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Korean Verbs – The Complete List

Mon, 2021-05-10 00:15

In this lesson, we will introduce you to Korean verbs! They are the most important part of most sentences in the Korean language, so you will want to learn and memorize as many different verbs as possible. Have fun learning these useful and common Korean verbs presented below! Because Korean verbs are typically listed with -다 added to their stems in dictionaries, we will also do so here.

Korean Verbs

In Korea, a verb is called 동사. They have 4 different classifications, namely active, descriptive, existential, and copulas. All these verb classifications are made up of a verb stem and a suffix.

One thing unique about it is that once you get to have a lot of verb vocabulary and know how to conjugate them, you’ll be able to make your own simple Korean sentence. A Korean verb doesn’t need to have a subject to make it stand on its own. A Korean verb, when properly conjugated, can be a sentence on its own.

List of common and useful Korean verbs

Below is a list of useful verbs that will help you build a simple Korean sentence. These are commonly used in conversations. These verbs are in their dictionary form. If you want to verify their meaning, you can use these forms to look them up in the dictionary.

EnglishKorean to go가다 (gada) to teach가르치다 (gareuchida) to point, to indicate가리키다 (garikida) to take, to carry가져가다 (gajyeogada) to bring가져오다 (gayeooda) to have가지다 (gajida) to change (one’s clothes)갈아입다 (garaipda) to change/transfer to (car, metro, train etc.)갈아타다 (garatada) to close one’s eyes감다 (gamda) to appreciate, to thank감사하다 (gamsahada) to hide, to disguise감추다 (gamchuda) to have갖다 (gatda) to develop, to create개발하다 (gaebalhada) to collect; to achieve거두다 (geoduda) to lie거짓말하다 (geojitmal) to worry걱정하다 (geokjeonghada) to walk걷다 (geotda) to call, to dial걸다 (geolda) to go on foot, to walk걸어가다 (georeogada) to come on foot걸어오다 (georeooda) to experience, to undergo겪다 (gyeokda) to endure, to bear, to stand견디다 (gyeondida) to resolve결심하다 (gyeolsimhada) to be decided결정되다 (gyeoljeongdwida) to decide결정하다 (gyeoljeonghada) to marry결혼하다 (gyeolhonhada) to experience 경험하다 (gyeongheomhada) to calculate; to pay계산하다 (gyesanhada) to be continued계속되다 (gyesokdwida) to continue, to do continuously계속하다 (gyesokhada) to confess고백하다 (gobaekhada) to consider고려하다 (goryeohada) to choose, to select고르다 (goreuda) to have a hard time, to suffer고생하다 (gosaenghada) to repair, to fix; to revise고치다 (gochida) to study공부하다 (gongbuhada) to wait기다리다 (gidarida) to expect, to anticipate기대하다 (gidaehada) to remember기억하다 (gieokhada) to see the sights, to look around구경하다 (gugyeonghada) to seek; to get; to rescue, to save구하다 (guhada) to roast, to grill, to bake굽다 (gupda) to draw, to paint그리다 (geurida) to stop, to drop, to quit그만두다 (geumanduda) to work근무하다 (geunmuhada) to dream꿈꾸다 (kumkuda) to boil끓이다 (kkeulida) to finish끝나다 (keutnada) to exit나가다 (nagada) to divide, to split; to share나누다 (nanuda) to pay내다 (naeda) to go down내려가다 (naeryeogada) to come down내려오다 (naeryeooda) to put (something in)넣다 (neotda) to sing a song노래하다 (noraehada) to endeavor, to strive노력하다 (noryeokhada) to play놀다 (nolda) to go to; to attend다니다 (danida) to close닫다 (datda) to go through, to suffer당하다 (danghada) to answer대답하다 (daedaphada) to add더하다 (deohada) to take (a person)데려가다 (deryeogada) to bring, to fetch데려오다 (deryeooda) to pick somebody up데리다 (derida) to arrive도착하다 (dochakhada) to run away도망가다 (domanggada) to help도와주다 (dowajuda) to take care, to look after돌보다 (dolboda) to help돕다 (dopda) to become, to come to되다 (dwida) to fall, to drop; to fail떨어지다 (ddeoreojida) to run, to dash뛰다 (ddwida) to hear, to listen듣다 (deutda) to enter들어오다 (deureooda) to prepare, to arrange마련하다 (maryeonhada) to drink마시다 (masida) to make 만들다 (mandeulda) to meet만나다 (mannada) to touch만지다 (manjida) to speak말하다 (malhada) to entrust, to leave맡기다 (matgida) to tie, to fasten, to wear매다 (maeda) to stay머무르다 (meomureuda) to eat먹다 (meokda) to not know모르다 (moreuda) to gather, to collect모으다 (moeuda) to be incapable, to not be able to못하다 (mothada) to ignore, to neglect무시하다 (musihada) to ask묻다 (mutda) to bite물다 (mulda) to ask물어보다 (mureoboda) to delay, to postpone; to shift blame미루다 (miruda) to believe, to trust믿다 (mitda) to change, to switch바꾸다 (bakkuda) to change, to be changed바뀌다 (bakkwida) to wish, to hope, to want바라다 (barada) to look at바라보다 (baraboda) to oppose반대하다 (bandaehada) to get, to take, to receive받다 (batda) to discover, to find발견하다 (balgyeonhada) to develop, to advance발달하다 (baldalhada) to happen, to occur발생하다 (balsaenghada) to develop, to grow발전하다 (baljeonhada) to announce, to make public발표하다 (balpyohada) to visit방문하다 (bangmunhada) to throw away, to abandon버리다 (beorida) to undress, take off clothes벗다 (beotda) to make (money), to earn (money)벌다 (beolda) to change변하다 (byeonhada) to change변화하다 (byeonhwahada) to see, to watch보다 (boda) to sing; to call (for someone)부르다 (bureuda) to ask for a favor, to request부탁하다 (butakhada) to send보내다 (bonaeda) to fry볶다 (bokda) to blow불다 (bulda) to stick붙이다 (butida) to compare비교하다 (bigyohada) to borrow, to lend빌리다 (billida) to fall빠지다 (bbajida) to remove, to subtract, to take out빼다 (bbaeda) to learn배우다 (baeuda) to pull; to select, to choose뽑다 (bbopda) to buy사다 (sada) to disappear사라지다 (sarajida) to use사용하다 (sayonghada) to love사랑하다 (saranghada) to live살다 (salda) to examine, to search, to check살펴보다 (salpyeoboda) to imagine상상하다 (sangsanghada) to think생각하다 (saenggakada) to be formed, to look (like)생기다 (saenggida) to stand서다 (seoda) to hurry, rush서두르다 (seodureuda) to give a present선물하다 (seonmulhada) to choose, to select선택하다 (seontaekhada) to explain설명하다 (seolmyeonghada) to succeed성공하다 (seonggonghada) to introduce소개하다 (sogaehada) to shout, to yell소리치다 (sorichida) to rest, to relax, to take a day off쉬다 (swida) to start시작하다 (sijakhada) to make (somebody do); to order시키다 (sikida) to have a meal식사하다 (siksahada) to wear (shoes, socks, etc.)신다 (sinda) to make a mistake실수하다 (silsuhada) to dislike싫어하다 (sileohada) to fail실패하다 (silpaehada) to fight, to argue싸우다 (ssauda) to mix, to blend섞다 (seokda) to chop, to slice썰다 (sseolda) to write; to wear (hat, eyewear)쓰다 (sseuda) to wash씻다 (ssitda) to hug, to hold안다 (anda) to sit앉다 (anda) to know알다 (alda) to let somebody know, to inform알리다 (allida) to check, to investigate; to recognize알아보다 (araboda) to promise약속하다 (yaksokhada) to get along; to match어울리다 (eoullida) to borrow; to gain, to get, to take얻다 (eotda) to not have없다 (eopda) to remove, to get rid of없애다 (eopsaeda) to travel여행하다 (yeohaenghada) to study, to research연구하다 (yeonguhada) to practice연습하다 (yeonseubhada) to open열다 (yeolda) to come오다 (oda) to cook요리하다 (yorihada) to exercise운동하다 (undonghada) to drive운전하다 (unjeonhada) to move (around)움직이다 (umjigida) to cry울다 (ulda) to laugh웃다 (utda) to want원하다 (wonhada) to mean의미하다 (uimihada) to be이다 (ida) to win이기다 (igida) to move (house)이사하다 (isahada) to talk, chat이야기하다 (iyagihada) to use이용하다 (iyonghada) to understand이해하다 (ihaehada) to work일하다 (ilhada) to wake up일어나다 (ireonada) to read읽다 (ilda) to lose, to be deprived of잃다 (ilta) to lose something잃어버리다 (ileobeorida) to wear입다 (ipda) to forget잊다 (itda) to forget잊어버리다 (ijeobeorida) to have있다 (itda) to sleep자다 (jada) to cut, to sever자르다 (jareuda) to go well잘되다 (jaldwida) to go wrong잘못되다 (jalmotdwida) to do wrong잘못하다 (jalmothada) to do something well잘하다 (jalhada) to go to sleep, to fall asleep잠들다 (jamdeulda) to sleep잠자다 (jamjada) to catch, to hold잡다 (japda) to be caught잡히다 (jabhida) to measure, to weigh재다 (jaeda) to write적다 (jeokda) to call전화하다 (jeonhwahada) to arrange, to organize정리하다 (jeongrihada) to decide, to determine정하다 (jeonghada) to investigate, to look into조사하다 (josahada) to be careful, to watch out조심하다 (josimhada) to doze off졸다 (jolda) to graduate졸업하다 (joreobhada) to like좋아하다 (joahada) to be sorry죄송하다 (jwisonghada) to give주다 (juda) to order주문하다 (jumunhada) to die죽다 (jukda) to prepare준비하다 (junbihada) to enjoy, to have fun즐기다 (jeulgida) to increase, to grow증가하다 (jeunggahada) to lose, to be defeated지다 (jida) to pass (by)지나가다 (jinagada) to pass, to go by지나다 (jinada) to spend one’s time; to get along지내다 (jinaeda) to delete, to remove지우다 (jiuda) to steam찌다 (jjida) to take (a photo)찍다 (jjikda) to attend, to participate참석하다 (chamseokhada) to find, to look for찾다 (chatda) to take, to pack; to take care of챙기다 (chaengida) to clean청소하다 (cheongsohada) to invite초대하다 (chodaehada) to congratulate축하하다 (chukhahada) to dance춤추다 (chumchuda) to depart출발하다 (chulbalhada) to cancel, to revoke취소하다 (chwisohada) to hit치다 (chida) to raise, to bring up, to grow키우다 (kiuda) to take, to ride, to get on타다 (tada) to be born태어나다 (taeeonada) to go through; to communicate통하다 (tonghada) to turn (an object); to twist (an object)틀다 (teulda) to be wrong, to be incorrect틀리다 (teullida) to deep fry튀기다 (twigida) to sell팔다 (palda) to give up, to abandon포기하다 (pogihada) to include, to contain포함하다 (pohamhada) to express, to show표현하다 (pyohyeonhada) to untie, to unfasten; to solve풀다 (pulda) to bloom, to blossom피다 (pida) to avoid, to escape피하다 (pihada) to need필요하다 (pillyohada) to do하다 (hada) to settle, to solve해결하다 (haegyeolhada) to confirm, to check확인하다 (hwaginhada) to regret후회하다 (huhwihada) to stir휘젓다 (hwijeotda) to flow, to run; to elapse흐르다 (heureuda) to shake, to swing흔들다 (heundeulda) Korean Regular Verbs

Korean regular verbs are called 규칙동사 in Korean. They are easy to conjugate. This means they just follow the verb conjugation patterns when you need to conjugate them.

Let’s take the following words:

가다 (to go)

보다 (to see)

배우다 (to learn)

만나다 (to meet)

These are regular verbs as they can be easily conjugated using the different Korean verb conjugations. This also applies to Korean adjectives.

For example:

가다 (to go) – 가요

보다 (to see) – 봐요

배우다 (to learn) – 배워요

만나다 (to meet) – 만나요

Korean Irregular Verbs

Korean irregular verbs are known as 불규칙 동사. They change their spelling or form when they’re conjugated. They are known as 불규칙 동사 and usually have 받침 (batchim) in them. They are classified according to the 받침 (batchim) they have. However, it’s also important to know that not all verbs that have 받침 (batchim) in them are irregular.

Korean irregular verbs are usually given special rules when using a certain verb conjugation pattern. This also applies to Korean adjectives.

Below are lists of the different Korean irregular verbs. These verbs are also in their dictionary form.

ㄷ irregular verbs

These are Korean verbs that have the letter ㄷ as its 받침 (batchim).

EnglishKorean to walk걷다 (geotda) to load싣다 (sitda) to listen듣다 (deutda) to ask묻다 (mutda) to realize깨닫다 (kkaedatda) to close닫다 (datda) ㄹ irregular verbs

These are Korean verbs that have the letter ㄹ as its 받침 (batchim).

EnglishKorean to play놀다 (nolda) to carry들다 (deulda) to make만들다 (mandeulda) to live살다 (salda) to know알다 (alda) to open, unlock열다 (yeolda) to cry울다 (ulda) to sell팔다 (palda) ㅂ irregular verbs

These are Korean verbs that have the letter ㅂ as its 받침 (batchim).

EnglishKorean to help돕다 (dopda) to hate밉다 (mipda) to envy부럽다 (bureopda) 르 irregular verbs

These are Korean verbs that have 르 as their verb stem ending.

EnglishKorean to divide가르다 (gareuda) to choose고르다 (goreuda) to roll구르다 (gureuda) to bring up기르다 (gireuda) to carry나르다 (nareuda) to press누르다 (nureuda) to flow흐르다 (heureuda) to stab찌르다 (jjireuda) to cut자르다 (jareuda) to climb오르다 (oreuda) to hurry서두르다 (seodureuda) to call부르다 (bureuda) to apply, put on바르다 (bareuda) to not know모르다 (moreuda) to put around두르다 (dureuda) ㅅ irregular verbs

These are Korean verbs that have the letter ㅅ as its 받침 (batchim).

EnglishKorean to recover낫다 (natda) to build or construct짓다 (jitda) to rule긋다 (geutda) to join or connect something잇다 (itda) 으 irregular verbs

These are Korean verbs that have 으 as their verb stem ending.

EnglishKorean to try애쓰다 (aesseuda) to write쓰다 (sseuda) to close끄다 (kkeuda) to rise뜨다 (tteuda) to gather모으다 (moeuda) ㅎ irregular verbs or adjectives

These are Korean verbs or adjectives that have the letter ㅎ as its 받침 (batchim).

EnglishKorean to be yellow노랗다 (norata) to be red빨갛다 (ppalgata) to be black까맣다 (kkamata) to be white하얗다 (hayata) in that way그렇다 (geureota) to be a certain way어떻다 (eotteota) 하다 verbs

Before we get into details what 하다 verbs are, let’s get to know what 하다 means. The verb 하다 in itself simply means “to do” and is considered a regular verb.

You’ll often see the word 하다 in many Korean words, and these are called 하다 verbs.

The verb 하다 is usually added to words that are nouns to make them a verb. For example, the words 걱정하다 (to worry), 공부하다 (to study), and 노래하다 (to sing). When 하다 is removed from these words, what’s left is a noun: 걱정 (worry), 공부(study), and 노래 (song).

Here are some other examples of words made up of a noun and 하다:

EnglishKorean to worry걱정하다 (geokjeonghada) to study공부하다 (gongbuhada) to sing노래하다 (noraehada) to answer대답하다 (daedapada) to speak말하다 (malhada) to deliver배달하다 (baedalhada) to do the laundry빨래하다 (ppallaehada) to ask a favor부탁하다 (butakada) to love사랑하다 (saranghada) Korean Adjectives

In Korea, adjectives are called 형용사. They are also known as descriptive verbs. This is because most of them come from verbs. They are used to describe people, things, events, or experiences.

However, a Korean adjective may originate from a verb, but it can never function as an action verb.

Here are examples of Korean adjectives:

EnglishKorean to be glad, happy기쁘다 (gippeuda) to be angry화나다 (hwanada) to be sad슬프다 (seulpeuda) to be sick, painful아프다 (apeuda) to be scared무섭다 (museopda) to be annoyed짜증나다 (jjajeungnada) to be surprised놀라다 (nollada) to be shy수줍다 (sujupda) to be interesting재미있다 (jaemiitda) to not be interesting재미없다 (jaemieopda) to be loud, noisy시끄럽다 (sikkeureopda) to be hot뜨겁다 (tteugeopda) Korean Passive Verbs

A passive verb in Korean is called 피동사. The common suffixes to make a verb in its passive form are 되 or 돼, 이, 히, 리, and 기.

The suffix 되 or 돼 are used to make a verb ending in 하다 into passive.

For example:

사용하다 (to use)

비교하다 (to compare)

When they are used as a passive verb, they’ll have the following forms:

사용되다 (to be used)

비교되다 (to be compared)

The other suffixes 이, 히, 리, and 기 are used for non-하다 verbs. For example,

보다 (to see)

잊다 (to forget)

열다 (to open)

잠그다 (to lock)

They take the following passive forms:

보다 – 보이다 (to be seen)

잊다 – 잊히다 (to be forgotten)

열다 – 열리다 (to be opened)

잠그다 – 잠기다 (to be locked)

How many verb tenses are there in Korean?

Similar to the English language, Korean verbs also have 3 the main verb tenses. They’re the present tense, past tense, and future tense.

Korean verbs also have the progressive tense and perfect tense.

How are Korean verbs formed based on the tenses?

Korean verbs are formed based on the tenses by verb conjugation. If you want to learn about Korean verb conjugation, you can check our resource here.

How do you say the tenses in Korean?

First of all, the Korean word for tense is 시제 (sije). Below are Korean words for the different verb tenses (present, past tense, and future tense).

EnglishKorean Present Tense현재시제 (hyeonjaesije) Past Tense과거시제 (gwageosije) Future Tense미래시제 (miraesije)

The other verb tense includes the following:

EnglishKorean Progressive Tense진행 시제 (jinhaeng sije) Perfect Tense완료 시제 (wallyo sije)

For the duration of this lesson, you did not need to stress over how to actually put these verbs to use. For this, you would need to know and use Korean conjugations. If you want to get started on forming sentences around these Korean verbs, your next step should be to learn the conjugations, which you can do right here!

The post Korean Verbs – The Complete List appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

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Getting complimented in Korean (Comedy Skit)

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Even as a beginning Korean learner in Korea, I remember being complimented frequently on my Korean. In fact, it seemed as though no matter how good (or poor) my Korean was, I would get compliments. In the beginning, this was very motivating to me, as I felt I was truly improving. However as time went on I started to feel that Koreans simply are surprised to hear any Korean - they're not as picky as I thought at first. It seemed that most native Korean speakers loved to hear when I was trying to speak their language. The compliments only started becoming less frequent as I became able to have full and natural conversations.

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Getting complimented in Korean (Comedy Skit)

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Experienced English teacher looking for work.

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Heungnyunsa Temple – 흥륜사 (Gyeongju)

Thu, 2021-05-06 23:29
The View From the Old Temple Site Towards the New Temple Site at Heungnyunsa Temple in Gyeongju. Temple History

Heungnyunsa Temple was first established by the Goguryeo missionary monk Ado-hwasang. Ado-hwasang came to the Silla Kingdom from the Goguryeo Kingdom (37 B.C. – 668 A.D.) to help spread the teachings of Buddhism. Heungnyunsa Temple was originally built as a poor thatched-roof building. Heungnyunsa Temple was later rebuilt as a great temple of the Silla Kingdom after the martyrdom of the monk Ichadon (501-527 A.D.).

Heungnyunsa Temple, which is also known as Heungnyunsa-ji Temple Site, was the first temple to be officially state-sponsored by the Silla Kingdom (57 B.C. to 935 A.D.) in February, 544 A.D. The temple was expanded and rebuilt from its humble beginnings into a royal temple. So Heungnyunsa Temple served as one of the temples that acted as a protector of both the state and the royal family: a symbol of patriotism, national prosperity, and peace.

During the reign of Queen Seondeok (r. 632-647), and according to the Samguk Yusa (Memorabilia from the Three Kingdoms), an Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise) triad and ten Silla saint images made from clay were enshrined in the Golden Hall (main hall) at Heungnyunsa Temple by Kim Yang-do, who was the prime minister during Queen Seondeok’s reign. However, during the decline of the Silla Kingdom, Heungnyunsa Temple was burned to the ground during an uprising. Heungnyunsa Temple was later rebuilt in 921 A.D. The temple was then destroyed, once more, during the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). It would remain closed until the 1980’s, when it was reopened in its present form.

With all that being said, there seems to be some dispute as to whether the present location of Heungnyunsa Temple is in fact located on the former temple site of Heungnyunsa-ji Temple Site. The temple site was first accidentally discovered in 1910 during Japanese Colonial Rule (1910-1945). It was presumed at this time to be the Heungnyunsa-ji Temple Site. It was also around this time that the Roof-end Tile with Human Face, or “The Smile of Silla” was discovered at this temple site. It was on this piece of tile that “Yeongmyosa” was written. In 1934, a Japanese doctor named Toshinobu Tanaka bought the “The Smile of Silla” tile from an antique shop in Gyeongju. The Japanese doctor would then bring this historic tile to Japan. But then, in October, 1972, “The Smile of Silla” was donated by Toshinobu Tanaka, through the efforts of the director of the Gyeongju National Museum.

It should also be noted that Yeongmyosa Temple was also a temple established in Gyeongju during the reign of Queen Seondeok (r. 632-647). Some historians have postulated that where Heungnyunsa Temple is presently located is in fact the former site for Yeongmyosa Temple. And where the Gyeongju Technical High School is located, which was also a large former temple site, is actually the Heungnyunsa-ji Temple Site. Further excavation work was completed in June, 1972 and 1977.

Heungnyunsa-ji Temple Site is Historic Site #15. As was previously mentioned, “The Smile of Silla” is now housed at the Gyeongju National Museum, and as of 2018, the roof tile was designated Korean Treasure #2010.

“The Smile of Silla” tile now housed at the Gyeongju National Museum (Picture courtesy of Korea.net). Temple Myth

There are several stories about Heungnyunsa Temple in the Samguk Yusa (Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms). One story is related to the prime minister, Kim Daeseong (700-774 A.D.). Kim Daeseong, it should be remembered, was the person that founded both Bulguksa Temple and Seokguram Hermitage to honour his parents both in his current and past life. As for the story from the Samguk Yusa relating to Heungnyunsa Temple and Kim Daeseong, here is the passage from the Samguk Yusa:

“In the small village of Moryang-ri on the western outskirts of Gyeongju there lived a poor woman named Gyeongcho who had an odd-looking son. The child was the laughing-stock of the village because of his big head and flat forehead like a wall. The people called him Daeseong (Big Wall).

“His mother [Kim Daeseong’s mother] was too poor to feed him, so she gave the lad to a rich neighbour named Bokan as a farm labourer. Daeseong worked so hard that his master liked him very much and gave him a small rice field to feed his mother and himself.

“About that time Cheomgae, a virtuous monk from Heungnyunsa Temple, visited the house of Bokan and asked for a donation for a great ceremony at the temple. Bokan gave him fifty rolls of cotton cloth. The monk bowed in thanks and said, ‘You are loving and giving. The great Buddha is pleased with your donation that he will give you ten thousand times what you have donated, and bless you with long life and happiness.’

“Daeseong overheard this and ran home and told his mother, ‘Now we are poor, and if we do not give something to the temple we will be poorer. Why not give our little rice field for the ceremony so that we may have a great reward in our afterlives?’ His kind-hearted mother readily consented and the rice field was donated to the temple through Cheomgae.

“A few months later Daeseong died. On the night of his death a voice from heaven heard above the house of Kim Munryang (?-771), the prime minister, saying ‘Daeseong, the good boy of Moryang-ri, will be reborn in your family.’

“In great astonishment, the prime minister sent servants to the village, and they found that Daeseong was indeed dead. Wonderful to relate, in the same hour as the heavenly announcement the prime minister’s wife conceived, and in due course gave birth to a boy. The child kept the fingers of his left hand tightly clenched until seven days after his birth, and when at last he opened them, the characters for Daeseong were seen written in gold on his palm. They gave him his old name again and invited his previous mother to care for him.”

Temple Layout

There are two ways to enter Heungnyunsa Temple. There’s the main entry to the north and there’s a southern entry through the back side streets. Passing through the unpainted southern entryway, you’ll emerge on the newer side of the temple grounds. Straight ahead of you is the hexagonal-shaped bell pavilion. This elevated bell pavilion, or “Jong-ru” in Korean, has a beautiful Brahma bell housed inside it with a twisting Poroe atop of the bronze bell. And if you look up near the roof of the interior of the bell pavilion, you’ll notice a Bicheon (Flying Heavenly Deity) sprinkling some magic dust down towards the Brahma Bell.

Behind this Jong-ru is the Daeung-jeon Hall. The exterior walls of the main hall are adorned with several beautiful murals including the Bodhidharma and Dazu Huike (487-593 A.D.) mural, the martyrdom of Ichadon (501-527 A.D.), and a beautiful flowing image of an all-white Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). Stepping inside the Daeung-jeon Hall, you’ll find a triad on the main altar centred by Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). This statue is joined on either side by images of Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power) and Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom). To the right of the main altar, you’ll find an older mural and statue dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). Also to the right is a large Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural). And to the left of the main altar, you’ll find a mural dedicated to Chilseong (The Seven Stars), as well as a long mural dedicated to the martyr, Ichadon.

Behind the Daeung-jeon Hall, you’ll find a collection of stone artifacts from the presumed remains of the historic Heungnyunsa-ji Temple Site. Also, you’ll find a collection of three turtle-based Biseok (stele) to the rear of the Daeung-jeon Hall, as well.

To the right of the Daeung-jeon Hall, you’ll find a collection of buildings. These are the visitors centre and the nuns dorms. It’s also in this area, and up a set of uneven stairs, that you’ll find the former site for Heungnyunsa Temple. This is where the temple is believed to be formerly located. It is now occupied by a trail joined on either side by beautiful azaleas.

One of the more interesting features to Heungnyunsa Temple is the uniquely designed memorial in the courtyard in front of the Daeung-jeon Hall. This memorial looks to be a cross between a pagoda and a stupa. There are four separate lions guarding each of the cardinal directions at the base of the pagoda. There are also Bicheon (Flying Heavenly Deities) adorning the base of the pagoda. As for the body of the memorial, there are in fact no stories to this long, slender, black body. Instead, there are Hanja characters written around five of its six hexagonal sides. And on the front side, you see more Hanja characters joined by a relief of the beheading of Ichadon.

How To Get There

To get to Heungnyunsa Temple from the Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal, you’ll first need to head towards the Daereungwon Royal Tombs and Beopjansa Temple. Before you make it to either one of these sites, you’ll notice Highway 35 to your right. Turn right down this highway/road for about a kilometre. You’ll then see a sign with “Heungryunsa – 흥륜사” on it. This sign is elevated and brown. Head down the road where this sign is located. Walk for about three hundred metres down a side street between country houses and past a ride paddy. To your left you’ll see another sign that reads “Heungnyunsa – 흥륜사” on it. The southern entry to Heungnyunsa Temple is to your right.

Overall Rating: 5/10

While certainly not as spectacular as some of the other major temples in Gyeongju, both Heungnyunsa Temple and the Heungnyunsa-ji Temple Site have a certain charm all their own. Just the history alone of this temple should be enough to draw you in; but when you add the beautiful artwork surrounding the Daeung-jeon Hall, the painting dedicated to Ichadon inside the Daeung-jeon Hall, the beautiful bell pavilion, and the memorial dedicated to Ichadon in the front courtyard, you should definitely make the time for Heungnyunsa Temple. This temple is perfect for those that want to explore a lesser known attraction in Gyeongju.

The walled-off compound of Heungnyunsa Temple. The back entry gate to the Gyeongju temple. The Jong-ru (Bell Pavilion) at Heungnyunsa Temple with a newly constructed outdoor shrine dedicated to Mireuk-bul (The Future Buddha) to the right rear. The Daeung-jeon Hall that stands next to the Jong-ru. One of the murals that adorns the Daeung-jeon Hall. This mural is dedicated to the Bodhidharma and Dazu Huike. Another of the murals that adorns the Daeung-jeon Hall. This one is dedicated to the martyrdom of the monk Ichadon. Inside the Daeung-jeon Hall. And a mural dedicated to Ichadon inside the Daeung-jeon Hall to the left of the main altar. The top portion of the memorial dedicated to Icadhon. And the body of the memorial with the stone relief dedicated to the sacrifice of Ichadon. The pathway leading through the Heungnyunsa-ji Temple Site.
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