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Gwanchoksa Temple – 관촉사 (Nonsan, Chungcheongnam-do)

Thu, 2021-09-23 23:33
The Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple and the Stone Lantern of Gwanchoksa Temple in Nonsan, Chungcheongnam-do. Temple History

Gwanchoksa Temple in Nonsan, Chungcheongnam-do is located on the diminutive slopes of Mt. Banyasan (100 m). The temple was first founded in 968 A.D., at the start of the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392), by the monk Hyemyeong-daesa. The temple was rebuilt several times throughout the centuries. And the history of the temple is intermingled with several myths and legends.

Gwanchoksa Temple is home to a National Treasure and a Korean Treasure. The National Treasure is the Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple, which is also known as the Eunjin Mireuk Statue. For the longest of times, it was known as a Korean Treasure, Korean Treasure #218. Then in 2018, that statue became National Treasure #323. As for the Korean Treasure, it’s the Stone Lantern of Gwanchoksa Temple, which is Korean Treasure #232.

Admission to the temple is 1,500 won.

Temple Legends

According to a legend, while a woman was picking wild herbs on Mt. Banyasan, she heard a baby crying. When she went to the spot where she heard the baby crying, there wasn’t a baby; instead, there was a large stone sticking out from the ground. Learning this, the government ordered the monk Hyemyeong to make a Buddha statue from this large stone. Hyemyeong tried to build the Buddha statue employing some one hundred professionals from 968 A.D. to 1006 A.D. However, when they attempted to stand the Eunjin Mireuk Statue, it was too big, so they couldn’t make the statue stand. They were very worried that they wouldn’t ever be able to make the large statue stand. One day Hyemyeong saw two child monks playing with a Buddha statue made of dirt. This statue was cut into three parts. After witnessing this, Hyemyeong rushed back to the temple and told his sculptors to make the ground flat. Following what he had just seen, Hyemyeong told the sculptors to place the bottom part of the statue first on the ground. Afterwards, the middle and upper portions of the Eunjin Mireuk Statue were placed together to complete the statue.

Hyemyeong was to later learn that these two child monks were in fact Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power). The reason that they appeared to Hyemyeong in this way was to teach him. And with the Eunjin Mireuk Statue completed, it suddenly started to rain. And for the next twenty-one days, it rained. It was said that there was auspicious energy surrounding the statue at this time and people saw a light shining forth from between the eyes of the statue. In fact, one day a Chinese monk followed this light and ended up at Gwanchoksa Temple. And he said that the light was like a candle’s light, so that’s how the temple became known as “Gwanchoksa.”

There are a couple other legends involving Gwanchoksa Temple. One day, when China had a war with Korea, the Chinese made it all the way up the neighbouring river next to Gwanchoksa Temple. The Eunjin Mireuk Statue disguised itself as a monk with a satgat (a traditional bamboo hat). The statue walked across the river so that the Chinese thought that the river was shallow. Thinking this, the soldiers jumped into the river and drowned. Angry, the Chinese general hit the statue’s satgat with his sword, and the statue’s crown on top of the Eunjin Mireuk Statue was broken. This part of the Eunjin Mireuk Statue still remains broken to this day.

And one more legend concerning the Eunjin Mireuk Statue describes a time when the Korean peninsula was at peace. It was at this time that the body of the statue shined. It was believed to be a sign of the auspicious energy that surrounded the statue. But once a war had broken out on the Korean peninsula, the Eunjin Mireuk Statue started to sweat and the flower in its hand lost its colour. It’s also believed that if you pray to the Eunjin Mireuk Statue that all your wishes will come true.

Gwanchoksa Temple in 1910. Temple Layout

You first approach the elevated temple grounds from the north. Eventually, you’ll pass through a stately two-pillar Iljumun Gate. After passing through the Iljumun Gate, you’ll next encounter the Cheongwangmun Gate with some shrunken-headed Four Heavenly Kings inside this entry gate. Now making your way up the slight incline, as you make your way zig-zagging up the pathway, you’ll pass under the Banya-ru Pavilion to gain entry to the temple courtyard at Gwanchoksa Temple.

The first temple shrine hall to greet you at Gwanchoksa Temple is the impressive two-story Daegwangmyeong-jeon Hall. The exterior walls to this hall are adorned with various murals of the Nahan (The Historical Disciples of the Buddha). And the floral latticework on the front doors to the Daegwangmyeong-jeon Hall are beautiful. Stepping inside the Daegwangmyeong-jeon Hall, you’ll be welcomed by a rather long and slender main altar and canopy. Sitting in the centre of a triad of statues is that of Birojana-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy). This statue is joined on either side by Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha) and Nosana-bul (The Reward Body Buddha). And hanging on the far left wall is a large Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural). Also taking up residence inside the Daegwangmyeong-jeon Hall are hundreds of smaller golden Mireuk-bul (Future Buddha) statues similar to the famed historic Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple that awaits you.

To the right of the Daegwangmyeong-jeon Hall is the Myeongbu-jeon Hall at Gwanchoksa Temple. Housed inside the Myeongbu-jeon Hall is a green haired statue of Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). With a staff pointed outwards, he greets any and all visitors to his temple shrine hall. There is also a mural dedicated to Samyeong-daesa (1544-1610) inside the Myeongbu-jeon Hall, as well. And next to the Myeongbu-jeon Hall, and up a meandering set of stairs, is the temple’s Samseong-gak Hall. This shaman shrine hall houses three rather underwhelming murals dedicated to Dokseong (The Lonely Saint), Chilseong (The Seven Stars), and Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit).

But it’s down the stairs, and back in the main temple courtyard, that’s probably the real reason you’ve traveled all the way to Gwanchoksa Temple. The Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple is 18.12 metres tall, and it was built from 968 – 1006 A.D. The Eunjin Mireuk-bul consists of two large stone pieces. And it’s the largest historic stone Buddha in Korea. The design of the statue is typical of early Goryeo Dynasty designs. And according to a temple legend, before the statue was built, the founding monk, Hyemyeong-daesa, was really worried about how he would find the funds to construct such a large statue. Later, he decided to build the statue anyways, after he realized it was meaningless to worry about the funds, when he saw children playing with mud on the river bank. As was already mentioned, the Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple was a Korean Treasure; however, in 2018, it became National Treasure #323.

As for the actual design of the historic statue, it has an oval shaped head and two piercing cat-like eyes that appear to be meditative in composition and otherworldly, almost alien, in comparison to other statues of Mireuk-bul in Korea. The statue is topped by a 2.43 metre tall crown. This crown is adorned with bells on each of the two levels of the rectangular crown.

Standing in front of the Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple is the Stone Lantern of Gwanchoksa Temple. This stone lantern is Korean Treasure #232. The stone lantern, or “seokdeung – 석등” in Korean, was first built in 968 A.D. by Hyemyeong-daesa. The stone lantern consists of a three-tiered pedestal. The upper and lower portions to this pedestal have a roughly carved lotus flower design. Around the middle section of this pedestal, you’ll find seven bands carved horizontally around it. The stripe in the centre is thicker than the others, and it’s adorned with eight blossoms. Atop this pedestal is a light chamber, which is squarish in design. This design was rather typical of the Goryeo Dynasty. The four windows to the light chamber are disproportionately large. The large finial that sits atop this light chamber is supported by four rather slender pillars from the light chamber. The roof stones to the stone lantern are adorned with floral patterns around the edges, and the eaves of the lantern have a gradual curve upwards at the corners. Perhaps the most unique aspect of the stone lantern is the flame-shaped ornament at the top of the structure. The entire stone lantern looks strong, yet vulnerable. It’s also the second largest historical stone lantern in Korea next to Stone Lantern at Gakhwangjeon Hall of Hwaeomsa Temple, which is National Treasure #12.

In front of the stone lantern, and in front of an old three-story pagoda, you’ll find a Stone for Worship Taking at Gwanchoksa Temple. The square stone is where people paid respect to the Buddha. The worship stone is rectangular in shape, and it has two-stories. In total, there are three lotus flower reliefs on top of this worship stone. The largest, and most beautiful, of the three is in the centre. Each flower has eight petals. The tips of the petals are sharp. There is some debate as to when this worship stone was first created, but it’s assumed to have been made at the same time as the founding of the temple in 968 A.D.

The final temple shrine hall that visitors can explore at Gwanchoksa Temple stands out in front of both the Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple and the Stone Lantern of Gwanchoksa Temple. This is the Mireuk-jeon Hall. As the name kind of hints at, it’s dedicated to Mireuk-bul (The Future Buddha). Rather interestingly, there are several paintings surrounding the exterior walls to this hall that are dedicated to the founding of Gwanchoksa Tempe. Stepping inside the Mireuk-jeon Hall, you’ll notice that there’s no statues on the main altar, which is reminiscent of the Daeung-jeon Hall at Tongdosa Temple. Instead, what you’ll find is a golden ring painted directly onto a window that looks out onto both the historic statue and stone lantern. To the side of this main altar window is a Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural) and an altar for the controversial Park Chung-hee (1917-1979) and his wife, Yuk Young-soo (1925-1974).

After seeing everything in and around the temple grounds, you can then pass through the historic Haetalmun Gate. This gate is believed to have first been constructed during the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910).

How To Get There

From the Nonsan Intercity Bus Terminal, you can simply take a taxi to get to Gwanchoksa Temple. The ride will take about seven minutes, and it’ll cost you between four to five thousand won (one way).

Overall Rating: 8.5/10

Without a doubt, the Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple, or the Eunjin Mireuk Statue, is the main highlight to Gwanchoksa Temple. You’ll be hard-pressed to find a more impressive statue of Mireuk-bul (The Future Buddha) in all of Korea. It’s both beautiful and otherworldly in the same breath. In addition to this amazing, historic statue is the Stone Lantern of Gwanchoksa Temple, the murals around the Mireuk-jeon Hall and the two-story Daegwangmyeong-jeon Hall.

A look through the Iljumun Gate at the entry of Gwanchoksa Temple. One of the Four Heavenly Kings inside the Cheonwangmun Gate. Making your way up to the main temple courtyard at Gwanchoksa Temple. A look up at the Banya-ru Pavilion. The two-story Daegwangmyeong-jeon Hall. The main altar inside the Daegwangmyeong-jeon Hall. A look inside the Myeongbu-jeon Hall at Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). The swirling stairs leading up to the Samseong-gak Hall. And the view from the Samseong-gak Hall. The Mireuk-jeon Hall with the Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple in the background. One of the murals adorning the Mireuk-jeon Hall depicting the creation of the Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple. A look through the window inside the Mireuk-jeon Hall out towards the Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple. Both the Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple and the Stone Lantern of Gwanchoksa Temple together. A closer look at the face of the historic Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple. One more look at the amazing Standing Stone Mireuk-bosal Statue of Gwanchoksa Temple. And a look back towards the temple courtyard. —


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Live Korean Class -- | [Advanced] ~다 보니까 "Realizing"

Thu, 2021-09-23 19:04





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Nammireuksa Temple – 남미륵사 (Gangjin, Jeollanam-do)

Wed, 2021-09-22 23:32
The 36 Metre Tall Bronze Statue of Amita-bul at Nammireuksa Temple in Gangjin, Jeollanam-do. Temple History

Located in Gangjin, Jeollanam-do, and surrounded by farms, the name Nammireuksa Temple means “South Future Buddha Temple” in English. First founded in 1980 by the monk Seok Heung, the temple doesn’t belong to any of the three prominent Buddhist Orders in Korea; namely, Jogye, Cheontae, or Taego. Instead, it belongs to the Saegye Buddhist Order. This order is so small, in fact, that it isn’t even officially recognized by the Korean government. The sect seems to have been established in the late 20th century as a breakaway from the predominant Jogye-jong Order.

Temple Layout

The temple grounds are broken up into three main temple courtyards that are, rather uniquely, interspersed among some of the local private dwellings. In total, there is a southern, eastern, and northern temple courtyard at Nammireuksa Temple. The first of the three, as you approach from the temple parking lot, is the eastern courtyard. This is also the temple courtyard that houses the main hall on the sprawling temple grounds.

Eastern Courtyard

Leading up the trail that guides you towards the eastern temple courtyard, you’ll notice stone statues of the Nahan (The Historical Disciples of the Buddha) lining the trail intermingled with the shrubbery and the trees. Emerging on the other side of the trail, and now entering the eastern courtyard, you’ll notice the Daeung-jeon Hall straight ahead of you. The exterior walls to this hall are adorned with the Shimu-do (The Ox-Herding Murals). Stepping inside the Daeung-jeon Hall, you’ll notice a golden triad of statues resting in the centre of the main altar. In the centre of this triad rests Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha), who is joined on either side by Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power) and Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom). To the right of the main altar, and hanging on the far right wall is a golden relief of a Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural). And between this relief and the main altar, and still to the right, is a large picture of the founding monk at Nammireuksa Temple. And to the left of the main altar is an Indian-inspired multi-armed and headed Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) statue. And to the left of this statue are a collection of statuettes dedicated to various Buddhas and Bodhisattvas including four jade statues and a pensive Mireuk-bul (The Future Buddha) statue. The entire interior of the Daeung-jeon Hall is lined with Palsang-do (The Eight Scenes from the Buddha’s Life Murals).

Out in front of the Daeung-jeon Hall in the eastern courtyard are a pair of stone pagodas. The first, and the one closest to the Daeung-jeon Hall, is a simple three-story pagoda with a large finial. Slightly to the right, and a little further out, is the thirteen-story pagoda. The base of this pagoda has four Buddhas surrounding it; and rather beautifully, the roof to each story of the pagoda is carved like a traditional temple roof tile. To the left of these stone pagodas is the two-in-one Jong-ru Pavilion/Cheongwangmun Gate. The first story of this structure acts as the Cheonwangmun Gate dedicated to the Four Heavenly Kings, while the second story of this structure houses the four traditional Buddhist percussion instruments. And to the right of the stone pagodas in the eastern temple courtyard is a wall of thirty-three Gwanseeum-bosal statues inside a Plexiglas enclosure. Joining these statues are two larger statues dedicated to Mireuk-bul and Gwanseeum-bosal. Also hidden in the local shrubbery are sixteen colourful statues of the Nahan. Some are a bit scary.

Behind the Daeung-jeon Hall is the wonderfully ornate Yongwang-dang Hall. To gain entry to the Yongwang-dang Hall at Nammireuksa Temple, you’ll need to pass under the stone dragon gate that’s crowned with a stone image of Seokgamoni-bul. Then, you’ll need to walk across a stone bridge that’s adorned with stone reliefs of lotus flowers that spans a Koi pond. Finally on the other side, and entering the Yongwang-dang Hall, you’ll find a beautiful mural dedicated to Yongwang (The Dragon King). In this painting, Yongwang sits atop his throne upon the rolling sea as a pair of dragons twist and turn around the royal throne. The other amazing feature inside the Yongwang-dang Hall is a highly original mural dedicated to Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit). In this mural, it looks to have seven of the eight Sinseon (The Taoist Immortals) to the left with a solitary, stand-alone image of the Sanshin to the right. Sanshin appears to be sitting on top of the mother tiger, while its two cubs are sitting with the seven Taoist Immortals. The mother tiger has its arm outstretched to reach for her two cubs. Very intriguing.

To the rear of the Daeung-jeon Hall, and to the right of the Yongwang-dang Hall, is the subterranean Myeongbu-jeon Hall. This cave shrine hall has dimming lights that change colours, which is somewhat reminiscent of a night club’s lighting. On the main altar of the Myeongbu-jeon Hall rests a stone image of Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife).

Up a neighbouring flight of stairs, you’ll find an uneven stone stairway lined with stone monk statues that leads up to the Sanshin-gak Hall. Out in front of the Sanshin-gak Hall is a pond with a stone image dedicated to a beautiful flowing stone statue of Gwanseeum-bosal. Stepping inside the Sanshin-gak Hall, you’ll find a golden statue and relief of Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) resting on the main altar. The central golden statue of Sanshin is accompanied by two more traditional statues of the shaman deity.

Northern Courtyard

Back at the temple parking lot, and now heading north towards the northern temple courtyard, you’ll probably already have seen the thirty-six metre tall seated bronze statue of Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise) protruding out from the other neighbouring structures. Use this amazing statue as a guide to lead you towards the northern courtyard. Entering into the northern courtyard, you’ll first be greeted by two large stone pagodas. The smaller one, rather amazingly, is the thirteen-story pagoda to the right. This pagoda is joined to the left by a very busy thirty-three-story stone pagoda. While the entire body of the thirteen-story pagoda has Buddhas adorning it, it’s only the base of the thirty-three metre tall pagoda that’s adorned with Buddhas.

To the right rear of these pagodas and a handful of statues that include Podae-hwasang (The Hempen Bag), you’ll find a stone entry guarded by a handful of Geumgang-yeoksa (Vajra Warriors). Climb the first set of stairs and head to the right to see an outdoor shrine with a beautiful collection of Gwanseeum-bosal statues. Continuing up the second flight of narrow stairs, you’ll finally come face-to-face with the thirty-six metre tall bronze statue of Amita-bul, which, purportedly, is the largest of its kind in Asia. This massive bronze statue was first constructed in 2007. Serenely, it looks out towards the rolling mountains with another collection of stone statues dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal and her thirty-three incarnations.

It should come as little surprise then that fronting this massive bronze statue to the front left is the equally massive Gwaneum-jeon Hall at Nammireuksa Temple. The front doors to the Gwaneum-jeon Hall are beautifully adorned with floral latticework. Stepping inside the Gwaneum-jeon Hall, you’ll be overwhelmed by the beautiful Gwanseeum-bosal iconography inside this temple shrine hall. Resting on the main altar is a triad centred by Amita-bul and joined by Daesaeji-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom and Power for Amita-bul) and Gwanseeum-bosal. This triad is housed underneath a peculiar canopy. Filling out the rest of the interior of thirty-three beautiful and colourful reliefs dedicated to the thirty-three incarnations of Gwanseeum-bosal.

Southern Courtyard

Now heading towards the southern temple courtyard at Nammireuksa Temple, you’ll need to pass under the amazingly impressive Cheonbul-tap. This nine-story stone pagoda has an entry at the base that you’ll need to pass through to gain entry to the southern courtyard. On either side of the entry and exit of this pagoda are the Four Heavenly Kings. Next, and at the base of the body, are lotus reliefs. And the nine-story body of the pagoda is adorned with Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. It’s definitely one of the more unique pagodas you’ll find in Korea.

Now, having passed through the low-lying Cheonbul-tap, you’ll first encounter the Manbul-jeon Hall. Above the entry to this wonderfully fantastic shrine hall are twin stone pagodas that stand seven stories tall. The left pagoda is dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal. Each of the stories is adorned with a standing statue dedicate to the Bodhisattva of Compassion. And each of the body’s eight sides has an indent where you’ll find another image, this time, of a seated Gwanseeum-bosal. The pagoda to the right, on the other hand, is dedicated to Jijang-bosal. Like the pagoda dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal, you’ll find standing and seated images of the Bodhisattva of the Afterlife adorning every angle of the seven-story pagoda.

You’ll need to duck down to enter the low-lying entryway to the Manbul-jeon Hall. In the expansive corridor leading into the Manbul-jeon Hall, you’ll find grotesque images of those souls suffering in the afterlife. Stepping inside the Manbul-jeon Hall, you’ll instantly realize why this temple shrine hall is called the Manbul-jeon Hall. Joining the ten metre tall statue of Amita-bul, who holds a tiny Gwanseeum-bosal statue in his left hand and an equally smaller sized statue of Jijang-bosal in his right, are ten thousand statuettes dedicated to Jijang-bosal. The ceiling to this shrine hall are painted with large murals dedicated to the Siwang (The Ten Kings of the Underworld). There is also a corridor that lines the Manbul-jeon Hall. This wooden corridor is situated underneath the stands that hold the thousands of tiny Jijang-bosal statues. This wooden corridor is lined with prayer wheels and a statue dedicated to Podae-hwasang. You’ll also find murals dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal lining these wooden corridors, as well.

The final area that visitors can explore at Nammireuksa Temple is the artificial pond out in front of the Manbul-jeon Hall. There are a few trails through the trees that connect the Manbul-jeon Hall to the artificial pond. To the far right, and tucked away in the corner of the pond, is a splendid oval-shaped outdoor stone shrine dedicated to Chilseong (The Seven Stars). If you’re really lucky, you’ll be able to see the head monk at Nammireuksa Temple float across the pond on a large, manufactured lily pad.

How To Get There

There are a few buses that head towards Nammireuksa Temple. These buses are Bus #13, #13-6, and Bus #13-7. However, it should be noted that one or more of the rural bus stops might be closed along the way. So from the Gangjin Bus Yeogaek Terminal, you’ll need to board one of these three buses. If you take Bus #31, it’ll take thirty-one stops from the terminal. If you take Bus #13-7, it’ll take seventeen stop. And if you take Bus #13-6, it’ll take twenty stops. For all three of these buses, you’ll need to get off at the Pung-dong bus stop. From this stop you’ll need to walk five minutes, or four hundred metres, to get to Nammireuksa Temple. Just follow the signs as you go.

The easiest way, however, to get to Nammireuksa Temple from Gangjin, is to simply take a taxi. The ride will cost you 17,000 won (one way), and travel 12.7 km.

Overall Rating: 8.5/10

There is just so much to see and explore around the expansive temple grounds at Nammireuksa Temple. In the eastern courtyard, it’s definitely the Yongwang-dang Hall and the subterranean Myeongbu-jeon Hall that you’ll need to keep an eye out for, especially the murals dedicated to Yongwang (The Dragon King) and Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit), as well as the artwork housed in and around the Daeung-jeon Hall. As for the northern courtyard, the highlights are definitely the thirty-six metre tall bronze Amita-bul statue and its accompanying Gwaneum-jeon Hall and the courtyard pagodas. As for the southern courtyard, the main highlights are the Cheonbul-tap pagoda, the artwork in and around the Manbul-jeon Hall, and the artificial pond with the oval outdoor shrine dedicated to Chilseong (The Seven Stars). If you already couldn’t tell, this temple will take you some time to enjoy and explore. But it’s most definitely worth it, even though its location is a little out of the way.

The Jong-ru Pavilion/Cheongwangmun Gate in the eastern courtyard at Nammireuksa Temple. The pair of pagodas in the eastern courtyard. A look inside the Daeung-jeon Hall. The bridge that spans the Koi pond as you head into the Yongwang-dang Hall. The Yongwang mural inside the Yongwang-dang Hall. And it’s joined by this beautiful Sanshin mural inside the Yongwang-dang Hall. The colourful subterranean Myeongbu-jeon Hall at Nammireuksa Temple. The golden main altar inside the Sanshin-gak Hall. The two tall pagodas inside the northern courtyard at Nammireuksa Temple. The beautiful 36 metre tall bronze statue of Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). This statue is fronted by the thirty-three incarnations of Gwanseeum-bosal. The view that Amita-bul gets to enjoy of the neighbouring Gwaneum-jeon Hall. A look inside the Gwaneum-jeon Hall. A look around the interior of the Gwaneum-jeon Hall at some of the colourful thirty-three incarnations of Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). The Cheonbul-tap pagoda at the entry of the southern courtyard at Nammireuksa Temple. The amazing entry to the Manbul-jeon Hall with the twin pagodas at its entry. A look inside the Manbul-jeon Hall at the ten metre tall statue of Amita-bul, which is then backed by the ceiling murals of Siwang (The Ten Kings of the Underworld). The artificial pond in the southern courtyard. And the unique outdoor shrine dedicated to Chilseong (The Seven Stars). —


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imac A1419 27" 2017 i5/512GB SSD+1TB/24GB/Radeon Pro 570

Wed, 2021-09-22 21:55
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: GijangContact person by email

imac 27" Retina 5K display 2017

CPU:i5-7500 3.4Ghz Quad core


GPU: Radeon Pro 570 4GB GDDR5

Samsung Evo 970 512GB NVME m.2 SSD + 1TB HDD

There's a crack on lower left side bezel(not affect normal use for me anyway)

reddish edge present 

Delivery can be arranged.

Asking 900,000 won

call or text 010-2833-6637

IMG_07201.JPG IMG_0722.JPG
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(으)려면 "If you want to" | Live Class Abridged

Wed, 2021-09-22 16:13

This past Sunday I taught a live Korean class all about the grammar form (으)려면, which is a shortened version of the grammar (으)려고 하.

(으)려면 is used to mean "If you want to." However, it's different than just using ~고 싶으면 or ~고 싶다면, which literally also mean "If you want to." We discuss how it's different in this live stream.

Also in addition to (으)려면, you might see (을/ㄹ)려면 and (을/ㄹ)라면, which are alternate versions of this grammar form - although they're both incorrect grammar.

The post (으)려면 "If you want to" | Live Class Abridged appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.





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3 month old tuxedo kitten needs loving home

Wed, 2021-09-22 13:16
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: seomyeonContact person by email

I found V, a tuxedo kitten, july 29th, when he was ~ 2 weeks old.  He was sick but was treated and now he is healthy and active.  He likes to play and likes being around people.  He'll play, then when he's tired he'll curl up next to you.

He hasn't been neutered or had any shots yet.  He hasn't been outside since I've found him.  I never intended on keeping him, just fostering him.  I couldn't leave him there to die.  If anyone is i tereated please message me.  I'm not charging anything, and you can have his litter box, food, and toys.

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Bukhansan National Park (북한산국립공원)

Tue, 2021-09-21 09:24
— From Korea with Love



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추석 잘 보내세요! (Happy Korean Thanksgiving Day!)

Tue, 2021-09-21 04:43
— From Korea with Love



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Using 間 (간) instead of 동안 (한자) | Korean FAQ

Mon, 2021-09-20 16:42

There are two common ways you can say "for 2 years." You can say 2년 동안 or 2년간. The second uses the Hanja 間 (간). But then what's the difference between these two uses? And what's the difference between the words 間 (간) and 동안?

I made a short video covering 間 (간) and how to use it, in this week's "Korean FAQ" episode.

The post Using 間 (간) instead of 동안 (한자) | Korean FAQ appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.





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Using 間 (간) instead of 동안 (한자) | Korean FAQ

Mon, 2021-09-20 13:00





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HI, I am looking for a English exchange friend.

Mon, 2021-09-20 08:23
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Haeundae New TownContact person by email

HI, I am looking for a English exchange friend. I am living in Haeundae New town and I am Korean woman. In haeundae New Town, there are beautiful mountain, reservoir and nice restaurants, Why don't we talk in  English  and Korean in beautiful  nature. My major is Archeology and Psychology. I am good at  history and cooking and can  guide you nice places and restaurants in Haeundae .

we can arrange time.

If you are interested, please send  me an E-mail

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Free Tv (has issues*)

Sun, 2021-09-19 15:32
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: 대연동 Contact person by email

This tv is still working, but has a light ‘buzz’ sound when turned on, and the screen may occasionally dim on one side. If someone is interested in possibly repairing this, or may need something temporary, it’s free to pick up. Samsung LCD 32 inch Multiple ports, HDMI (2), USB

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Chuseok Sale - new coffee cups

Sun, 2021-09-19 09:31
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Seomyeon Contact person by email

I am selling never used coffee cups . With boxes . &nbsp;1 cup 10000w. &nbsp; 2 cups 17000w &nbsp; &nbsp;3 cups 25000 w &nbsp;4. Cups 32000 w. 5 cups 39000 w. &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;I can meet you in Seomyeon on a McDonalds if you interested in buying cups. &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Happy Chuseok. &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p>

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DIY Deck Tiles-NEW!

Sun, 2021-09-19 03:12
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: SaijikContact person by email


I live on a roof-top house and I purchased A LOT of DIY Deck Tiles! My thought was to create a space off the concrete in the shade, however, as I learned about my roof space; I learned....I didn't need them!

Yikes! I have 3 boxes of them! I only opened one and looked at the instructions. Super easy click system.

Perfect for balcony area!

Each box has 42 tiles and are dark brown in color. Each tile is 30cm x 30cm x 1.9cm (W*L*H)

See pictures!

I paid 237,000 KRW.. I am open to offers...:-)

Ever Home Easy Deck Tile D.I.Y. Toys Flooring Materials 36P+6P Total42P Prefabricated Wood Flooring




Send me an email if interested! Thanks!

[email protected]

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Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Korean Street Fashion

Sat, 2021-09-18 18:16
Location: Business/Organization Type: Website: https://korean-street-fashion.com/

Clothes shape who we are in the eyes of others, but they also allow us to bond with others who share our style. Apart from shoes, jewelry and accessories, the most important part of a clothing style is the clothes. And if you're here, chances are you're interested in korean clothes. As you probably know, korean fashion is divided into different subtypes, the main ones being streetwear and casual korean fashion.

In this collection, you'll discover Korean clothes that you can incorporate into your wardrobe to create the Korean style. Let's look at the various Korean clothing that you can put in your wardrobe.

Korean Tops

Tops are an essential element of every korean style. If you're looking to wear an crop top or a long-sleeved shirt when it's cooler there is always something you love in korean clothes. Also, don't forget the summer tops or the many kinds of tops: stripes and polka dots in plain colors.

Korean Blouses

The female tops are a wide variety and a range of. However, to make an everyday outfit more stylish there's nothing better than an elegant blouse. With its airy and vaporous appearance, it adds elegance and lightness to your daily outfit. The blouse is dressed up than a basic t-shirtbut is less formal than the top. It is authentic, and it goes with you everywhere, be it made of cotton, voile or satin. It's great to layer it over jeans, pants or shorts, or even a skirt. From day to evening, this blouse is the perfect all-rounder.

Korean Shirts

From denim shirts to white shirts, lumberjack shirt, Hawaiian shirts, pajamas and polka dot tops and floral shirts the modern woman has a lot of options. It's a fact that the korean shirt is the ideal shirt to keep up with the fashions that are constantly changing the korean fashion scene. With its timeless cut, you will be able to play around with them in a safe manner.

Korean Jumpsuit

An outfit of pants as well as a shirt together and the jumpsuit offers some practicality to be a perfect fit for those who are glued to the front of their closets without having a clue about what to put on. If you're comfortable and comfortable, the korean jumpsuit is fashionable and elegant. A unique evening dress that has a distinctive character, the jumpsuit is the perfect alternative to a formal dress or tuxedo for women. In a casual and vibrant style the suit can be worn casually but always with that snazzy touch that we love in it.

Korean Short Jumpsuit

A combination of a shorts and a jumpsuit and here's the short jumpsuit, a typical garment taken from the dungarees that has nevertheless become fashionable, feminine, and fashionable. It all depends on the style selected. The shorts' combinations are a variety of styles. They can be casual, wearing denim, for instance, and with straps that are small or an embroidered floral design. A korean short jumpsuit can be extremely elegant, such as in strapless black and strapless versions with heels and a classy clutch. In the summer is when we showcase his looks apart from skirts and dresses. It is a good way to bring some freshness to the style of his clothes.

Korean Vests

It's now an essential item for winter. It is warm, practical, and comfortable the long vest is the ideal piece to wear on days you're shivering due to the cold. It doesn't matter if you put it on to relax on the weekend or dress it as trench coat can be adapted to any situation and style. It is also a great option during summer when the nights cool down. With buttons, a belt or even flaps that fold inwards, the korean vest plays the role of femininity and elegance with warmth and convenience.

Korean Skirts

From trapeze-style skirts to midi dresses pencil skirts or pleated skirts the skirt is one of a few clothes which can be changed indefinitely. However, if trends guide season after season, the fashion of korean skirts to be plebiscitein style, it's not essential to forget that it is best to pick a skirt based on its morphology , rather than to the mood of the moment...

Korean Pants

An essential component of every day outfits Pants are an essential element of a woman's wardrobe. They allow you to feel at ease while looking elegant, casual, or cozy. The style and style of korean pants, we are able to experiment with different kinds of styles. Wide-legged pants allow to be worn with an untight jacket and sneakers, to channel the 70s. The slim cropped pants look chic when paired with high-heeled shoes as well as a blouse with the flounce collar. To be specific, the straight flare pants are classic when worn with a pair turtlenecks and derby shoes.

Korean Jeans

From skinny jeans to flare jeans from dad jeans and boyfriends, korean jeans are now the staple of our wardrobes over time. In fact, it is difficult to imagine today that they could live without the fundamental element of our clothes. It's important to note that due to its casual, transgenerational and casual look they are effortlessly incorporated into any style...

Korean Shorts

They're the perfect complement for skirts, as they combine the elegance, comfort and feminine. They have been a fashion staple. We wear them in summer time to soak up the sun and the heat however, they can also be fashionable in winter. Since it can be cut in a variety of cuts, lengths, and styles The korean shorts can easily be adapted to all morphologies , and any style preference including casual, sexy elegant urban music...

Korean Lingerie

Since the past few years the women's underwear is now an actual fashion accessory. Diversity is definitely the order these days, in terms of fabrics and colors, or patterns cut, shapes... Panties made of cotton and white bras with lace share the spotlight with various designs, from the classic to the most sexiest. Korean Lingerie is a hit at all tables to delight every woman, regardless of their tastes and their morphology.

Korean Swimsuits

An essential for summer swimming suits are fun to wear when the first signs of sunshine start to show. The trend of democratization was triggered by the Second World War, swimsuits tend to be minimalist, and occasionally contemporary. In order to showcase your femininity and be comfortable, you need to pick the right one. Based the type of your physique and preferences it is possible to choose one-pieces, bikinis or trikini, or tankinis.

Korean Coats

As one of the most essential pieces in your wardrobe, this piece has an unique and crucial place to go for the cold winter days and gray day of fall: the coat. More long than a jacket or a blouson korean coat is able to reach the legs, as well as the ankles in the longer models. Most often, it is comprised of wool, it's designed to be warm enough you can wear it in any weather.

Korean Sweaters

It is warm all winter and can be used on cold summer nights. A korean sweater is among the essential clothing can be worn with pants and with skirts. Made from wool and featuring sleeves that are long, it has a wide range of style options. A turtleneck or a V-neck sweater can be warm, and sometimes sexy. The necklines differ from one model to another , and so do the shapes, cuts, designs, colors, and colors. Long or short and close to the body , or extra-large, you'll be able to find a sweater that fits your style and morphology.

Korean Dresses

With the skill of the designers of today Dresses are now offered in every style they are not the exclusive domain of women who are ultra-feminine. Based on the print and cut as well as appearance, korean dresses can indeed be an attractive piece of an neo-romantic or minimalist wardrobe. A dress that breaks the rules of traditional femininity can be worn as an element that is modern in the modern wardrobe.

Korean Overalls

Traditionally reserved for those working in factories or in fields, overalls are now a regular item of our closets. Denim dungarees are fashionable and casual styles, particularly when paired with a sailor's suit as well as white sneaks. It's also stylish and chic, especially when paired with a formal dress. Flexible and transgenerational, the overalls can be worn throughout the year, no matter the weather.

Korean Jackets

From the tweed blazer all the way to the suit jacket or the jeans garment to the jacket made of leather are available in a variety of styles and colors. The classic pieces are often an example of the latest fashions. The blazer is seen as adopting an masculine look and for instance, the korean denim jacket sporting an oversize style, and the perfect nineties fashion, while the suit jacket has it own stripes of tennis...

Where can I buy korean clothes?

If you're fortunate and you've got korean clothing stores close to you, and you are able to purchase Korean clothing. If you're not fortunate, don't fret! Today, there are sites which specialize in selling korean clothes. Whatever your location you'll be able to purchase Korean clothing.

What is the cost of korean clothing cost ?

It's a fantastic question. To be honest asking the amount Korean clothes cost is similar to asking about what the cost of a car is. The cost of Korean clothing will differ based on many aspects, including the quality of fabrics employed, the authenticity and elegance of the garments as well as whether they are brand new or second-hand. If you decide to purchase your Korean clothes secondhand it is likely to be less expensive, however you'll also be restricted in the variety of clothes you can purchase.

Then there is the quality of clothing. Like all kinds of clothes, Korean clothing can be offered in various levels of quality that range from basic to extremely robust. As you would imagine, the lower the cost, the greater chance that the quality is low. When you shop online, bear this in your head. For a rough idea of what to expect, the least expensive Korean clothing is an item of socks for less than $10. The most expensive would be an outfit that costs around $200.

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