Subscribe to Koreabridge feed
Updated: 2 hours 25 min ago

Templestay – Lotus Lantern International Meditation Center (Incheon)

Sun, 2022-11-20 23:54
The Templestay Program at the Lotus Lantern International Meditation Center (Picture Courtesy of the Templestay Website). Introduction to Temple

The Lotus Lantern International Meditation Center, much like Jeondeungsa Temple, is located on Ganghwa-do in Incheon. It’s located near the foothills of a low lying mountain and near rice fields. The center was first founded in 1997 by the monk Wonmyeong (1950-2003). Wonmyeong was a monk that spent many years abroad teaching Buddhism. So it was from this that Wonmyeong first founded the Lotus Lantern International Meditation Center.

The Lotus Lantern International Meditation Center Templestay program is entitled A Lotus Flower-Lantern in your Heart!, and it focuses on meditation and chanting services.


From the Gimpo Goldline, which includes the Gimpo International Airport station (G109), you’ll need to get off at Gurae Station (G101). From this station, you’ll need to go out exit #2. From here, take Bus #70 to the Ganghwa Bus Terminal. The bus ride will take about 30 minutes, and you’ll need to get off at the “Mokbigogae bus stop – 목비고개 버스정류소.” Bus #70 leaves every 30 to 40 minutes. From where the bus drops you off, it’ll take about 10 minutes to get to the Lotus Lantern International Meditation Center.

Templestay Program

The Lotus Lantern International Meditation Center offers one Templestay program. The name of the program is A Lotus Flower-Lantern in your Heart! Listed below is the center’s schedule for their Templestay program.

TimeTitle15:30-16:00Registration and Room Assignments18:00-19:00Dinner19:00-19:30Evening Chanting (Yebul, Buddhist Service)19:30-20:00Cham-Seon (Seon Meditation )21:00-04:00Sleeping Time TimeTitle04:00-05:00Morning Chanting (voluntary participation)06:30-07:00Breakfast 07:30-08:30Walking Meditation10:00-11:00Da-Seon (Tea Ceremony)11:00-12:00Break-time12:00-13:00Lunch and Check-Out The facilities at the Lotus Lantern International Meditation Center (Picture courtesy of the Templestay website). More of the facilities at the Lotus Lantern International Meditation Center (Picture courtesy of the Templestay website). Temple Information

Address: 349-60, Ganghwadong-ro, Gilsang-myeon, Ganghwa-gun, Incheon

Tel: 010-3637-9093

E-mail: [email protected]


A Lotus Flower-Lantern in your Heart! – adults – 60,000 won; students (up to 18 years of age) – 60,000 won.

*The cancellation policy is as follows: 3 days before: 100% refund; 2 days before: 70% refund; 1 day before: 50% refund; day of templestay: 0% refund.


Reservations for the A Lotus Flower-Lantern in your Heart!

The Templestay program at the Lotus Lantern International Meditation Center (Picture courtesy of the Templestay website). —


Dale's Korean Temple Adventures YouTube

Inner Peace Art Store



Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Kleinz 43 inch LED TV

Sun, 2022-11-20 11:00
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: NamcheonContact person by email

For sale is a Kleinz 43 inch LED TV.

120,000 won or sensible offer. 

Pick up in Namcheon Dong.


tv3.jpg tv1.jpg tv2.jpg
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Weights and bench

Sun, 2022-11-20 08:05
Classified Ad Type: Neighborhood: Nangmin dongContact person by email


2.5kg×4, 1.5kg×4, bench

20,000  Can possibly deliver.



20221120_160843.jpg 20221120_160339.jpg
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

The Anti-Ukraine-Aid Crowd is Using the Accidental Missile Strike in Poland to Argue, Yet Again, that Escalation is Imminent, so We should Cut Off Ukraine. This is Wrong and has been All Year.

Sun, 2022-11-20 05:31

The anti-Ukraine-aid crowd has jumped from one argument to another to get NATO to stop helping Ukraine since February. Many of these claims are inconsistent, but that makes no difference, because their real purpose is to help Putin win the war by saying anything which might convince NATO to halt aid to Ukraine.

This is why the MAGA right and ‘anti-imperial’ left keep bringing up these arguments. They want Putin to win for their own ideological reasons, but they don’t want to say that publicly, because it is embarrassing to side with a fascist imperialist who commits war crimes. So instead they jump from one disconnected argument to another, whose only commonality is the policy recommendation that we abandon Ukraine. And this week’s missile strike in Poland – likely an accident of Ukraine missile defense debris falling on that country – is being instrumentalized yet again for this purpose.

Let’s review the say-anything laundry list of reasons we should abandon Ukraine:

– First we were told that Ukraine couldn’t possibly win the war, so helping it would needlessly provoke Russia.

– Then we heard that because Russia is a ‘great power,’ there really isn’t much we can do. The Ukrainians just have to suffer like the Melians.

– Then, after Russia stumbled, we heard that aid to Ukraine would prolong the war, so we should cut it off to force a settlement.

– Then, after Russia started losing the war, we heard that aid was so expensive that we couldn’t afford it in these times of inflation and rising energy costs, despite a bill around $100 billion against a combined NATO GDP of $40 trillion.

– Then we heard that NATO aid was depleting NATO’s own weapons stocks so much that it would vulnerable to a Russian attack, the same Russia which can’t subdue Ukraine

– Then we heard that European winter heating bills would be sky high because of the Russian gas cut-off. So we should abandon Ukraine, because Germans and Italians apparently won’t wear sweaters when it is cold.

– Then we heard that aid keeps going a war which might escalate into a NATO-Russian general war, a nuclear exchange, or even World War III.

I find this so exasperating and craven. Pro-Putin MAGA righties should just be honest that they admire the Christian nationalist authoritarianism of Putin and Orban. Similarly, anti-imperial lefties should just say that a Putin victory would be a deserved defeat of Western imperialism, neocons, and the blob. Stop lying and pretending you care about peace or stability or whatever.

I wrote an essay on this for Channel News Asia. After the jump is my pre-edited version of that op-ed.

Relax – The Ukraine War is Not About to Escalate

A persistent stream of commentary on the Ukraine war, since its start in February, claims that it might escalate into a major clash between NATO and Russia. Even more frightening have been suggestions about World War III or even a nuclear exchange.

These scenarios are, thankfully, extremely unlikely. The conflict has, in fact, been characterized by the opposite – geographic containment (to Ukraine) and widespread concern by all parties, including the Russians, to prevent it from widening to new parties or otherwise spiral out of control.

This week’s accidental missile strike in Poland illustrates this caution. At first, it appeared to be Russian-launched missile, and there was some irresponsible Twitter commentary about retaliating against Russia or invoking NATO collective security guarantees. This was beaten back quickly on Western op-ed pages, and officials and leaders of NATO countries have been cautious in their statements. The aggrieved party – Poland – did not seek an Article 5 (of NATO Washington Treaty) invocation of collective security; instead, it sought the much more mild consultations of Article 4 of that treaty.

Further, it is highly unlikely that it was a Russian attack. Were Russia to attack NATO, it would launch a far bigger strike than one rocket against a random Polish farm. Increasingly, it appears that the missile was, in fact, a Ukrainian air defense rocket which tragically crashed in Poland while attempting to shoot down incoming Russian air attacks.

Caution was demonstrated all around in this incident. Russian President Vladimir Putin, for all his belligerence in Ukraine, did not, in fact, take the massive escalatory risk of directly striking a NATO state. NATO did not overreact in response, despite some irresponsible voices leaping to conclusions. Ukraine’s mistake was an honest one: it is trying to defend its cities by shooting at incoming Russian missiles, and this mistake, common in warfare, only happened once. What seemed at the beginning of the week like a major escalatory moment – and it was certainly hyped that way in the media for a day or two – will likely pass with no major change in the war.

This reflects the larger containment of the war to Ukraine itself, and the continuing inaccuracy – likely for pro-Russian political reasons – of those who wish to end Western aid to Ukraine for fear it will lead to Russian-NATO escalation. We know now that US officials have been privately speaking to Russian officials since nearly the start of the war, particularly to discourage Russian nuclear weapons use. We also know, from China’s increasingly public statements, that Chinese President Xi Jinping strongly opposes Russian nuclear weapons use in Ukraine. Putin has threatened nuclear escalation since March yet has not acted on it. He is almost certainly bluffing. Indeed, in a speech in September, he had to explicitly say he was not bluffing about nukes, because he has done so for months. And finally, this month he openly declared Russia would not use nuclear weapons, likely because of the pressure he was feeling from all sides not to take that escalatory step.

Conventionally too, there are widespread signs of caution. NATO rejected Ukraine’s request early in the war for a no-fly zone. This would have required NATO to shoot down Russian air assets over Ukraine, which the West turned down as too risky. Similarly, the West has cautiously expanded the quality of weapons systems it has given to Ukraine. Throughout the war, Western leaders have expressed concern that top-tier systems with long-range strike capabilities, particularly aircraft and certain types of missiles, would be too risky to give to the Ukrainians, who might use them to strike inside Russia. And Ukraine, to its credit, has broadly avoided striking Russia within its borders – even though the laws of war permit that – and it has not used donated weapons to do so.

The reason for all this caution – in the midst of a harsh war characterized by Russian brutality toward civilians – is the obvious fear of escalation in a nuclearized environment. All players are aware that Russia has nuclear weapons and would use them if Russia were invaded. Ukraine, and its NATO backers, very obviously do not want to run that risk and have prosecuted the war with some restraint to avoid giving Putin any excuse to take this step. Russia, and its Chinese backer, are similarly aware of NATO nuclear capabilities and have demurred from escalatory steps such as nuclear weapons or strikes on Ukraine’s supply pipelines inside NATO.

In short, the most obvious conclusion from the actual course of the war – despite routine bouts of alarmism about escalation – is that it is not escalating. The war is not widening, like World War I, much less ‘World War III.’ A better description of conflict is a proxy war, where an outside party (NATO) is supporting a smaller power in a conflict against a great power – for example, in the Vietnam War or the Soviet war in Afghanistan in the 1980s.

Hence, we should have no anxiety about helping Ukraine, within limits. After nine months and major Russia defeats, the war has not ‘spun out of control,’ per the recurrent alarmist interpretations. Indeed, the WWIII narrative is almost certainly motivated reasoning at this point. That is, real purpose of invoking nukes and WWIII is to support a Russian victory by suggesting that NATO abandon Ukraine because NATO assistance is escalatory. There is little empirical evidence to support this claim. We need not facilitate Putin’s imperialism over lurid, exaggerated claims propagated to support his brutal war.

Robert E Kelly
Assistant Professor
Department of Political Science & Diplomacy
Pusan National University



About Me

About this Blog



Terms and Abbreviations

What I am Reading Now




Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Manhwa – Korean comics for entertainment and learning

Fri, 2022-11-18 01:37

In this article, you’ll get to know more about manhwa. Previously, we introduced you to some of the best webtoons from South Korea out there. It may have left you a little bit confused, however, as to whether Korean webtoons are the same as manhwa. If they are not, what is the difference between the two?

Yes, as you may have guessed, manhwa is similar but separate from webtoons. In fact, of the two, manhwa may be the concept that is more familiar to the international audience. And today, we will finally learn all about it!

What is Korean manhwa?

For starters, the Korean word “manhwa” is written as 만화. It is the term used for comics and cartoons, specifically speaking for print cartoons. Oftentimes it also includes animated cartoon TV shows and movies.

Just like the Japanese word manga, which means the same thing, manhwa derives from the word for Chinese comics, manhua (漫畫).

Manhwa genres

It can be said that there are six different genres of manhwa available for readers to enjoy.

  1. Animated cartoons – These are both TV cartoons and animated movies.
  2. Manga for children – These are typically quite humorous and filled with adventure.
  3. Indie manhwa – These can be any type of manhwa by content, but they are not published by a big publishing company.
  4. Political manhwa – These comics center around political topics.
  5. Sunjeong manhwa – These are romance manhwas, and you can think of them as similar to a shoujo manga.
  6. Webtoons – These are comics that are drawn on the computer and published directly onto the Internet. It is debatable whether they count as manhwa at all.

These comics from South Korea typically pay an immense amount of attention to the clothing of the characters. They are often detailed and expressive of the character.

In addition, an equal amount of attention is also paid to the backgrounds of each character to make each story as whole as possible. What’s notable about manhwas in comparison to comics from other countries is that there’s typically less dialogue included.

Korean Manhwa vs. Japanese Manga

Although as terms manhwa and manga have the same meaning, Koreans and Japanese can have vastly different styles and quality of art. Manhwa is typically seen as more realistic than manga, with less over-the-top cartoon-like features.

These Korean comics can also be published in color, while manga is typically a black-and-white work.


One of the points where this more notably shows are hairstyles. Japanese comic books love to go for exaggerated and eccentric hairstyles, such as crazy colors or spiky hair, which is also reflected in its anime version. Meanwhile, for its counterpart in Korea, the hairstyles are kept more natural and down to earth.

Facial and body features

Another outstanding feature is the eyes. In mangas, they are often big, round, and colored. In general, the characters may look more ambiguous with their ethnicity. But in Korean comics, the character’s facial features and eyes are especially distinctively Asian.

Otherwise, the facial features of characters in manhwas may be more exaggerated than realistic. However, more than in the manga, the characters’ bodies are drawn more realistically.

Creative processes

Additionally, there are some big differences in how they are created as well. In the manga industry, the editors have a heavy amount of input into how the end result will look like.

In contrast, manhwa creators themselves have far more power in shaping the end result of the comic books. In other words, the creators behind manhwa get to express more of their artistic vision and creator’s input than manga creators.


Another big difference in this regard is also the fact that there is typically just one creator – also called “mangaka” – behind mangas. In contrast, there is a whole team of artists and the creator working on any single manhwa.

This also explains the difference in the creative process and output dynamics. Similarly, though, the main creator behind a manhwa is called manhwaga (만화가).

Way of reading

Mangas and manhwas are also read differently. Japanese manga is read from right to left and often vertically, just like Japanese in general. However, a Korean comic book goes from left to right, as well as horizontally, as is done in general with the Korean language and most Western ones.

Webtoons vs . Manhwa

Depending on who you ask, webtoons are counted as a subcategory of manhwa. However, they may also be considered as an entirely separate entity. One big way in which they are different is that manhwa, as a term, always refers to South Korean comics, whereas a webtoon can originate from any country.

In other words, the difference is mainly in terminology, as works of manhwa, which are published on the Internet, are typically formatted like webtoons and also considered as such.

A smaller difference is perhaps in accessibility. A printed Korean comic book may be harder to get one’s hands on than a webtoon that is posted for free online.

How can manhwa help in learning Korean?

Reading manhwas can do wonders for your reading comprehension. Not only is the content you’re reading incredibly fun, but it’s also low enough on dialogue and exposition that you do not get overwhelmed by the reading material.

It also makes it easy for you to stop to look up vocabulary you may not know, as well as digest how grammar functions in each of the sentences.

Furthermore, as manhwa and webtoons are largely visual, it can make for a great challenge to try reading through a manhwa, solely relying on the visuals for context when you are unsure of the vocabulary.

In fact, try reading through a South Korean comic once like that, and only on the second time through take out your notes and dictionary.

Wrap Up

The popularity of manhwas and mangas is undeniable, not just in Korea and Japan but the whole world! Have you ever read a manhwa before? What about Japanese manga? What are your favorite comics to read, and would you be interested in finding a similar one among South Korean comics? Let us know below in the comments!

Also, check out our article on Korean webtoons for more information on digital manhwa as well as reading material you can get started with right away. We hope you enjoyed this lesson!

The post Manhwa – Korean comics for entertainment and learning appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

Learn to read Korean and be having simple conversations, taking taxis and ordering in Korean within a week with our FREE Hangeul Hacks series: http://www.90DayKorean.com/learn

Korean lessons   *  Korean Phrases    *    Korean Vocabulary *   Learn Korean   *    Learn Korean alphabet   *   Learn Korean fast   *  Motivation    *   Study Korean  


Please share, help Korean spread! 



Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Portable heater

Thu, 2022-11-17 23:39
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: Nangmin dongContact person by email

Stay warm this winter with this portable heater. It gives out nice warm heat. Has 2 settings. ₩10,000  010•5775•1956

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Gucheungam Hermitage – 구층암 (Gurye, Jeollanam-do)

Wed, 2022-11-16 23:35
Inside the Cheonbul-jeon Hall at Gucheungam Hermitage in Gurye, Jeollanam-do. Hermitage History

Gucheungam Hermitage is located in Gurye, Jeollanam-do on the Hwaeomsa Temple grounds to the north of the main temple courtyard. In fact, Gucheungam Hermitage is one of eight hermitages on the Hwaeomsa Temple grounds. Based on artifacts discovered on the hermitage grounds, it’s believed that Gucheungam Hermitage was built at the end of Silla (57 B.C. – 935 A.D.). As for the name of the hermitage, which means “Nine Levels Hermitage” in English, it’s either a reference to a nine-story stone pagoda that once stood on the hermitage grounds or the nine grades associated with Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). However, a detailed history of the hermitage has long been lost to the passage of time.

Gucheungam Hermitage is home to a three-story stone pagoda, which seems to have been first built during Unified Silla (668-935 A.D.) and a stone lantern from the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392). The seokdeung (stone lantern) is Jeollanam-do Tangible Cultural Property #132.

Hermitage Layout

Immediately when you arrive at Gucheungam Hermitage, you’ll feel this wonderful energy to it. And the first thing to greet you at the hermitage is the Unified Silla-era three-story pagoda. The base of the pagoda has two levels, or stylobate, with the upper stylobate consisting of four flagstones. On the first story of the pagoda, you’ll find an image of a seated Buddha. The pagoda was previously damaged, but eventually restored in September, 1961. Interestingly, there’s some remaining pieces to another historic pagoda in the treeline of the hermitage parking lot, as well.

Backing this three-story stone pagoda is a beautiful, naturally painted, Yosachae. It’s to the right of these monks’ dorms, and past the tea store (for which Gucheungam Hermitage is famous), where you’ll enter the main hermitage courtyard. To the left is the backside of the southern Yosachae building. There is a wooden porch area with a pair of gnarled juniper trees that act as beams to support the weight of the building’s roof.

Straight ahead, on the other hand, is the previously mentioned Goryeo-era seokdeung (stone lantern). The stone lantern stands 244 cm in height. The stone lantern was rebuilt in 1965, and it was designated a Jeollanam-do Cultural Property of Jeollanam-do in 1986. Originally, it’s believed that this stone lantern stood next to the three-story stone pagoda at the entry of the hermitage. In front of the stone lantern is a rectangular stone.

Book-ending the stone stairs that lead up to the Cheonbul-jeon Hall, which acts as the hermitages main hall, are a pair of quince trees. The exterior walls to the Cheonbul-jeon Hall are adorned with various wooden statues like dragons and a rabbit riding a turtle, which is from a Korean folk tale involving Yongwang (The Dragon King). Stepping inside the compact Cheonbul-jeon Hall, you’ll find rows of statuettes dedicated to Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). The first five rows of these statuettes are adorned with a golden cape over each of the dozens of statuettes. And resting on the main altar is a large statue dedicated to Seokgamoni-bul. Tucked away in the left corner is an beautiful, older Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural).

To the right of the Cheonbul-jeon Hall and the historic seokdeung is yet another Yosachae. It’s to the left of this northern Yosachae that you’ll find the Suse-jeon Hall. Housed inside this shrine hall are a pair of modern paintings. The painting to the left is dedicated to Chilseong (The Seven Stars), while the painting to the right is dedicated to Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit). In fact, the Gucheungam Hermitage painting of Sanshin is a modern replica of the shaman mural found at Hwaeomsa Temple.

How To Get There

From the Gurye Intercity Bus Terminal, you’ll need to take a bus bound for Hwaeomsa Temple. This bus leaves every ten to twenty minutes, and the first bus departs at 8 a.m. The final bus leaves Hwaeomsa Temple at 8:10 p.m. From where the bus lets you off, it’s an additional fifteen to twenty minute walk to get to Hwaeomsa Temple. And from Hwaeomsa Temple, you’ll need to continue to head north for about 200 metres to get to Gucheungam Hermitage. The signs should guide you there.

Overall Rating: 5/10

So much about Gucheungam Hermitage is atmospheric. There’s just something about its overall feel and unrushed, historic disposition that gives it the rating it has. Additionally, the three-story pagoda at the entry, the Goryeo-era stone lantern in the centre of the main hermitage courtyard, the crooked juniper pillars supporting the roof of the southern Yosachae, the tea gardens to the rear of the Cheonbul-jeon Hall, and the artwork adorning the main hall (both inside and out). There’s a lot to love about Gucheungam Hermitage, especially if you’re lucky enough to have a cup of tea with a monk or staff at the hermitage.

The southern Yosachae at Gucheungam Hermitage. The Silla-era three-story pagoda in front of the southern Yosachae. The still disassembled historic pagoda in the treeline. The view as you first enter the hermitage. The Goryeo-era seokdeung (stone lantern). The beautiful juniper pillars on the southern monks’ dorms. The Cheonbul-jeon Hall at Gucheungam Hermitage. One of the decorative dragons adorning the Cheonbul-jeon Hall. As well as the decorative Korean folk tale images of the rabbit and the turtle. A look inside the amazing Cheonbul-jeon Hall. The Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural) inside the Cheonbul-jeon Hall. The northern monks’ dorms. A look inside the Suse-jeon Hall at the modern mural dedicated to Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit). —


Dale's Korean Temple Adventures YouTube

Inner Peace Art Store



Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

1 Minute New Course OT│TOPIK SPK--│Kim Mi Sook Teacher--‍--

Wed, 2022-11-16 08:21

Sign-up NOW and get 2-Weeks Free Trial


Learning strategy which is the fastest and easiest way to reach the target TOPIK score,
at a reasonable price of $14 a month.    Stay Connected! MasterTOPIK
Facebook      Kakaotalk        Instagram
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed


Wed, 2022-11-16 04:47





Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

9 Year Experienced Teacher from Canada

Tue, 2022-11-15 19:26
Classified Ad Type: Location: Contact person by email

Hello, there!



I'm looking for a position from January 1st, 2023 and on.

I'm a teacher from Canada. I've been teaching English in South Korea since 2013.

I am seeking a stable academy in Busan with AFTERNOON/EVENING hours.

I will consider Seoul and other areas if the offer is right.

If you're looking for a native English teacher, feel free to contact me and we can go into further detail.

Warm regards,




Justin Harding CV.docx Justin Harding CV.docx Justin 2.jpg Justin1.jpg
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

moving sale PNU

Mon, 2022-11-14 22:36
Classified Ad Type: Location: Neighborhood: PNU Contact person by email

Popcorn maker (unopened) 15,000

Ring light (2 AAA batteries included) 3,000

Gudetama wallet (unused) 5,000

Logitech headphones with mic (unused) 8,000

Water guns 4,000

Hairspray (unused) 7,000

Urban Decay All Nighter (unused) 10,000

Espoir beglow cushion in Ivory (lightly used but refill unopened) 5,000


Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed