement. Biden will try to be more clear-eyed and serious, and that means keeping some distance from Kim and generally acting tougher and less sycophantically than Trump. In this sense, Biden will be a return to the norm.

2. Biden will not remove US forces from South Korea, although he may restructure them.

Trump’s vague threats to pull out US Forces Korea – a big issue in South Korean national security circles at the moment – will abruptly end with his presidency. There is no real interest for this in Congress, the State or Defense Department, or the US foreign policy community. It appears to solely emanate from Trump’s personal disdain from South Korea.

More possible though is a restructuring of US forces. Bunched together in a few large bases like Osan or Humphreys, US service personnel are an attractive missile target. Ideas to restructure have been floating around for awhile.

3. Biden, like Obama and Bush before him, will reach out for some kind of deal; it will fail due to North Korean flim-flam; Biden will then fall back on local alliance relationships to manage North Korea.

Bush and Obama both tried to pin down North Korea into starter, manageable deals whose successful conclusion might open the door for further, larger negotiations. Both efforts failed, mostly due to North Korean hair-splitting and obfuscation. Biden will likely make a similar good faith effort for a smallish, reasonable deal – rather than Trump’s big bang, all-or-nothing approach. This will probably fail.

This does not mean Biden should not try. Try and try again we must; the issues are too important not to. But little empirically on the ground has changed in the last four years, and the many years before that. It is easy to imagine US policy simply snapping back to what it was pre-Trump.

Robert E Kelly
Assistant Professor
Department of Political Science & Diplomacy
Pusan National University



About Me

About this Blog



Terms and Abbreviations

What I am Reading Now




Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

LTW: Korean Super mom under criticism over interference after son's AWOL

Koreabridge - Mon, 2020-09-21 06:23
LTW: Korean Super mom under criticism over interference after son's AW

If to pick two celebrities with Choo as a family name, the first would be Choo Sin-soo in Texas Rangers who is doing O.K. with 5 HRs and 15 RBIs this season. The other would be Choo Mi-ae, the Justice Minister, who is in deep trouble over the suspicion she used her influence to cover his son's AWOL case. Choo's son serving as a KATUSA (Korean Augmentation to U.S. Army) had to return to his base after a sick leave on Jun 25, 2017, but failed to show up until the 9:00pm roll call. Panicked duty officer called Choo's son to arrive by 10:00pm or AWOL. The son replied he would, but did not come. Instead, a captain came to the duty officer, telling him not to report it as AWOL as Choo's son got a leave extension. The D.O blew the whistle in a TV interview lately that the "No AWOL" order was the behind the scene work of Choo who was the powerful chairwoman of the ruling party in 2017. Korean news media are reporting on Choo like what U.S. media did with O.J. Simpson. President Moon Jae-in is in a headache as Moon thinks no one can do better than Choo to reform the Prosecution Service the way he wants, while Moon's key pledge has been "Fairness with no privilege."

There are two well known AWOL cases in the U.S. Army in Korea. One was Sergeant Charles Jenkins who crossed DMZ to defect to North Korea in 1965. With hero's welcome in Pyongyang and marriage with an abducted Japanese woman, Jenkins worked as North Korea propaganda and English teacher until 2004 when he managed to escape to Japan with his wife after a deal between Japan and North Korea. The other was a KATUSA in the 80's. On Oct 9, 1983, North Korean agents detonated a bomb in Rangoon, then Burma, when President Chun Doo-hwan visited Aungsan National Cemetery. Chun barely escaped the bombing, but 17 of Chun's key cabinet members were killed. DEFCON 3 was issued around 2:00pm, ordering all military personnel to return to their post immediately. Oct 9 being a national holiday, the KATUSA thought DEFCON 3 was a joke , and kept doing what he was doing, mostly beer and soju with his civilian friends, returning to barracks around midnight. He was about to be reported as AWOL, and had to give 1,000 push-ups to his angry captain. He should have called his mommy for help.                                

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Seoknamsa Temple

Koreabridge - Sun, 2020-09-20 07:32
Seoknamsa Temple

There are days as a photographer where you need to take some time and just explore with your camera. No shot lists, no deadlines, just exploration. The other day, I was in such a bad mood that I needed to get out and visit Seoknamsa. It’s a temple that I have not been to in a while.

Seoknamsa sits at the foot of Gajisan Mountain, just outside of Ulsan. It was a place that I used to visit from time to time when I first arrived as the temple is the start to the epic drive over Gajisan Mountain. I would stop at the rest stop in front of the temple and make sure that my motorcycle could make it over the mountain.

Years later, the area has seen some upgrades but it still has the same look and feel as it did so many years ago. I am pretty sure that the people are running the shops that are selling everything from stew to alcohol with a phallic cap for “stamina” are probably the same people from 17 years ago.

Seoknamsa Temple in the Mist

I went out there to also check out the mountains and to see if they had started changing colours yet. Realizing that they are still a ways off, I decided to take a stroll up to the temple and clear my head. This is one of the nicer walks in the area, second only to Tongdosa just down the way.

As you walk up to the main temple area at Seoknamsa, you can hear the sounds of the rushing water through the canopy of green trees. I have heard of a term called “forest healing” but I never really experienced it. Walking up to the temple, it was like a weight had been lifted off my shoulders. I was simply walking with my camera and exploring not only the temple but my creativity as well.

As I approached the main temple area, I was greeted with the beauty of a waterfall and the sound of rushing water. The sights and sounds of this view need to be experienced at least once in a lifetime. As I approached the waterfalls, I noticed a bench next to the bridge, and I decided to have a seat and just sort of collect my thoughts there for a moment.

Don’t Rush

It is times like these that as photographers, we tend to rush our way through and click away. This day was different. I didn’t care if I came away with nothing to show, this day was for me. I wanted the landscape to tell me how to photograph it, if that makes any sense.

I slowly made my way up to the main temple area the sound of the rushing water seems to drown out any other sounds, especially those of the few middle-aged couples speaking far too loudly given the location. The sound of the water rushing past the front gate of the temple seemed to be amplified as walked along the edge of the temple walls.

It is on walks like this that you notice the little details like how the moss grows between the rocks on the wall at you approach the temple. You hear the birds in the trees and the sound of the sand or gravel crunch under your foot as you enter the main area of the temple.

With Seoknamsa, I typically start at the far end of the temple and work my way back to the gates. I do this because the area at the far end of the temple is elevated and offers a great view of the main temple area. One misty and rainy days, this will give you some wonderful shots.

Take Your Time Walking Back

Heading down the stairs behind the main hall, I wander along the paths between the temple buildings. I try to be as quiet as I can as I feel that this allows people to simply act normal and not focus on me taking pictures. Leaving the main temple area, I walk over the little bridge to the right as you leave the main gates of the temple. I follow the path back down to the main bridge exploring the different viewpoints along the way.

Back to the bridge, you can carefully venture down to the rocks to get a closer view of the waterfalls. This is where I spend a decent amount of time. On this particular occasion, I was wanting to capture some long exposure shots of the falls. So I used a 10-stop filter and took my time.

The shots at this time of day, even with the 10-stop filter on were relatively quick. For golden hour shots they can sometimes take up to 8 minutes but here it was around 50 seconds or so. It was a nice change and yielded some nice results.

Adding a Little Mystery

When I arrived home, I started editing these shots. I wasn’t expecting anything amazing but I after seeing the mist in the shots, I wanted to add something to them that created a certain mood. I found that the presets that I picked up from Peter McKinnon worked well.

These presets have a certain mood to them that can be a challenge to find a suitable subject. Here, they fit the mood perfectly. I was also surprised that Peter actually “liked” the post that I made on twitter about the shots. That was a nice way to end the day of creative exploration.

The bottomline here is that sometimes you just have to explore and see where the day takes you. The COVID outbreak has had a negative impact on my livelihood here. My classes have been cancelled and events have been indefinitely postponed. Meaning that I have more time than money these days. The stress of which cripples my creativity. Hence, the need to get out and relieve some stress.

The post Seoknamsa Temple appeared first on The Sajin.


Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Seonamsa Temple – 선암사 (Suncheon, Jeollanam-do)

Koreabridge - Wed, 2020-09-16 00:27
Seonamsa Temple – 선암사 (Suncheon, Jeollanam-do) The Picturesque Seungseon-gyo Bridge at Seonamsa Temple in Suncheon, Jeollanam-do.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Seonamsa Temple means “Immortals Rock Temple,” in English. The name of the temple is in reference to a flat rock west of the temple where Taoist monks used to play baduk (Go). Seonamsa Temple is located on the western side of Jogyesan Provincial Park. And both Seonamsa Temple and Jogyesan Provincial Park are located in Suncheon, Jeollanam-do just like its famous neighbour: Songgwangsa Temple. There are two competing foundation stories as to how Seonamsa Temple was first built. One states that the missionary monk Ado-hwasang built a hermitage that was named Biroam Hermitage (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy Hermitage) in the same location as present day Seonamsa Temple in 529 A.D. And the second story relates how later, in 875 A.D., Doseon-guksa (826-898 A.D.) built a large sized temple that he named Seonamsa Temple. The temple was rebuilt once more by Uicheon-guksa (1055-1101) during the early to mid Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392 A.D.). It was rebuilt at this time on a much larger scale.

During the Imjin War (1592-1598), Seonamsa Temple was completely destroyed by fire in 1597. After this destructive war, which saw Korea’s most famous temples destroyed, Seonamsa Temple was rebuilt over an eight year period under the supervision of the monks Gyeongjam, Gyeongjun, and Munjeong in 1660. The temple was expanded in 1698, by the monk Yakhyu-daesa, when the Wontong-jeon Hall was built. And in 1707, the Seungseon-gyo Bridge, for which Seonamsa Temple is aesthetically so well known, was first started to be built. Once more, a large number of buildings at Seonamsa Temple were destroyed by fire in 1759. As a result, a fifth reconstruction took place at the temple headed by the monks Sangwol and Seoak in 1761. In total, 551 workers were used to help rebuild this famous temple at this time. And for a sixth time, the temple needed to be rebuilt after a fire completely destroyed the temple in 1823. The rebuild started in 1824, and it was the Daeung-jeon Hall, the Myeongbu-jeon Hall, the Seolseon-dang hall, and the Simgeon-dang Hall that were rebuilt. In total, some three hundred monks helped contribute to this rebuild.

Seonamsa was chosen as one of the head temples of the Honam region (present day Jeollanam-do and Jeollabuk-do), when a thirty temple system was initiated by the Japanese Governor-General of Korea from 1910-1945. More recently, and in 1948, the temple was damaged during the Yeosu–Suncheon Rebellion (Oct. to Nov., 1948). The temple was further damaged by the Korean War (1950-1953). And sadly, some of the temple land was sold during land reforms in 1952. And since 1992, a large scale plan has been initiated to restore Seonamsa Temple to its original 11th century form.

Seonamsa Temple is the headquarters to the second largest Buddhist Order in Korea, the Taego Order, which consists of 3,100 temples. In total, Seonamsa Temple is home to fourteen Korean Treasures, one Historic Site, one Scenic Site, one Natural Monument, and one National Folklore Cultural Heritage. And alongside six other mountain temples, or Sansa, in Korean, Seonamsa Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

To get to Seonamsa Temple from the temple parking lot, you’ll first need to walk about a kilometre to the temple grounds. Along the way, you’ll come across budo-won (Stupa Fields) which are cemeteries for monks that once called Seonamsa Temple home. You’ll know that you’re getting closer to the temple, when you see two rainbow-shaped bridges to your left. The first of the two is the rather nondescript. But it’s from this first bridge that you get a great view of the beautiful Seungseon-gyo Bridge, which lies just a little further up the Seonamsa-cheon Stream. This beautiful bridge was completed in 1713 by the monk Hoan. It was built over a six year period, and it’s definitely one of the more beautiful bridges that you’ll find at a Buddhist temple in Korea. And if you look close enough, and under the base of the arching bridge, you’ll see a protective dragon statue. This dragon is meant to ward off evil spirits that might be attempting to enter the temple grounds through the meandering stream that runs next to Seonamsa Temple. It’s also from the stream bed that you get some amazing pictures of the bridge and stream in beautiful harmony. Seungseon-gyo Bridge is Korean Treasure #400.

The next site that you’ll come across at Seonamsa Temple is the Gangseon Pavilion. And just to the right, you’ll see a beautiful oval-shaped pond with an island of red spider lilies at its centre. Just a little further, and past this pond, and up a pretty good incline in the road, you’ll finally come to the Iljumun Gate at Seonamsa Temple. The current Iljumun Gate at Seonamsa Temple dates back to 1719, after the original was destroyed by fire in 1540. Interestingly, and if you look close enough at the tablets that adorn the backside of the Iljumun Gate, you’ll see that the Hanja (Sino-Korean characters) mean “water” and “sea/ocean” that are written on them. This was done to help prevent fires from burning down the temple like they had done so often before in Seonamsa Temple’s long history.

After passing through the Iljumun Gate, or the “One Pillar Gate,” in English, you’ll come to the overly commercialized part of the temple near the Manse-ru Pavilion. There are walls of needless knick-knacks crammed around this pavilion. To the right, between the two gates, is the temple’s rather unassuming Beomjong-ru (Bell Pavilion).

Passing under the Manse-ru Pavilion, you’ll suddenly find yourself in the main temple courtyard with the Daeung-jeon Hall front and centre. In front of the main hall are two three-story stone pagodas. Both pagodas date back to the 9th century, and they’re simplistic in design. The Later Silla-era pagodas are also Korean Treasure #395. These two pagodas beautifully framed the Daeung-jeon Hall. The exterior walls to the Daeung-jeon Hall are plain except for the traditional dancheong colours that adorn it. Housed inside the Daeung-jeon Hall is a solitary seated statue of Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). The Daeung-jeon Hall dates back to 1824, and it’s Korean Treasure #1311.

To the right of the Daeung-jeon main hall is the Jijang-jeon Hall. This hall is dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). Sitting on the main altar of this shrine hall is a green haired seated statue of Jijang-bosal. This central statue is joined on both sides by statues and paintings of the Shiwang (The Ten Kings of the Underworld).

Through a path that leads past the Jijang-jeon Hall, and emerging on the other side and on an upper terrace, you’ll find five additional shrine halls. The first of the five is the Palsang-jeon Hall. This hall is believed to date back to the 18th century. And there are ten statues on the main altar centred by Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). These statues are backed by copies of eight original Palsang-do (The Eight Scenes from the Buddha’s Life Murals). Next to the Palsang-jeon Hall, and to the left, is the Buljo-jeon Hall. Inside this hall are rows of both paintings and statues of the Buddha. Between these two halls, and up on a little ledge, is the Wontong-jeon Hall. This hall was first constructed in 1660, and it’s dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). The statue inside the Wontong-jeon Hall is both beautiful and ornate.

Next to the Buljo-jeon Hall is the Josa-jeon Hall, which houses eight paintings of monks who once called Seonamsa Temple home. This hall stands next to a beautiful lotus pond. Past the shrubbery, and out on the other side, you’ll find the Samseong-gak Hall. Housed inside this shaman shrine hall is a Sanshin (Mountain Spirit) mural with a cartoonish-looking tiger keeping the Mountain Spirit company.

Admission to the temple is 2,000 won.

HOW TO GET THERE: You’ll first need to get to the Suncheon Jonghap Bus Terminal (순천종합버스터미널). From this bus terminal, you’ll need to take either Bus #1 or Bus #16 to get to the Seonamsa Temple bus stop. Once you’ve arrived at the stop, you’ll need to walk for about a kilometre up the forested trail.

OVERALL RATING: 8.5/10. Just for the sheer number of cultural artifacts and Korean Treasures, Seonamsa Temple quickly becomes a must. However, when you look more carefully, you’ll find that Seonamsa Temple is home to the stunning Seungseon-gyo Bridge, the beautiful Wontong-jeon Hall, and the historic Iljumun Gate with interesting inscriptions on it. And when you think that Songgwangsa Temple is just over the mountain, you’ll need to find time in your schedule to visit Seonamsa Temple.

Seungseon-gyo Bridge welcomes you to the temple grounds at Seonamsa Temple.The Iljumun Gate.The Daeung-jeon Hall.Inside the Daeung-jeon Hall with a look at Seokgamoni-bul.The twin Later Silla-era pagodas that are Korean Treasure #395.A look inside the Jijang-jeon Hall.The Palsang-jeon Hall.An amazing look inside the Palsang-jeon Hall.A look up at the Wontong-jeon Hall at Seonamsa Temple.One last look at Seonamsa Temple.


Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

An Interview with BGN Eye Hospital Leading Ophthalmologist Dr. Kang Jeong Yeop

Koreabridge - Fri, 2020-09-11 09:09
An Interview with BGN Eye Hospital Leading Ophthalmologist Dr. Kang

Let`s learn more about Laser Vision Correction directly from  
BGN Eye Hospital leading ophthalmologist Dr. Kang Jeong Yeop.
Today we will have an interview with doctor Kang and ask the most common questions about Laser Vision Correction.

- Hello Doctor Kang, one of the first questions that bothers our patients is " Am I a candidate for a Laser Vision Correction"?
- Hello guys, First of all we should consider patient`s age, general health, lens prescription, eyes health and stable cornea condition. Ideal patient should be over 18 years old, has no eye disease and good corneal condition. Laser Vision Correction can be done for patients with nearsightedness up to -9 diopters, astigmatism up to -5 diopters and hyperopia up to +4 to 5 diopters.

- Thank you D. Kang. Also are there any health conditions or restrictions for Laser Vision Correction?
Laser Vision correction is not recommended for pregnant woman, patients with cornea diseases such as keratoconus or patients over 45 years old because of Presbyopia.

-I see, doctor Kang. I know that there are several types of Laser Vision Correction (LASIK,LASEK,SMILE). Can patient choose preferred type of the surgery himself?
- Good question. On condition that after overall examination patient does not have any medical restrictions and cornea condition is good, patient may choose type of the Laser Vision Correction himself.

- That`s great news! Also I have heard about ReLEx SMILE - the newest type of Laser Vision Correction. Doctor Kang, so what is so special about SMILE surgery?
ReLEx SMILE is a mini-invasive surgery designed to treat nearsightedness and astigmatism. Traditional LASIK surgery involves creating a flap on the cornea, before using excimer laser to reshape the cornea. With ReLEx SMILE, no corneal flap is required, as femto-laser Visumax forms lenticula disc inside the cornea, which is removed through the tiny 2 mm incision on the upper layer of the cornea. As there is no flap involved cornea is stable and none of the complications with flap are involved.

-Thank you Doctor Kang! So could you please describe a perfect candidate for the SMILE surgery?
Perfect candidate for SMILE surgery is someone with stable cornea condition, myopia up to -9 diopters, or astigmatism up to -4 diopters.

- I see and who may not be a candidate?
Patients with hyperopia may not be a candidate for SMILE as well as patients with myopia over 9 diopters. If you would like to check if you are a candidate for SMILE or other types of Laser Vision Correction book a consultation with us and visit BGN!

Currently BGN Eye Hospital is offering free LASIK examination and consultation for everyone who would like to get rid of the glasses and contact lenses. As well, as Fall discounts up to 150,000 KRW that are valid until the 30th of November.

To book a consultation at BGN please contact them at direct line
Kakao: eye1004bgnbusan 
Facebook : eyehospitalinkorea
or email:


Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Exploring Gampo: A Hidden Gem

Koreabridge - Sat, 2020-09-05 08:13
Exploring Gampo: A Hidden Gem

For a while, I was seeing some amazing photos of these rocky formations out at sea. I had always assumed that they were further up the coast around Samcheok or somewhere like that. It seemed that many Korean photographers knew about these places and I was at a loss to try and find out where they were.

Then a fellow photographer named Brian Kim, introduced me to this area near Gyeongju a few years ago. It was amazing and also perfect for my side project photographing lighthouses. The area was located in front of the Songdaemal Lighthouse in the small village of Gampo.

A Peaceful Place

One of the first things that I noticed about Gampo was the fact that it was so quiet in the mornings. It was a place that I usually catch the sunrise and at that time, there are usually very few people around. If there are, they are usually tucked in behind a camera too.

Small villages like this are something that many people don’t see when they arrive in Korean and hit Seoul or Busan. These villages are typically centered around the port and the fishing industry. You won’t find large supermarkets here. Just the local marts and perhaps a GS25 convenience store.

It’s that sort of small town charm that keeps me coming back, aside from the stunning seascapes and the lighthouses. One of the times that I went, an elderly man approached as I was capturing one of the most interesting lighthouse designs out there. We had a short chat and he sad that the next time that I was coming through to pop in for a coffee, gesturing at his little shack by the port. It was a simple kind gesture but it sort of showed the nature of the kind of people out there.

Rocky Shores

What brings most people out to the area are usually the rocks that jut out of the water near the Songdaemal Lighthouse. During the sunrise, which is arguably the best time to photograph here, it makes for a wonderful and dynamic shot.

The rocks also make it a perfect place to get in nice and tight and with a long enough exposure, make a really out of the world shot. So you are not just limited to scenic shots with a centred horizon that a few photographers do. There is enough variety to really experiment with the scene a bit more.

The Lighthouses

This was one of the things that really amazed me. In this area along there are about 3 distinct lighthouses with unique designs. This really can only be surpassed by Gijange. However, these lighthouses all share the historical themes linked to Gyeongju.

Not to mention that you also have a piece of history with one of the oldest lighthouses in the area standing right next to Songdaemal. For a person that is interested in these amazing structures this is a special place.

An interesting note is that there is actually a button to ring the bell on the lighthouse that is shaped like the bells found at buddhist temples around Korea. So it is actually functional in that respect too!

The bottomline is that places like this are really off the beaten path but are so worth the visit. Gampo is located about just over an hour from Busan and about 2 hours or so from Daegu.

Here is a link to the Songdaemal on Kakao Maps to help you locate it and get directions. Don’t forget that if you are driving out there, the Kakao Maps app is in English and the navigation is also in English. This app is extremely useful in finding locations like this.

The post Exploring Gampo: A Hidden Gem appeared first on The Sajin.


Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Uploading Vlogs and related portrait rights

Koreabridge - Tue, 2020-09-01 11:00
00:02it's time for00:03law in our life that means that hyunju00:06who is a lawyer that practices here in00:08the city of guangzhou is in our studio00:10and she's going to tell us all about00:12some korean laws hello hyunji00:14hi how are you doing good how are you00:15doing i'm all right00:17what have we got for today you said it's00:18a little bit related to what we had last00:20week00:21yes it's an issue related to privacy00:24rights00:25now last week of course we were talking00:27about whether parents have the right to00:29put up pictures of their kids00:31online now what are the privacy rights00:33about today today00:35uh i like to talk about posting youtube00:38vlog with somebody else in it okay which00:42you're kind of doing right now yes all00:45right i should pay attention then00:47tell us about this yes many of you have00:50seen daily blogs00:51or daily vlogs on youtube as they post00:55their daily life00:56often in the video they filmed the00:58passersby00:59as background features would it be legal01:03to fill them or take photos of people01:05around you and post a video or photos01:08with their face01:09identifiable on your social media01:12accounts all right well01:15now tell us about it yeah give me an01:17example sure01:18let's imagine you're filming your vlog01:21in the cafe01:22and happen to have some patrons in your01:25frame01:26one may come over and ask you to delete01:28the file as you infringed her privacy01:31right01:32yeah one may one but wonder whether even01:35an ordinary like01:36lay person has such rights even though01:39they are not celebrities01:40well i i hope that celebrities don't01:43have special rights01:45you know we should all be all have the01:46same rights whether or not we're famous01:49i have trouble imagining having an ego01:51big enough to take a vlog of my daily01:53life in a cafe01:55but if i did maybe my ego would be01:57strong enough that i'd want to say like01:58well no i'm doing you a favor02:00you know you're going to be famous so02:03is there a result of this in the korean02:06legal system02:06yes according to korean supreme court02:10a person holds portrait right which is a02:13right that one will be protected against02:15any attempt by others to film describe02:18publish or commercially use one's02:22image or like face or bodily features02:24that makes one identifiable02:26okay so such right is constitutionalized02:29right under constitutional law article02:321002:32provision 1. there we go it's in the02:35constitution02:36people yes all right so02:39what do we have to do then to get around02:42this yeah therefore02:43one would like to follow or publish02:46other persons02:47like with other person's face or bodily02:49features that makes one identifiable02:52yeah they should get the prior consent02:54from the person who will be filmed or be02:57taken photos right okay i can remember03:00something like this my first year in03:01korea03:02out in front of a store they were like03:04they're getting people to taste beer03:06and then like getting their reaction but03:08when you did that you had to sign03:10something03:10all right because they were because they03:12were you know taking a video of you03:13right maybe they were going to use you03:15for some kind of commercial or something03:17like that03:18so i guess there you're signing away03:20your right yeah to be used in that03:22all right are there uh some exceptions03:25to this because i mean some places are03:27public03:28yeah the photo shooting or following in03:30the public space does not show them03:33so in the previous lawsuit or one argued03:36that as03:37it is a public space that are open to03:39public03:40they have a right to filament but photo03:44shooting is and so they argued photo03:46shooting in public space is not illegal03:48but the court did not agree03:50oh so there's precedent yes even if it's03:53in public03:53yes okay anything else that we should03:55know also the consent of filming or03:59photo shooting itself cannot be04:01sufficient in certain cases04:03so as you said even though you like04:06consent on like being filmed04:08if you do not agree that like you will04:11be appearing on the commercials04:14and it's a different thing okay they04:16can't trick me no04:17they have to tell me if it's being used04:18for political purposes or advertising04:21or shows or something okay so depending04:24on the purpose of04:25photo shooting the objective of release04:28or publication of the film or04:30photos or like commercial practices04:33or the party's relevant knowledge04:35experience04:36social status or whether the04:38compensation was given or not04:41or whether the party might have agreed04:43differently if04:44he had known that the about the04:47publication method etc04:49the filmmaker should have got the04:51consent on the scope04:53of such release or publication method04:56if he intends to spread it beyond the04:59like socially acceptable boundaries like05:02not only just posting on his account but05:04trying to use it for05:06like advertisements so it means that one05:09has05:10a right not to be published05:13all right the right to not be published05:15yeah so the consent to05:17the photo shooting is one thing and the05:19consent to05:20upload it is different another thing so05:23let's say that you took a photo of your05:25girlfriend while you were meeting05:27each other and after you broke up if you05:31post your photo online05:33it's assumable that it will be against05:35her will right because she05:37agreed on like photo shooting itself but05:39she may not agree on like spreading it05:42right and of course that that's really05:45important for like05:46revenge porn right when people post05:49intimate pictures or intimate videos05:51sure after a bad breakup and so i guess05:54that would make that illegal05:55yep okay good it should be illegal now i05:58understand you have kind of an example06:00of this happening in korea06:02yeah there was an interesting case about06:04the portrait right okay06:06so one photographer took a photo of a06:09person06:09enjoying the poryang mud festival06:14mud festival is famous for like all the06:16activities06:17oh yes and using in the mud yeah so much06:20fun i i went there in 200606:23when i was a young man and it's a it's a06:25wild06:26place yeah so the photographers06:29submitted that photo for the polyang mud06:32festival06:33poster competition and the photo was06:36selected06:37and it became the poster to advertise06:40the festival06:42one day a friend06:45found the lady in the boreal mud06:47festival poster06:49on the subway bulletin okay so like she06:51called the lady and said oh i found you06:54on the poster06:55yeah the lady a festival participant06:59in the photo was upset and she was07:02sitting on the shoulder of a man07:04with a mod on her face right wearing a07:06bathing suit right yes07:08so she was very very embarrassed yeah so07:10she filed a lawsuit against the podium07:13city07:14festival committee a photographer in the07:17news media07:19the court decided that the defendant07:22should07:22compensate for her emotional distress07:25okay07:25that's interesting and you know this07:28actually makes me think of something07:30that i used to see in the news here not07:32as much anymore07:34but it used to be in the korean news07:36that when the weather would get nicer07:38you'd always see07:39these these pictures in the news and it07:42would be of weight07:43women in bikinis at beaches07:46or in swimming pools in hotels like even07:49like07:50even like with a camera shot like07:51between the the bars of like the fence07:54and it was always like saying oh the07:56weather is nice because look these07:57people are07:58sunbathing but you always i mean08:01the purpose of the pictures was always08:03to show08:04women in bikinis right you know like sex08:08sells yeah right you know they're08:09they're they're tr it's it's tr try to08:11get readership08:12and it always struck me as really creepy08:14because i'm sure nobody got their08:15permission for that08:17uh and so this seems like something like08:19that right08:20yes but it it happened in like 2015 this08:24case was 2015 right yeah this was08:26this was a little while ago so i think08:29nowadays08:30the journalists would be more aware of08:34such08:35uh issues i don't see those pictures08:37anymore oh yeah right08:38over you know it's it's probably been08:41about five years since i saw it08:43so maybe this case was a big one and the08:45boy young mud festival used to be a08:48a big famous one that that would happen08:50with right whenever08:51you saw pictures of the mud festival it08:53would always seem to be pictures of the08:55most girls in bathing suits possible08:57yeah and so yeah maybe they've uh09:01i don't know are operating with a little09:02more integrity now so that's good09:04actually in this case the news media was09:08exempt from liability because they said09:11when the news media got the photos with09:14the kind of like news articles from09:16podium city09:17they couldn't like go back and check09:19whether the persons09:21on the photo agreed were made consent to09:25the photo shooting so they can be like09:28exempt from liabilities but for the09:31boring city or09:32the photographer right yeah they they09:34are reliable for09:36the damage okay so i guess people have09:38to be careful right09:39sure so what if like that example what09:41if the person comes over says09:43you have to delete your video would i09:45have to delete it09:47um or i need their permission to put it09:49on my vlog09:50you may um then you can ask09:54for their um consent permission or09:57you can say like i will then blur you10:00okay right and of course we see that10:03often in korea10:04with pictures of people in the newspaper10:06or in the news being blurred10:08yeah you know or uh i guess i don't even10:11change their voices10:12right yeah the voice check i always10:14thought that was really funny10:16watching korean news they do the voice10:18changing so often10:20yeah that's uh we don't see that as much10:22in our media10:23all right that's cool so it sounds like10:26this there's you said you know this is10:27in the constitution there's precedent10:30and some modern examples so our image is10:32protected10:34now this is of course available online10:36right yes10:37uh you can find this segment in youtube10:40and my youtube channel10:43you can find me by searching korean law10:45101 on youtube10:46all right well thank you so much for10:47coming in thank you for having me10:49bye bye bye

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

36 Ways to Express Emotions in Korean

Koreabridge - Thu, 2020-08-27 15:52
36 Ways to Express Emotions in Korean How to Express Your Emotions in Korean

Life is full of emotions. And expressing them can help you communicate your situation or desire. It’s important to learn how to express emotions in Korean. After all, most conversations involve talking about how you feel at some point. Right? Not only will knowing how to express yourself help you reach fluency faster, but you’ll form better friendships and connections with people as you learn. Here’s what you need to know if you want to express your feelings in Korean.

Do Koreans Refrain From Expressing Emotions?

While Korean has both formal and informal speech, it’s difficult to define Korean words for feelings and emotions as either formal or informal. For example, you’ll use some words in formal situations more frequently than informal ones. That’s life.

However, that doesn’t necessarily mean that those words are truly formal. You can use these words in a poetic or casual way as well. Ignoring these confusing, but important rules can cause your Korean speech to be unnatural. So, don’t fight it. Instead, keep these rules in mind as you move forward is a smart idea.

Grammar and Expressing Emotions in Korean

Before we dive into the vocabulary, it’s important to take a look at how you build these Korea phrases. It may surprise you, but there are no adjectives in Korean. Happy, sad, nervous, bored, these are all adjectives in English. They’re words that describe nouns. So, how do we express emotions in Korean without them? Let’s take a look at how Korean grammar handles emotions.

In Korean, you have descriptive verbs instead of adjectives. This means that you need to conjugate a verb to communicate a description. You’ll see in the vocabulary list below, that the English equivalent of Korean phrases is a conjugated version of “I am”. Be mindful of this when you’re expressing your emotions and feelings in Korean.

How to Express Positive Emotions in Korean기분 [gibun] – Feeling / Mood

기분 means ‘mood’ or ‘feeling’ what you feel, as in your emotions. Sometimes, it’s natural to translate 기분 as ‘emotion’. Since 기분 is a noun, ‘I feel great’ becomes ‘my feeling is great’ when you translate English to Korean.

Native Koreans don’t use a first-person possessive ‘my’ when they use 기분.

This Korean word is very essential because ‘나는 행복해요 (I’m happy)’ is a very uncommon phrase. Native Koreans would say ‘기분이 좋다 (feeling is good)’ instead.

행복하다 [henbokada] – To be happy

행복하다 is ‘happy in Korean’. This phrase is crucial. Not because it’s essential, but because it’s rarely used in Korean conversation.

행복하다 is a very serious and poetic word. If someone asks if you are happy in Korean, then it translates into something like ‘are you happy and satisfied with your life?’. It’s never used in reference to small things like ‘I’m happy for you’. Even though 행복하다 has the same meaning as ‘happy’. The usage is completely different.

Also, if you simply want to say ‘I’m happy today’ then say ‘기분이 좋아요 (I feel good)’ instead.

좋아해요 [joahaeyo] – To like

You would use word joahaeyo in Korean as a general term meaning love, I like you, I love you.

재미있다 [jemi:itdda] – To be fun

재미있다 is an informal Korean word for ‘to be fun’. Native Koreans often use it as ‘to be funny’ also. It’s the most common Korean word that is used to describe when a person or thing is fun or funny. Even though it’s a formal Korean word, it’s not uncommon to use this word informal conversation as well.

To say ‘I had a great day’ or ‘I spent a great day’ in Korean, using 재미있다 most naturally translates to ‘‘오늘 재밌었어요 (it was fun today)’ especially in casual conversations.

If you pronounce 재미있다 fast, then it sounds ‘재밌다’. 재밌다 is an abbreviation of 재미있다.

More Positive Korean Words to Express EmotionsKoreanRomanized KoreanEnglish행복해요.Haengbokhaeyo.(I’m) happy.사랑에 빠졌어요.Sarang-e bbajyeosseoyo.(I’m) in love.살아있음을 느껴요.Sara-isseumeul neukkyeoyo.(I) feel alive.기대 되요.Gidae dwoeyo.(I’m) excited.놀라워요.Nollaweoyo.(I’m) amazed.만족해요.Manjokhaeyo.(I’m) content.균형 잡힌 느낌이에요.Gyunhyeong jabhin neukkimieyo.(I) feel balanced.유치해요.yuchihaeyo(you are / this is) silly자랑스러워요Jarangseureowoeyo(I am) proud활기차요Hwalgichayo(I am) energetic활발해요Hwalbalhaeyo(I am) livelyHow to Communicate Negative Emotions in Korean슬프다 [seulpeuda] – To be sad

슬프다 means ‘to be sad’ in Korean. 슬프다 describes an extremely sad mood, like the idea that you are on the verge of tears. Native Koreans avoid using 슬프다 when they talk about their emotions in conversations.

Instead, it is acceptable to use, ‘기분이 안좋다 (I feel not good)’ or ‘우울하다 (to be depressed)’.

Although Koreans may not use, 슬프다 when talking about personal emotion, it’s perfectly acceptable to describe a movie or a story like ‘이 영화 진짜 슬퍼요 (this movie is really sad’).

우울하다 [u:ulhada] – To be depressed / Blue / Down

우울하다 is a formal Korean word that means ‘to be depressed’. While this is a formal Korean word, people often use it mostly in casual conversations.

우울하다 is the most common expression for ‘being blue’, ‘being down’ or ‘being depressed’ or ‘being sad’. You can also say ‘기분이 안좋다 (I don’t feel good)’ for ‘being down’.

화나다 [hwanada] – To be angry / Upset / Mad

화나다 is ‘to be angry’ in English. The funny thing is that 화나다 is not an adjective. It’s an action that describes when you become angry. There is also a big difference between English and Korean use. Since it’s an action, even if you write it in the past tense, it always means ‘you are angry’ right now, not ‘I was angry’.

짜증나다 [jjajeungnada] – To be annoyed / Irritated / Frustrated

짜증나다 is a unique Korean word that English doesn’t have. The translation is subject to change based on context, but it generally means ‘to be annoyed/irritated’, or ‘to be frustrated’.

짜증나다 also describes ‘something that keeps bothering you, so you are upset’. Koreans often use it as an exclamation such as ‘oh come on!’, ‘for god sake!’.

Additionally, 짜증나다 is an action just like 화나다, so the past tense form 짜증났다 describes the present status. When you say, ‘something or someone is 짜증나다’. The meaning then becomes ‘to be annoying’ or ‘to be frustrating’.

긴장하다 [ginjanghada] – To be nervous / To be tensed

To be nervous/tensed is an easy phrase. 긴장하다 means ‘to be nervous’ in Korean, and it’s very similar to ‘to be nervous’ or ‘to be tensed’ in English.

심심하다 [simsimhada] – To be bored

심심하다 is an informal Korean word that describes a state of ‘being bored’. Unlike other Korean words that describe moods, it’s acceptable and natural to use this word only in casual conversations.

However, this usage is limited to describing an emotion, not describing if a game or movie is boring. You also cannot use it as a verb. Therefore, you can’t use it to say, ‘something bores someone’.

The Korean word for frustration is Aigoo. Think of Aigoo as the Korean equivalent of “aw man!” or “geez”.

More Words for Negative Emotions in KoreanKoreanRomanized KoreanEnglish피곤해요.Pigonhaeyo.(I’m) tired.화가나요.Hwaganayo.(I’m) angry.질투나요.Jiltunayo.(I’m) jealous.걱정되요.Gukjungdweyo(I’m) worried.몹시 화가나요.Mobshi hwaga-nayo.(I’m) furious.창피해요.Changpihaeyo.(I’m) embarrassed.긴장이 되요.Ginjang-i dwoeyo.(I’m) nervous.무서워요.Museo-weoyo.(I’m) frightened.바빠요.Bappayo.(I’m) busy.슬퍼요.Seulpeoyo.(I’m) sad.좀 바빠요.Jom bappayo.(I’m) in a hurry.지쳤어요Jichyeosseoyo(I’m) exhausted불만스러워요Bulmanseureoweoyo(I’m) unsatisfied무서워요.Museo-weoyo.(I’m) frightened.실망했어요Silmanghetseoyo(I’m) disappointedHow to Learn Korean Faster!

Now you have 36 different ways you can show your feelings and emotions in Korean. But, of course, this language is much more than just this lesson. If you want to reach complete Korean fluency fast, then you need a reliable language learning method. Luckily, the OptiLingo offers everything you need to express all your emotions in Korean.

OptiLingo is a language learning app that actually works. By showing you high-frequency phrases , this language learning program can teach you exactly how the locals speak. And you’re guaranteed to remember all your lessons. Discover how effective this method is for you when you try OptiLingo today!

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed


Subscribe to aggregator - Worldbridges Megafeed