On episode 88 of The Korea File podcast, cultural and culinary anthropologist Jennifer Flinn joins host Andre Goulet to explain how factors like the decline in multi-generational family living, the increasing age when Koreans first get married and the globalization and urbanization of South Korea are altering traditional assumptions about gender and cooking in Korea.
Plus: ghost tours, historical trauma and a menu for apocalyptic dining.
This episode was produced in collaboration with the Royal Asiatic Society- Korea Branch (RASKB). Find out about upcoming lectures and tours at www.raskb.com
Music courtesy of Creative Commons. Support the show at patreon.com/thekoreafile
This conversation was recorded on November 28th, 2019.
The Korea File
This is a repost of an essay I wrote earlier this month for The National Interest. My argument is that Kim Jong Un is passing up his best chance for a deal for years, maybe decades, to come. Both Moon and Trump are extremely unusual, and favorable, counterparties for the North.
Most South Korean and US presidents have been either hawkish or very hawkish on North. Doves haven been rare – two SK presidents between 1998 and 2008. But neither of them ever went as far or talked as détente-ish as Moon does. Similarly, Trump is a huge outlier for US presidents on North Korea. He has made a far greater and more personal outreach effort than ever before.
And that these two dovish presidencies currently overlap is unique. This is a fantastic alignment for North Korea and almost certainly won’t last. If Pyongyang really wants a deal, this is the time to go for it.
Instead, they have played Trump for a fool – getting the legitimating photo-ops with POTUS while giving up nothing – and been surprisingly cold toward Moon’s repeated outreach. As so often, it’s their way or no way at all.
Expect hawks to cite this behavior in a few years to justify a much tougher line on NK. The missed opportunity between 2018 and 2020 will be seen on the right and center as proof that NK doesn’t want a deal, even under very favorable circumstances.
The full essay follows the jump:
If the North Koreans truly want a deal with their primary opponents – South Korea, Japan, the US, and the West – they are missing an exceptional window of opportunity, right now, in the overlapping presidencies of Donald Trump in America and Moon Jae-In in South Korea. Trump and Moon are the most dovish, on North Korea, presidents of their respective nations in the history of US and South Korean interaction with North Korea. And that their presidencies overlap at this moment is a downright unique opportunity for the North. For a brief moment, North Korea enjoys a dovish, pro-engagement presidency from both its traditional major opponents. If Pyongyang wants a deal, now is the time to go for it.
Traditionally of course, the US and South Korea have been quite hawkish on North Korea. Until 1987, South Korea was a dictatorship, and its strongmen were predictably anti-North Korea. They sought to build a South Korean national identity against North Korea, and the very first page of the South Korean constitution denies North Korea’s existence and lays sovereign claim to its territory. From 1998 to 2008, South Korea had its first liberal presidencies ever. These leaders were pro-engagement and dovish. One, Kim Dae Jung, even won the Nobel Peace Prize for his outreach efforts known as the Sunshine Policy. But even these presidents never went as far in their Northern solicitation as the current one, Moon Jae-In.
Similarly, all US presidents prior to Trump were reliably hawkish on North Korea. Indeed, the US has frequently been more hawkish on North Korea than South Korea has been. Congress particularly has strongly supported the continuing sanction, deterrence, isolation, and containment of North Korea. And today, except for Trump himself, official Washington continues to be quite hawkish. Trump’s efforts have broadly been dismissed as amateurish photo-op diplomacy aimed a winning Trump a Nobel Peace Prize or the 2020 election.
This long history of Southern and US confrontation, with the long-standing goal of Southern-led unification along the lines of German unity in 1990, makes the current moment genuinely unique.
Moon is sincerely and deeply committed to a breakthrough. He has spoken so aggressively about reconciliation that he was once criticized as the ‘foreign minister of North Korea.’ His outreach efforts and summitry have been so enthusiastic that South Korean conservatives routinely attack him as a North Korean sympathizer, and conspiracy theories are everywhere on the right here that Moon is Marxist anxious to betray the Southern republic. Moon has suggested that North and South Korea form a ‘peace economy,’ and that this inter-connected zone be directed against Japan, the real national enemy of all Koreans. Moon has continued to push against the UN sanctions regime, constantly testing its limits, looking for opt-outs and carve-outs, regularly lobbying the US and Europe to roll-back sanctions, and so on. Moon was so aggressive on this that US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo purportedly threatened to sanction South Korea if Moon persisted.
Since the Moon administration took power, I have attended multiple conferences at dovish think-tanks like the Korean Institute for National Unification or the Jeju Peace Institute characterized by an extraordinary the willingness to bend over backward for inter-Koreas reconciliation. The enthusiasm and desire on the left here are real and deep; I wonder if the North Koreans see this given how brusquely they dismiss Southern solicitations.
Trump too has launched his own mini-revolution of North Korea policy. He has meet North Korean leader Kim Jong Un three times, something none of his predecessors ever did and only one (Bill Clinton) even vaguely contemplated. He routinely calls Kim his friend, speaks well of his leadership, and even said that he and Kim were ‘in love.’ Trump has walked inside North Korea. He routinely complains that South Korea is a security free-rider on the United States, and he seems to have a particular dislike for the South. The rumor on the East Asian conference circuit now is that if Trump is re-elected he will seek to pull US forces out of South Korea altogether in his second term. Certainly he appears willing to trade or swap with the North far more than his predecessors were. Trump may not think of himself as a dove; in 2017, he famously threatened the North with ‘fire and fury.’ But since his 2018 U-turn to reach out to Kim, he has, in practice, been a dovish engager – looking to strike a deal with the North while also talking down the South.
This confluence of doves is an important moment for the North. It is as fragile as it is unique. Moon’s popularity is low, under 40% now. He faces legislative elections next April. If the right wins, it will stymie Moon’s Northern outreach, as Moon has made no effort to recruit center-right support for his program. Trump too is in trouble. He may desire outreach to the North, but no one else in Washington Republican or Democratic establishments seems to. Trump is practically alone on this, and if he is impeached, resigns, or is defeated next year, his successor will almost certainly ‘snap-back’ to a hawkish posture.
So if North Korea really wants a deal with the outside world, now it the time. Circumstances will not be this propitious again for a generation. Trump and Moon are both dovish outliers. Worse, hawks will claim future vindication if the North does not use this current window to make a deal. A few years from now, hawks will claim that if the North really wanted a deal, it would have reached for one in that unique 2018-2020 window. Because Pyongyang balked in even those uniquely favorable circumstances, that is proof the North does not want a deal at all. Outreach, then, is a fool’s errand, and there is no choice but to hem North Korea in indefinitely. One hopes Pyongyang can see this hawkish interpretation coming, because relations will get much worse soon if the North gives us nothing during this unique moment.Robert E Kelly
Department of Political Science & Diplomacy
Pusan National University
I love fall. I love the temperature. I love the fact that the sun rises and sets at a reasonable time. I love the changing of the leaves and the cool morning air. I also thankfully live in a country that also doesn’t know what a pumpkin spice latte is either!
With that being said, What’s the plan for this year? It is almost halloween and I have yet to head out and get those signature dead leaf shots. Well truth be told, peak season doesn’t hit my part of South Korea until this weekend. So I will be gearing up tomorrow for some adventures. Here is a basic idea of what I am going for this year.The Standard Shots
One of the things that I learned while I was shooting sports was that you need to nail the standard or “safety shots” first before getting too wild with your creativity. That basically means that you should get those “typical shots” out of the way first before venturing into a style of shot that may or may not work.
These are typically shots that everyone knows or expects to see. Boring, yes but necessary. For me I use these shots to get warmed up. They get my head in the game a little bit. So start of with the snapshots of the falling leaves on the ground before moving on to the technically more difficult shots. At least you will leave with some shots that you can share on your card.Colour
If you know my work then you know that I don’t shy away from colour. I love it and it is what attracts me to this time of the year. The colours seem to pop in fall regardless of the weather.
When I am shooting fall colours, I am looking for ways to boosts the contrast or show how enveloping they are. Meaning that this is a time of year when the trees are bright yellow and red and the ground is also covered with bright yellow and red leaves. I am looking to find ways to express that in my photography this year a little better than I have in years gone by.
Colour is a great way to show fall as it is a very recognizable colour scheme. If your view sucks then focus on those colours and get closer to your subject. Used patterns and light to emphasise the colours as well.Creative Shots
Injecting a bit of creativity into your fall portfolio is almost needed these day. By now your social feeds are probably inundated with bright colour shots of waterfalls and forest paths. While these images are great, you may want to consider changing things up and possibly experimenting with some new ideas.
I love thinking about new ways to photograph something as timeless as autumn. Cinemagraphs are a great way to add a bit of movement into a still frame.
This is a fun idea as we all associate the falling of leaves as a vital part of the autumn experience. creating an image with an infinite loop of falling leaves is a great way for people to experience the fall beauty.
You can also hone in on the smaller details. I have a 50mm F1.4 that I don’t use all that often. However, it is great for details when shooting wide open to blur out the rest of the surrounding image.
Another idea is to add motion blur to your images. As the trees are blowing in the wind, you can set your aperture to F22 for a longer exposure and see what happens. This works best on a windy day where there is a lot of movement in the trees.
The bottomline here is that you can start with the typical shots and work your way into some truly creative stuff. You just have to step back and experiment. Remember, you are not a journalist covering the falling of the leaves for a major news outlet. You are a photographer with a flare for creativity.
KongGukSu (콩국수) is a cold noodle dish using a soybean broth. Traditionally, SoMyeon (소면) Korean wheat noodles are used. These are thin noodles that are easy to cook.
The traditional KongGukSu also requires soy beans. Typically, this means rinsing, boiling and blending whole soy beans in a long, involved process. Tofu is basically the same thing. It’s cheap and readily available, so we’re going to use it here.
This is also a great recipe for anyone wondering what to make with tofu. The resulting broth is rich and creamy, so you don’t have to worry about people not liking the unique texture of tofu, which can be hit-or-miss for some palates.Video Recipe
Click on the video below to follow along or scroll past to view the ingredient list and directions.
Help support us. Scroll down for more content.IngredientsKongGukSu (콩국수) – Ingredients – Broth, noodles and garnish
- ‘SoMyeon’ Korean thin wheat noodles
- 1 block tofu (medium or firm)
- 1~2 cups Milk – Soy, Almond or Coconut Milk
- ½ teaspoon Salt
- (Optional) 1~2 Tablespoons Peanut or Almond Butter
- (Optional) – Crushed Almonds, Walnuts and/or Sesame Seeds
- Hard-boiled egg
- Tomato (Roma or Cherry)
- Roasted Sesame Seeds
- For 1~2 servings, grab noodles in your hand and measure 1~2 cm / ¾-inch diameter in your hand.
- Bring a quart of water to boil and add noodles. Start timer and cook on low boil for 3~4 minutes.
- Stir occasionally to prevent noodles from sticking.
- In a colander, rinse noodles and set aside to drain for a few minutes.
- In a blender, combine tofu, salt and milk/water. Add optional nuts and/or nut butter.
- Blend and check consistency and flavor. Add milk/water if needed to make broth on the runny side.
Add salt to taste
- Cut a block of cucumber.
- Slice into the side and roll the cucumber to cut into a thin sheet
- Slice the sheet of cucumber into thin slices
Be sure to view the video to make the recipe easier to follow. We hope it turns out tasty. Let us know how it turns out in the comments.KSesame seeds sprinkled over served noodles and broth for garnish
If you want to learn how to make other Korean dishes visit our main page at Yorihey.com.
- Tomato – Slice tomatoes into thin slices
- Hardboiled egg – Slice in half lengthwise
- Place noodles in serving bowl,
- Pour soy bean broth over noodles,
- Place cucumber slices, tomato slices and a slice of hard-boiled egg over noodles.
- Sprinkle roasted sesame seeds over dish,
- Add a few ice cubes to broth and serve.
The Korea TESOL International conference is a 2-day conference for English teachers in Korea. Approximately 1,000 teachers from Korea and east Asia are expected to participate. The goal of the conference is to support KOTESOL's mission to "assist teachers in self-development and improve ELT in Korea."
More than 200 sessions, presented by experts scholars and educators in English language teaching, are scheduled over the two days. The conference is a great place to network, learn about new trends in ELT, and to brush up on old skills.
For more information including registration fees, please see our website at koreatesol.org/IC2019 The preregistration deadline is September 30.
poster kotesol header homepage.png
This is a local re-post of an essay I wrote this month for The National Interest.
I keep hearing this idea on the lecture and conference circuit in East Asia – that Trump wants to withdraw from South Korea and a second term would open that possibility.
The big problems for Trump, if he really wants to do this, are 1) US bureaucratic resistance, and 2) his own laziness and incompetence. That is, much of official Washington would oppose a SK retrenchment. Just as it did Jimmy Carter’s late 1970s effort to withdraw from South Korea.
But Trump is POTUS in a highly presidentialized system. He might be able to win the battle Carter lost, but Trump would have to really work at it – get on the phone, have face-to-face confrontations with the military, use the bully pulpit against the pundit network who would oppose this. But Trump is so lazy, and so uncomfortable with personal confrontation – this is why he fires people over Twitter – that I doubt he has the focus to push this.
Curiously though, Trump might find a sort-of ally in SK President Moon Jae-In. The SK left has long had an ambiguous relationship with USFK as ‘neo-imperialists’ bullying the ROKG. I doubt Moon’s leftist coalition would push back much if Trump tried to do this.
The full essay is after the jump:
It is now pretty widely accepted that the United States and South Korea are drifting apart on the central security issues of northeast Asia. Much of this is motivated by the unique leadership configuration of the two countries – an unconventional US president prone to see US allies as free-riders, coupled with a South Korean president deeply ambivalent about the US role in South Korea.
Their varying initiatives – sometimes coincidentally aligned, other times at cross-purposes – are pushing toward a reckoning. I keep hearing at conferences in East Asia, that the big break may occur if US President Donald Trump is re-elected. He may then feel free to go where he seems to wish to go: a US retrenchment from South Korea. And South Korean President Moon Jae-In, unable to much alliance enthusiasm among his own leftist electoral coalition, may offer little resistance. The US structure in South Korea may end more with a whimper than a bang.
The key to this scenario is Trump’s re-election. It is hard to imagine any of the Democratic contenders, should one become president, pushing for this. The Democratic party has no obvious animosity or policy problem with the US alliance with South Korea. Indeed, it is not clear that this is even an issue at all on the US left, unlike with Trump. Former President Barack Obama was supportive the alliance and put middling efforts into Korean issues such as North Korea’s nuclear weapons program. There is no reason to expect any of the Democratic contenders to wander far from the script, and they have not to date.
On the Republican side, it is Trump, of course, who has made the South Korean alliance a major issue. Were any other traditional Republican, like Mitt Romney or Mike Pence, the president, alliance antagonism with South Korea would likely not occupy much policy space. The traditional Reaganite GOP was supportive of US forward basing.
So Trump effectively stands alone in official Washington in his harsh criticisms of South Korea – such as calling Moon an ‘appeaser’ in 2017, demanding a revision of the Korea-US free trade deal, and repeatedly insisting that South Korea is ripping off the US on defense support. The notion that US allies generally – not just South Korea – are bilking the US is one of Trump’s deepest held beliefs. He comes back to this idea repeatedly.
Coupled with this is Trump’s much-touted ‘friendship’ with North Korea dictator Kim Jong Un. It is highly unlikely that Kim thinks the same way beyond the shallowest opportunism. But ‘friendship’ with dictators, especially Kim, is also a theme Trump comes back to again and again. The consequence of that friendship would be, in full, the unnecessity of US troops in South Korea. If the North is an American friend, at peace with South Korea, and a normalized state participating in the world economy, the US need not remain in South Korea. If Trump pulls a normalization deal out of Kim on his nuclear weapons and missiles, perhaps in desperation for a foreign policy ‘win’ for the 2020 president race, that could give Trump the political cover to next suggest a US withdrawal.
On the South Korean side, the relatively rare occurrence of a leftist president – for only the third time in South Korean history – opens a similar policy door. South Korea’s conservatives are quite traditional in their foreign policy beliefs – cold warriors opposed to North Korea, pro-American, pro-alliance, pro-trilateral cooperation with Japan, and so on. This is why the US, before Trump, generally found it easier to work with South Korean presidents from the right.
The South Korean left though has long been at best ambivalent about the US role. Like leftist parties in Europe during the cold war, there is a long tradition on the Southern left of seeing the US as imperialist, of reading US local bases as a form of neo-colonial imposition, of perceiving the conspiratorial hand of the Central Intelligence Agency at work in local government, of understanding the US alliance as provoking North Korea as much as re-assuring South Korea against it.
South Korea’s leftist foreign policy intellectuals have long dallied with the notion of expelling the Americans to pursue deep détente with the North, perhaps in a two-systems-one-country federation. They have also staunchly opposed US efforts to encourage trilateral cooperation with Japan. When anti-American protests have broken out in the past, their core usually came from the left.
So if Trump moves to withdraw in a second term – because he thinks South Korea is ungrateful or ‘scamming’ the US – he may push against an open door. The South Korean left will read, rightly to mind, US rhetoric about scams, rip-offs, cheap-riding, and so on, as exactly the sort of American hegemonic bullying it has long warned about. If Moon can re-make relations with the North to be those between two brother Korean states, rather than a cold war stand-off, who needs the Americans and their obnoxious, grasping president anyway?
I still think the likelihood of this is under 50%. The bureaucratic resistance among national security elites in both countries would be intense. And if Trump loses, this whole debate will end immediately. But still, this the most serious debate about the US presence in South Korea since President Jimmy Carter abortively suggested withdrawal in the late 1970s.Robert E Kelly
Department of Political Science & Diplomacy
Pusan National University
With the announcement that Canon’s pro level mirrorless would be coming out at some point in the next year around the Olympic Summer Games in Tokyo, I couldn’t wait any longer. I gave in and bought the EOS R. I resisted the urge to pick up the 5D mk IV and picked up a drone last year as I felt that I could squeeze a few more years out on my 5D mk III. With a rebate and all the discounts that come along with shopping on Korean duty-free sites, I managed to snag the camera for close to $800 off the original price.The Context
I was worried that I had jumped the gun. I was concerned that when the new “Pro Level” body came out that I would be left with buyer’s remorse after picking up the “old body” too late in the game. However, I needed a new camera. One that could keep up with the projects that I have on the go and future work that would meet the ever-increasing demands of the market.
At any rate, I was in Tokyo for a short time, with a brand new camera and a very detailed shot list. I was primed and ready. So how did the camera stand up to my tried and true 5D mk III?Pro vs Pro-sumer!!??
The big thing for me was (influenced by the internet) that I thought this camera was lacking features vital to “pro photographers” or something like that. It was something that kept me waiting for the so-called “pro model” to come out. Sure, come next year, I could be eating my words when Canon releases some 60 megapixel monster with lasers and sparkly buttons.
However, at this moment and for the work that I do, I don’t really need a 60 megapixel sports camera or one designed for astrophotography. I don’t shoot sports, so I don’t need the performance. I am also not making feature-length movies. So I don’t need the full frame 4k video either. I don’t have enough hair for a man-bun, so I don’t need the retro style either.
I am not concerned so much with the label or the reputation from youtube personalities. However, if you look, you will also find a lot of pros praising this camera too. It is just a matter of perspective. Even so, if some dude in skinny jeans says that it is good, it doesn’t really matter in the long run.
From me, I need a camera that can perform and that can last as long as my 5D mk III. That is all that I want and need at this moment in time. I don’t care what sony or fuji is putting out. I don’t give two turds how well your camera performs because you read a blog and put a handmade strap on your camera. I only care if this camera can produce the images that I want and need it to.The Initial Thoughts
At first, I was overwhelmed at the customization. I could change anything that I wanted. There are buttons and sliders for everything. I felt a little like a kid in a candy store. There was just too much to choose from.
With that being said, I immediately loved the Canon Connect app. Now this is something that most of the recent Canon cameras have already but was missing from my 5D mk III. The tilt screen was also something that I liked from the first moment as I often struggled with seeing the screen with certain angles.
With that being said, I found that the electronic viewfinder or EVF took some getting used to and some customization. Particularly, turning off the preview. I was not a fan of having the last image pop up into the viewfinder as I was trying to get the next shot. Even for a couple of seconds, so I turned that function off.
The size and feel of the camera was great. It just fit like a glove. The smaller size also meant that it slid into my camera bag a little looser, so that was something that I had to change. Adjusting the dividers in my everyday backpack gave a little more room and that was great on this trip.In The Field
Once again, I was in Tokyo for a very short time and had a very detailed shot list. This trip I went from Ueno to Kichijoji, Shibuya to Diver City and everywhere in between. I wanted to get the top places in Tokyo to finally check them off the list. For travel photography, the touristy places are in high demand. It sucks, but nobody wants your street photography if it isn’t in Shunjuku. A busy crosswalk is nothing if it is not at Shibuya.
Initially, I brought my 5D mk III as a backup in case something went wrong. That means that if my brain couldn’t figure out the features of the camera in time to catch blue hour. I needed to have that piece of mind, despite adding to the weight. However, it rarely left my bag unless it was needed for an ultrawide shot. I have yet to purchase the adaptor to fit my other lenses.
Much to my surprise, the camera worked flawlessly. The 24-105mm lens was outstanding and being able pinpoint exactly where I want to focus was a lot more efficient using the touchscreen. Even focussing in low light situations, the EOS R did not miss a beat.
After checking out a few videos in my hotel room (not THOSE videos lol) I was able to further customize the settings and dials to meet my needs. I was a little disappointed that I couldn’t change the control ring to adjust the bracketing for HDR but maybe I just couldn’t figure out how at this moment in time.
The one thing that I noticed was that if you are using a tripod, you really have to turn off the stabilization. The first few shots came out shaky until I noticed that I still had the stabilization on. After shutting that off (as you should when using a tripod), the pics were razor sharp.Final Thoughts
There was a lot of bad press about this camera. People griping about the lack of memory card slots and the cropped 4K video. It had me brainwashed too. I was concerned that this camera, despite the high price tag would not meet my standards.
The reality is that it far far exceeded my standards. Most of the videos on Youtube are really geared towards finding faults or leading you towards pro level cameras. In this case, I spent a considerable about of time with this camera and by the end, retired my 5D mk III.
This camera has a better version of the lens that I use most often and for $99 I can get an adapter to use all of my other lenses. That to me is a major strong point. However, it is just the fact that this camera just performs well. I feel that I have haven’t even tapped its full potential yet.
The bottomline here is that you need a camera that works for you. Whether you shoot Canon, Sony, Fuji, or Hasselblad it shouldn’t make a difference unless you are pushing the camera far beyond it’s design. Meaning that if you suddenly find yourself shooting pro football, this camera will not cut it.
On the other hand, if you find yourself in Tokyo and want to capture some memorable images, this camera is more than adequate. I am sure if you bought a decent camera within the last few years, it will be able to get some great images as well.
DATAFL - What sorts of English teachers do you think schools are looking for? Data from thousands of job ads (in Asia) reveals the facts
I wrote about this previously in an older blog post, but I decided to update it and make it a little more visually appealing by adding some graphs to the information.
I looked on various sites in Taiwan, Korea, China and Japan at the job advertisements for English teachers and the keywords they were using and came up with this.
You can download it here.
ESLinsiderThings You Probably Didn't Know About Teaching English In Asia, But Should Know
On episode 86 of The Korea File, Ji-hoon Suk, a University of Michigan Ph.D. student in Asian History and a keen observer of cultural heritage in the metropolis, joins host Andre Goulet to explore the rich historic legacy of some prominent hanok affected by development.
Plus: critiquing the city government's too-little-too-late policy on managing gentrification, debunking so-called "heritage garden" Seongnagwon, investigating the architectural secrets of Seoul's long-lost Cheongnyangni 588 red-light district and more.
This episode was produced in collaboration with the Royal Asiatic Society- Korea Branch (RASKB). Find out about upcoming lectures and tours at www.raskb.com
Music courtesy of Creative Commons.
This conversation was recorded on August 25th, 2019. #gentrification, #korea, #raskb, #seoul, #southkorea
The Korea File
Bulgogi (불고기) is made using thinly sliced ribeye beef. It is marinated using mainly soy sauce and sugar, combined with cabbage, carrots and onions, and cooked over a hot pan.
It’s a great meal with sweet and tender beef that everyone is sure to love. You can marinate the beef, add the vegetables and cook on a portable stove right on the table, Korean restaurant style.
For detailed recipe directions, view our video here:Bulgogi-Korean Marinated Beef (불고기) – Chopped VegetablesIngredients
- 1~2 lbs (1 kg) Bulgogi Meat – Sliced Ribeye Beef
- 1 Whole Onion – sliced
- 1~2 Cups Cabbage – thinly sliced
- 1 Large Carrot – Diagonally cut and sliced into thin strips
- Green Onion – Thinly chopped
- 1 bunch of mushrooms – Enoki or other thinly sliced mushrooms
- Cooking Oil
- Sesame seeds for garnish
- (Optional) – Fresh hot pepper – finely chopped for garnish
- 6 Tablespoons Sugar
- 6 Tablespoons Soy Sauce
- 1 Tablespoon Fish Sauce
- 1 Tablespoon Minced Garlic
- 1 Teaspoon Sesame Oil
- (Optional) 1 Asian or Sweet Pear – Core and Blended – Can also use kiwi or pineapple. This helps tenderize the meat.
Help support us. Scroll down for more content.Bulgogi-Korean Marinated Beef (불고기) – IngredientsDirectionsPreparation – Marinating the Beef
If you bought ready-to-cook bulgogi meat, it should already be thinly sliced. If not, cut your steaks into very thin slices, about 1 millimeter or 1/8-inch thick. You can also buy Bulgogi that is already marinated. In that case, skip to the next section.
- Combine the sugar, soy sauce, garlic and fish sauce into a bowl and stir. To dissolve the sugar better, place in the microwave and cook for about 20~30 seconds, then stir.
- (Optional) Core and blend a pear (or kiwi, pineapple). Add to the marinade sauce.
- Add the marinade sauce to the bulgogi meat. Place in the refrigerator and allow it to marinate for at least an hour.
- Add the onions, carrots and green onions to the marinated bulgogi meat. Mix thoroughly. Set aside the mushrooms and cabbage.
- Heat a large wok or skillet to medium heat. Add some cooking oil.
- Add the bulgogi meat mix and stir-fry. Cook for about 1~2 minutes until the meat color becomes lighter.
- Add the cabbage and mushrooms and continue to stir-fry.
- Keep cooking and stirring until the cabbage is cooked. Liquid will form from the beef. Don’t try to reduce it as this will result in overcooking.
- Once cooked, transfer to a serving dish.
- Add sesame seeds and chopped hot pepper for garnish, if desired.
If you want to learn how to make other Korean dishes visit our main page at Yorihey.com.
(sponsored post by BGN Eye Hospital)
ReLEx SMILE: myths or truth?
Though it is becoming more and more popular, still some people have wrong ideas and myths about the procedure. Here are some of those myths and the truth revealed.
SMILE laser eye surgery is still new and developing, so it is not safe
While it is true that SMILE is a relatively new procedure when compared to LASIK, that does not mean that it lacks safety or effectiveness. Multiple studies have examined SMILE refractive surgery and found it to be a safe and useful procedure for correcting nearsightedness and astigmatism.
Surgeons in the USA, Europe and Asia successfully use SMILE and receive high satisfaction from patients.
My prescription is too severe to be treated
Basically SMILE surgery is possible until -8 to -9 diopters. The best way to discover if your case qualifies for SMILE refractive surgery is to visit clinic for pre-surgery examination and consultation.
BGN Eye Hospital Busan provides free Vision Correction surgery examination and consultation for all patients who would like to check whether they are the candidates for the procedure.
Surgery is painful, and if I blink something could go wrong
Many people have trouble controlling their blinking when faced with pain or discomfort which is natural! Luckily, the developers of SMILE laser eye surgery planned for this. The procedure involves the use of anesthetic eye drops to numb the nerves of the eye, and a speculum and suction is employed to ensure that your eye stays in place throughout the procedure.
Surgeons ensure that the conditions are safe before they begin the procedure, and the total duration of the treatment is only 7 to 10 minutes, with laser work of about 30 seconds. Patients who had the procedure have all reported that the surgery itself is painless.
Recovery from the treatment can involve some discomfort for several hours, but is quite manageable, and the eye should completely recover only a few days after the procedure. Other forms of LASIK eye surgery involve more nerve interaction and take longer to heal, so SMILE actually offers improvements on the pain and recovery side.
SMILE surgery requires a long recovery
When compared to other surgeries, this is not the case. There is a day out for the surgery, of course, and patients may feel discomfort several hours after the procedure, so they are recommended to stay indoors.
But in most cases patients can get back to normal life, work and studies already on the next day! And full vision stabilization comes within 2 weeks.
There is a possibility of the secondary vision decrease (2-5%) after any kind of laser vision correction. The probability of the secondary vision decrease depends not on the type of the surgery but on the patient`s prescription and individual corneal conditions.
If patient has enough corneal thickness for the secondary surgery, BGN Eye Hospital guarantees free secondary procedure in case of secondary vision decrease.
To find if you are a candidate for SMILE or other vision correction surgeries contact BGN Busan for free examination and consultation.
010-7670-3995 (7/24) or kakao: eye1004bgnbusan.
You can also check their Facebook pages, to find some useful information
Don`t forget to check promotional events they have at the time of booking.
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