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Singing a Korean Song

Tue, 2022-06-14 03:17

I teach in a private school in China.  About 1/3 of my students are Korean.  Their life is difficult because they not only are studying Korean in the school but English and Chinese as well.  I was trying to think of something I could do at the end of the year to encourage them and say good bye (I will be leaving China this year.)  My decision - I would to sing the song "You Raise Me Up" to them in English..and then in Korean.  I don't know any Korean.  I have heard that the romanization of Korean is not very useful, but I don't think I have time to learn all of the word in the song by learning to read Korean.  Does anyone have any suggestions?

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Master Politeness Levels with Billy Go | #10: Honorific Nouns

Mon, 2022-06-13 12:43

We're up to lesson 10 in the series! This lesson is all about what are known as Honorific Nouns - nouns that are used when referring to other people which show extra respect.

This is lesson 10 out of a total of 24. Note that YouTube Channel Members can currently watch the entire course right now on my channel. I'll also be posting a new episode every week until the series is complete.

The post Master Politeness Levels with Billy Go | #10: Honorific Nouns appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

www.GoBillyKorean.com

 

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Kaesimsa Temple – 개심사 (Mt. Chilbosan, Hamgyongbuk-to, North Korea)

Mon, 2022-06-13 00:32
Kaesimsa Temple in 1913. (Picture Courtesy of the Buddhist Art of North Korea – Documentation in Gelatin Dry Plates). Temple History

Kaesimsa Temple [Gaesimsa Temple] is located on Mt. Chilbosan (1,103 m) in Hamgyongbuk-to, North Korea. And for the rest of this article, it should be noted, that the spelling of North Korean places will use the North Korean style of spelling. Kaesimsa Temple was first founded in 826 A.D. during the Palhae [Balhae] Kingdom (698-926 A.D.). The temple would later be restored in 1377 during the Koryo [Goryeo] Dynasty (918-1392). Originally, it was believed that the temple was first established in 1377. However, during excavation work and repairs conducted at the temple in 1983, it was discovered that the temple was in fact founded in 826 A.D., which is much earlier than once thought.

The temple would act as a location for the collection of important Buddhist sculptures, paintings, and texts. The temple is also home to a 180 kg bronze bell that was made in 1764. It’s also around this date, in 1784, that the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall] that currently stands at Kaesimsa Temple was built. The temple would then undergo major repairs in 1853. And in 1923, the Manse-ru Pavilion that once stood out in front of the Taeung-jeon Hall collapsed during a flood.

Currently, Kaesimsa Temple is made up of some six buildings. It’s the largest Buddhist temple in Hamgyongbuk-to. Additionally, Kaesimsa Temple is North Korean National Treasure #120.

Temple Layout

As you first approach the temple grounds, you’ll notice that Kaesimsa Temple is surrounded by a beautiful, mature forest. Straight ahead of you, and where the historic Manse-ru Pavilion once stood, you’ll find a newly built Manse-ru Pavilion. This entry pavilion looks out onto the neighbouring countryside. As for the interior of the Manse-ru Pavilion, you’ll find vibrant dancheong colours adorning it, including a floral painted ceiling.

Straight ahead of you is the historic Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall]. The main hall is fronted to each side by the Umhyang-gak Hall and the Simgom-dang Hall [Simgeom-dang Hall]. The front latticework to the Taeung-jeon Hall is rather plain, but the eaves are intricate and detailed. The eaves are adorned with dancheong and a collection of Gwimyeon (Monster Masks) at the butt of the sectional beams.

Stepping inside the Taeung-jeon Hall, you’ll be welcomed by one of the more ornate interiors to a North Korean Buddhist temple. Typically, they are more understated than their southern cousins. On the main altar, you’ll find five statues. In the centre rests an image of Birojana-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy). This central image is joined to the immediate right and left by two standing images of Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). The image of Gwanseeum-bosal to the right is an eleven-headed image of the Bodhisattva of Compassion, while the standing image to the left is a nine-headed image of Gwanseeum-bosal. Looking up at the ceiling of the main hall, you’ll find beautiful floral designs and two large, wooden dragons. On the far left wall, you’ll find two older murals joined by a more recent mural. One of the older murals is dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife) and the other is a Gamno-do (Sweet Dew Mural). These two are joined by a Chilseong (Seven Stars) mural. And to the right of main altar, you’ll find a collection of three older murals. The first to the far right a Samjang-bosal-do mural. To the left, you’ll find a mural that contains five of the ten Siwang (The Ten Kings of the Underworld). And to the left of this mural is an older looking Sanshin (Mountain Spirit) mural. You can tell that Kaesimsa Temple was once a historic repository for paintings from the interior of the Taeung-jeon Hall.

And to the immediate right and left of the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall], you’ll find the Sanshin-gak Hall and the Kwanum-jeon Hall [Gwaneum-jeon Hall]. The Kwanum-jeon Hall stands to the right of the Taeung-jeon Hall, while the Sanshin-gak Hall stands to the left. Perhaps the Sanshin mural that resides inside the Taeung-jeon Hall has been moved to this this diminutive shaman shrine hall.

Also somewhere on the temple grounds, you’ll find a large collection of historic stupas (budo) and stele (biseok). They were once more scattered, but they now seem to be more gathered and behind a protective fence.

How To Get There

For now, in today’s political climate, you don’t. But hopefully one day soon we can. Below is a map of where to find Kaesimsa Temple on Mt. Chilbosan Hamgyongbuk-to, North Korea.

Overall Rating: 8.5/10

As always, a North Korean temple rates a bit higher because of its off-limits location. With that being said, the main highlight to Kaesimsa Temple is the Taeung-jeon Hall and its beautiful interior. There are a handful of beautiful older murals inside the Taeung-jeon Hall like the Gamno-do (Sweet Dew Mural), the Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife) mural, and the Samjang-bosal-do mural. In addition, Kaesimsa Temple is also home to a very rare Sanshin-gak Hall.

Historical Picture of Kaesimsa Temple The stupa and stele field at Kaesimsa Temple in 1913. (Picture courtesy of the Buddhist Art of North Korea – Documentation in Gelatin Dry Plates). Kaesimsa Temple Now Kaesimsa Temple before the current Manse-ru Pavilion was built. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The rebuilt Manse-ru Pavilion. (Picture courtesy of Naver). Inside the Manse-ru Pavilion. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The historic Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall]. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The beautiful woodwork adorning the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall]. (Picture courtesy of Naver). A decorative Gwimyeon (Monster Mask) adorning the exterior of the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall]. (Picture courtesy of Naver). Inside the Taeung-jeon Hall. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The main altar. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The main altar mural. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The mural dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife) to the left of the main altar. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The seven Buddhas at the top of the Gamno-do (Sweet Dew Mural). (Picture courtesy of Naver). And the final mural to the left of the main altar is this Chilseong (Seven Stars) mural. (Picture courtesy of Naver). A look towards the right of the main altar. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The Samjang-bosal-do mural to the right of the main altar. (Picture courtesy of Naver). And the Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) mural to the right of the main altar, as well. (Picture courtesy of Naver). A look up towards the ceiling of the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall]. (Picture courtesy of Naver). A better look at the long-blue dragon occupying the ceiling of the Taeung-jeon Hall. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The Umhyang-gak Hall to the front left of the Taeung-jeon Hall. (Picture courtesy of Naver). A look across the Taeung-jeon Hall towards the Sanshin-gak Hall. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The view from the Sanshin-gak Hall towards the Taeung-jeon Hall. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The 180 kg bronze bell from 1764 at Kaesimsa Temple. (Picture courtesy of Naver). And the stupa and stele field as it now appears at Kaesimsa Temple. (Picture courtesy of Naver). —

KoreanTempleGuide.com

Dale's Korean Temple Adventures YouTube

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Legoland Etickets (Sun June 12) HUGE DISCOUNT

Sat, 2022-06-11 01:32
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Legoland KoreaContact person by email

Legoland tickets for Sun June 12 (2 adults, 2 kids). Original price 220,000 won asking for 130,000 won OBO

010 6353 68 three two

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Available to substitute

Fri, 2022-06-10 05:15
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Contact person by email

If anyone is in need of a substitute from June 20 to August 1st. I am available until 1 pm. Monday to Friday.

I have a f visa, a I have taught in korea for 4 years and in the US. 

Name: Ashley

Citizen: American 

Visa: F6

Degree: elementary education 

Qualifications: teaching license,  korea for 3 years teaching. 

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Online professional English British Teacher

Fri, 2022-06-10 02:47
Classified Ad Type: Neighborhood: Contact person by email

Do you want to experience a pure British accent? I like to introduce myself I am an English fluent native English Teacher from the United Kingdom.

Edward Vincent.

Included in the collection.

#Children English #learning English #English enlightenment #Natural spelling #Adult English and more

                          Online virtual English Teacher

                            The Voice of Native English.

I am an English Teacher who can bring students a wealth of knowledge, but also an important bridge for students to contact multiculturalism.

★ Mr. Edward. I like to introduce myself.

British gentleman, standard British English;

Possess a TEFL certificate.

Has rich teaching experience in England, Vietnam especially in the Philippines and South Korea and in many nations which has accumulated many years of teaching experience for many students and in many other countries.

The voice of English bilingual is not difficult

I am an authentic British man. an English teacher with the British English language. with the desired pronunciation you want who will provide our students with more diversified cultural learning and communication opportunities. Mr. Edward is the good teacher we hope you find to be at your satisfaction.

★ Introduction of Mr. Edward

I am a degree educated, qualified EFL teacher. I enjoy being creative and I am also keen to use this creativity to create stimulating lessons to inspire a class. I work well in a team and can communicate well at all levels and ages. Mature and lively, I have a variety of outside interests and remain committed to improving my teaching skills further and contributing to the success of the school.

Mr. Edward is a senior teacher of English education, very creative. He likes to inspire students enthusiasm for learning through various innovations. In his teaching, he is competent in English learning for children, teenagers, adults, for many ages of students. He is experienced in all English and English learning for primary, elementary high school, Collage and adulthood.

Extensive teaching experience for Asian students

Excellent teachers must be accumulated through years of front-line teaching experience, especially for English education, children and adults in different regions have very different learning habits and thinking patterns. Before Mr. Edward has spent time in Vietnam, Philippines also teaching experience in South Korea and many other countries . It can be said that he is very experienced in English learning for many students.

                              Mr. Edward's schedule

Since Mr. Edward Timeline is GMT – 6 California Sur. We can decide at your leisure what time suits you. If you want to know more details, you can add us on WeChat vince170, what's app, Kakao talk vinceedd70, Skype, Zoom, and communicate with us.

[email protected]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Online Professional British English Teacher

Fri, 2022-06-10 01:16
Location: Business/Organization Type: 

Do you want to experience a pure British accent? I like to introduce myself I am an English fluent native English Teacher from the United Kingdom. 
Edward Vincent. 
 
Included in the collection.
#Children English #learning English #English enlightenment #Natural spelling #Adult English and more     
                                          
                                       Online virtual English Teacher 
                                          The Voice of Native English.

 

I am an English Teacher who can bring students a wealth of knowledge, but also an important bridge for students to contact multiculturalism.
 
★  Mr. Edward. I like to introduce myself.
 
British gentleman, standard British English;
Possess a TEFL certificate.
Has rich teaching experience in England, Vietnam especially in the Philippines and South Korea and in many nations which has accumulated many years of teaching experience for many students and in many other countries.

The voice of English bilingual is not difficult
I am an authentic British man. an English teacher with the British English language. with the desired pronunciation you want who will provide our students with more diversified cultural learning and communication opportunities. Mr. Edward is the good teacher we hope you find to be at your satisfaction.

 
★  Introduction of Mr. Edward
I am a degree educated, qualified EFL teacher. I enjoy being creative and I am also keen to use this creativity to create stimulating lessons to inspire a class. I work well in a team and can communicate well at all levels and ages. Mature and lively, I have a variety of outside interests and remain committed to improving my teaching skills further and contributing to the success of the school.

Mr. Edward is a senior teacher of English education, very creative. He likes to inspire students enthusiasm for learning through various innovations. In his teaching, he is competent in English learning for children, teenagers, adults, for many ages of students. He is experienced in all English and English learning for primary, elementary high school, Collage and adulthood.
      

 
Extensive teaching experience for Asian students

Excellent teachers must be accumulated through years of front-line teaching experience, especially for English education, children and adults in different regions have very different learning habits and thinking patterns. Before Mr. Edward has spent time in Vietnam, Philippines also teaching experience in South Korea and many other countries . It can be said that he is very experienced in English learning for many students.
              
                              Mr. Edward's schedule 


Since Mr. Edward Timeline is GMT – 6 California Sur. We can decide at your leisure what time suits you.  If you want to know more details, you can add us on WeChat vince170, what's app, Kakao talk vinceedd70, Skype, Zoom, and communicate with us.
[email protected]

....
 

1.jpg KakaoTalk_20220607_224243651.jpg KakaoTalk_20220607_224243651_01.jpg KakaoTalk_20220607_224243651_02.jpg KakaoTalk_20220607_224243651_03.jpg
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Mahasa Temple – 마하사 (Yeonje-gu, Busan)

Thu, 2022-06-09 23:35
The Daeung-jeon Hall (left) and Samseong-gak Hall (right) at Mahasa Temple in Yeonje-gu, Busan. Temple History

Mahasa Temple is located in the valley fold beneath the peaks of Mt. Hwangnyeongsan (427 m) and Mt. Geumryeonsan (413.6 m) in Yeonje-gu, Busan. “Maha” is a Sanskrit word that means “great” in English. So Mahasa Temple literally means “Great Temple” in English. And according to the Sangryangmun, which was found in the Daeung-jeon Hall and the Nahan-jeon Hall during renovation work conducted at the temple in 1965, Mahasa Temple was first established in the 5th century by the famed monk Ado-hwasang.

Mahasa Temple was later destroyed during the Imjin War (1592-1598). The Daeung-jeon Hall and the Nahan-jeon Hall were rebuilt in 1717. Large-scale renovations were carried out at Mahasa Temple between 1965 to 1970. At this time, the Daeung-jeon Hall, the Nahan-jeon Hall, and the Yosachae (monks’ dorms) were repaired and rebuilt. Later, and between 1995 to 1996, the Samseong-gak Hall was built.

Mahasa Temple is also home to Busan Metropolitan City Tangible Cultural Property #54. This is a painting of a Hyeonwang-do from 1792. The painting depicts one of the Ten Kings of the Underworld (Siwang), who is met three days after a person’s death.

The Hyeonwang-do from 1792 at Mahasa Temple. (Picture courtesy of Naver). Temple Layout

You first approach Mahasa Temple up a twisting road that runs through a gauntlet of old houses, until it suddenly opens up and you’re close to the temple grounds. The road suddenly ends in a dead-end, and you’ll be greeted by a sometimes waterless waterfall. The temple sign at the entry will point you towards a set of wooden stairs that lead to Mahasa Temple.

Finally having mounted the stairs, you can look back through a lush forest to enjoy the views of Busan off in the distance. To your right is a two-in-one temple structure. The first story acts as the Cheonwangmun Gate, and the second story is the Jong-ru Pavilion. A statue of a baby Buddha keeps the Cheonwangmun Gate company. And the Cheonwangmun Gate is beautifully painted with guardians around its exterior, while the interior is occupied by four rather unique blue paintings of the Four Heavenly Kings.

Having passed through the Cheonwangmun Gate, you’ll be welcomed on the other side by a row of rather ugly buildings. The only saving grace in this area are the paintings of the Nahan (The Historical Disciples of the Buddha). It isn’t until you pass through this corridor of buildings, and under one of the temple buildings, that you emerge on the other side and enter into the main temple courtyard.

The main temple courtyard is lined with a perimeter of administrative buildings. Slightly to the left is the Daeung-jeon Hall and the Nahan-jeon Hall. The exterior walls to the main hall are adorned with some beautiful Shimu-do (Ox-Herding Murals). Also, and on each of the buildings corners, up near the eaves, are uniquely carved wooden elephant statues. The building wall to the Daeung-jeon Hall run up against the neighbouring Mt. Hwangyeongsan. Additionally, the two dragon heads that protrude out from the eaves of the shrine hall near the signboard for the Daeung-jeon Hall have long, flowing whiskers. And the front floral latticework is beautiful, as well.

As for the interior, and sitting on the main altar, you’ll find, rather uniquely, two sets of triads. The first, and the smaller one, is the Seokjo Seokgayeorae Samjonjae, which has been a Busan Metropolitan City Tangible Cultural Property since 2003. The triad dates back to the late Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910), and the central image is that of Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). This central image is then joined on either side by Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power). All three smaller sized statues are housed inside a glass case and backed by three larger main altar statues. This backing triad is centred by Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise) and joined on either side by Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) and Daesaeji-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom and Power for Amita-bul). The pillars support the weight of the datjib (canopy) above the heads of the six main altar statues, and they are entwined with paintings of dragons. To the left of the main altar is a golden Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural) relief. And to the right of the main altar is an equally stunning golden relief dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). The rest of the interior is filled with rows of smaller images of Seokgamoni-bul.

To the left of the Daeung-jeon Hall is the Nahan-jeon Hall. The exterior walls have paintings dedicated to the Nahan (The Historical Disciple of the Buddha). As for the interior, and sitting on the main altar, is a triad centred by Seokgamoni-bul. He’s joined on either side by sixteen white statues of the Nahan, as well as a set of paintings depicting the Nahan.

The only other shrine hall that visitors can explore at Mahasa Temple is the Samseong-gak Hall that’s located up a large, steep set of stairs. Before climbing these stairs, you’ll notice a five-story stone pagoda to the left of the stairs. As for the Samseong-gak Hall, the exterior walls are adorned with Sinseon (Taoist Immortal) paintings. Stepping inside the Samseong-gak Hall, you’ll find a triad of paintings dedicated to the shaman deities of Dokseong (The Lonely Saint), Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit), and Chilseong (The Seven Stars).

How To Get There

To get to Mahasa Temple, you’ll first need to get to the Mulmangol subway stop, which is stop #304 on the Busan subway system. From there, you can take a taxi to the temple for about 5,000 won (one way) over a 1.6 km distance. You can take a taxi or simply walk the distance with a map to Mahasa Temple.

Overall Rating: 6.5/10

Mahasa Temple is scenically located in the heart of Busan but removed from the noise and congestion of the city. The interior of the Daeung-jeon Hall, the crowning Samseong-gak Hall, and the historic temple painting are all beautiful highlights at Mahasa Temple. So if you’re in the area, and you’re up for a little adventure, then Mahasa Temple near Dongnae is the place for you.

The view at Mahasa Temple of Busan. The entry to Mahasa Temple. One of the paintings inside the Cheonwangmun Gate of two of the Four Heavenly Kings. A collection of Nahan (The Historical Disciples of the Buddha) that line the entry to the temple courtyard. The Daeung-jeon Hall at Mahasa Temple. A look up at the dancheong and dragon that adorn the Daeung-jeon Hall. Another look up at the dancheong colours with one of the adorning elephant statues. The main altar inside the Daeung-jeon Hall. The view from the Daeung-jeon Hall towards the Nahan-jeon Hall. The main altar inside the Nahan-jeon Hall. The roof tiles for the Nahan-jeon Hall. The elevated Samseong-gak Hall. With a painting of Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) inside. One last look around the temple courtyard at Mahasa Temple. —

KoreanTempleGuide.com

Dale's Korean Temple Adventures YouTube

Inner Peace Art Store
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British English Teacher

Wed, 2022-06-08 06:26
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: NAContact person by email

Do you want to experience a pure British accent? I like to introduce myself I am an English fluent native English Teacher from the United Kingdom. 

If you are interested leave me a message I be waiting ✋️ 

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2022 Repair Cafe Seongdong (Seoul)

Wed, 2022-06-08 04:43
Date: Saturday, June 18, 2022 - 13:00Location: Event Type: 

Toss it? No way!
We invite you to <2022 Repair Cafe Seongdong>!
Q. What is Repair Cafe? : It is a space where you can fix broken items with the help of a guide using prepared equipment and materials.
- We offer space for a day to those who want to fix the broken item themselves.
- You can use the equipment and materials necessary for repair for free.
- Don't worry! Our guides will be there to help you to show you how to use the equipment.
- Even if you don't have anything to fix, you can enjoy prepared coffee and look around!
Hosted by Seongdong-gu Office in 2022, under the supervision of the Seongdong Sharing Center(성동공유센터) and Sosodosi(소소도시), we are going to meet you at the 2022 Repair Cafe Seongdong.
Didn't you think it was troublesome to throw away and a waste to buy a new one while looking at things left in the house? Visit with things you want to fix for yourself and for the Earth!

Event Overview
○ Event name : 2022 리페어카페 성동(Repair Cafe Seongdong)
○ Organized by : Seongdong-gu Office / Seongdong Sharing Center, Sosodosi* (*Repair Cafe Seoul operator in 2018)
○ Purpose : Spreading culture of fixing broken objects, new encounters
○ Date and time : June 18, 2022. (Sat) 13:00-17:00
○ Location : Seongdong Sharing Center (10 Haengdang-ro 6-gil, Seongdong-gu, Seoul)
○ Contents : Fixing broken objects, short class on how to use electric drivers, coffee
○ Broken items: Electronic devices (laptop, radio, etc.), bicycle, fabric/leather, household goods (toys, wooden chairs, etc.)
→ If you have any special parts for repair, you must bring them directly. (Smartphone LCD, bicycle tires, etc.)
○ Participation fee : Free
○ Participation application link : https://forms.gle/ke9fr6eLygLUoapU9
○ Inquiries : Seongdong Sharing Center(성동공유센터)(02-2282-6550) / Facebook 'RepairCafeSeoul' Instagram 'repaircafe.kr'

 

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Kangsosa Temple – 강서사 (Paechon, Hwanghaenam-to, North Korea)

Tue, 2022-06-07 23:24
The Seven-Story Goryeo-era Pagoda at Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] in Paechon, Hwanghaenam-to, North Korea. (Picture Courtesy of the Buddhist Art of North Korea – Documentation in Gelatin Dry Plates). Temple History

Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] is located at the foot of Mt. Baekmasan in Paechon [Baecheon], Hwanghaenam-to, North Korea. And for some of this article, it should be noted, that the spelling of North Korean places will use the North Korean style of spelling. The exact date of when Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] was established is unclear; however, it’s believed to have been first established by Doseon-guksa (826-898 A.D.) at the end of Unified Silla (668-935 A.D.). Originally the temple was known as Yonggunsa Temple [Yeonggeunsa Temple] until the end of the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392), when the name of the temple changed to its current name of Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple]. The name Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] literally means “West River Temple” in English. The reason for this name is because the temple is literally on the west side of the Yesong [Yeseong] River.

Later, it’s said that King Sejo of Joseon (r. 1455-1468) moved a Jangryuk-bul, a large Seokgamoni-bul (The Historic Buddha), to Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] from Wongaksa Temple. In 1592, and during the Imjin War (1592-1598), Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] was destroyed. It was later rebuilt only to be destroyed once more in 1651. Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] was rebuilt, once again, some four years later.

At the end of the Goryeo Dynasty, and the start of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910), Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] was expanded including the building of the Manse-ru Pavilion. It’s also from 1665, during Kangsosa Temple’s [Gangseosa Temple’s] rebuild that both the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall] and the Yosachae (monks dorms) were built. Originally, the monks dorms were used as a Nahan-jeon Hall that housed some five hundred statues of the Nahan (The Historical Disciples of the Buddha). But more recently, it has been converted into the monks’ dorms at the temple.

Currently, there are only a handful of structures still standing at Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple], which partially explains the transformation of the Nahan-jeon Hall into the Yosachae (monks’ dorms). The other structures that visitors can enjoy at Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] presently is the seven-story pagoda that dates back to the Goryeo Dynasty and the temple’s foundation stone some two hundred metres east of the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall].

Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] is North Korean National Treasure #77.

Temple Layout

Kangsosa Temple is located on the west side of the Yesong [Yeseong] River. And it’s surrounded by local farms and a neighbouring forest. The temple courtyard at Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] is compact. The temple grounds are home to only two temple structures: the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall] and the Yosachae (monks’ dorms). Out in front of the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall] is a seven-story stone pagoda from the Goryeo Dynasty (1392-1910). The base of this pagoda is a lotus design. And above that, around that four sides of the pagoda’s base, are guardians. Above these four guardians, and around the first story of the pagoda’s body, are four images of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. And these images continue upwards throughout the height of the historic pagoda. It’s a beautiful example of Goryeo-era Buddhist artistry.

To the left of this pagoda and the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall], and out in front of the Yosachae (monks’ dorms), is another pagoda. The age of this pagoda is unknown, but it’s a five-story structure. As for the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall], it dates back to 1665. The exterior walls are painted white, and the dancheong colours up in the eaves, including the images of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, are now fading or chipped.

Stepping inside the rather spacious interior of the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall], you’ll find a long and wide main altar. Rather uniquely, the triad on the main altar is centred by Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha), who is joined by another image of Seokgamoni-bul to the right and Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) to the left. The statue of Gwanseeum-bosal is backed by a painting of Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). And the central image of Seokgamoni-bul is backed by a Yeongsan Hoesang-do (The Sermon on Vulture Peak Painting). In addition to the individuality found in the form of the three separate main altar paintings, each of the main altar statues sit underneath their own datjib (canopy). The interior of the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall] is filled with dancheong murals that include images of Buddhas, Bodhisattvas, dragons, and Bicheon (Flying Heavenly Deities). As for the rest of the interior, you’ll find three hanging murals inside the main hall. The two murals to the left are dedicated to Chilseong (The Seven Stars), and the rare to find Sanshin (Mountain Spirit) mural in North Korea. However, it does appear as though more and more of these Sanshin-do (Mountain Spirit Murals) seem to be appearing at more and more North Korean temples. And to the right of the main altar is the hanging Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural).

The only other structure at Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] is the former Nahan-jeon Hall, which has now been converted into the temple’s Yosachae (monks’ dorms).

How To Get There

For now, in today’s political climate, you don’t. But hopefully one day soon we can. Below is a map of where to find Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] in Paechon [Baecheon], Hwanghaenam-to, North Korea.

Overall Rating: 7/10

The two main highlights to Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple] is the seven-story Goryeo-era stone pagoda out in front of the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall] and the main hall itself. While the exterior of the Taeung-jeon Hall [Daeung-jeon Hall] is rather plain, both the main altar features like the statues, paintings, and canopy, as well as the shaman murals of Chilseong (The Seven Stars) and Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) elevate this sparsely populated North Korean Buddhist temple.

Historical Pictures of Kangsosa Temple The Daeung-jeon Hall in 1930 at Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple]. (Picture courtesy of the Buddhist Art of North Korea – Documentation in Gelatin Dry Plates). A look at the base of the seven-story Goryeo-era pagoda from 1930. (Picture courtesy of the Buddhist Art of North Korea – Documentation in Gelatin Dry Plates). And an image of a Bicheon (Flying Heavenly Deity) from around the body of the Goryeo-era pagoda. (Picture courtesy of the Buddhist Art of North Korea – Documentation in Gelatin Dry Plates). Kangsosa Temple Now The temple grounds at Kangsosa Temple [Gangseosa Temple]. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The Daeung-jeon Hall and seven-story pagoda in front of the main hall. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The dancheong adorning the Daeung-jeon Hall. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The seven-story pagoda in front of the Daeung-jeon Hall. (Picture courtesy of Naver). A closer look at the base of the pagoda. (Picture courtesy of Naver). One of the guardians adorning the base of the pagoda. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The main altar inside the Daeung-jeon Hall. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The red canopy above the head of the central image of Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). (Picture courtesy of Naver). A look to the left of the main altar. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The image of Chilseong (The Seven Stars) inside the Daeung-jeon Hall. (Picture courtesy of Naver). And the image of Sanshin (Mountain Spirit) to the left of the main altar, as well. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The view to the right of the main altar inside the Daeung-jeon Hall. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural) to the right of the main altar. (Picture courtesy of Naver). The Yosachae (monks’ dorms) to the left of the Daeung-jeon Hall. (Picture courtesy of Naver). And one of the budo (stupa) on the historic temple grounds. (Picture courtesy of Naver). —

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